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A Randomized Study of Post-Remission Therapy in Elderly Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia.

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00363025
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : August 15, 2006
Last Update Posted : February 21, 2008
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Information provided by:
Acute Leukemia French Association

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE August 11, 2006
First Posted Date  ICMJE August 15, 2006
Last Update Posted Date February 21, 2008
Study Start Date  ICMJE November 1999
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 11, 2006)
Overall survival
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 11, 2006)
  • Complete remission rate
  • Induction death rate
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Randomized Study of Post-Remission Therapy in Elderly Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia.
Official Title  ICMJE A Randomized Multicenter Study of More Intensive Versus Less Intensive Post-Remission Therapy in Elderly Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) or Transformed Refractory Anemia With Excess Blasts (RAEB-t).
Brief Summary In this ALFA-9803 trial in AML patients aged 65 years or more, we randomly compared idarubicin or daunorubicin throughout the study (first randomization) and two different post-remission strategies (second randomization): one single intensive consolidation course similar to induction versus six ambulatory cycles with one dose of idarubicin/daunorubicin (day 1) and 2x60 mg/m2/d cytarabine SC (day 1 to 5) delivered in out-patients on a monthly basis. Primary endpoint was 2-year overall survival (OS). Study hypotheses were equivalence for the idarubicin/daunorubicin comparison and a 15% difference in 2-year OS for the post-remission therapy comparison.
Detailed Description

Patients were randomized at baseline (first R1 randomization) to receive either daunorubicin (DNR) or idarubicin (IDA) as an anthracycline for induction and post-remission therapy. This first randomization was stratified on centers and AML type (de novo versus post-MDS AML). Induction chemotherapy consisted of a 4+7 course with either DNR at a daily dosage of 45 mg/m2 or IDA at a daily dosage of 9 mg/m2 for four days (day 1 to day 4) in combination with 200 mg/m2 cytarabine per day as a continuous IV infusion for seven days (day 1 to 7). Lenograstim granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) was administered in all patients from day 9 until myeloid recovery (3 consecutive days with PMN more than 1.0 G/L) by IV infusion and at a daily dosage of 263 microg/day for a maximum of 28 days. A blood and marrow aspiration smear examination was performed at day 21. A salvage course of chemotherapy may be offered to patients with persistent leukemia (defined below), but only if they did not present acquired contra-indication to further intensive chemotherapy (baseline criteria). Salvage consisted of six 1-hour IV bolus of intermediate-dose cytarabine (500 mg/m2/12h day 1 to 3) combined to mitoxantrone (MTZ) at a daily dosage of 12 mg/m2 for two days (day 3 and 4). G-CSF administration was stopped before salvage onset and restarted from day 5 of the salvage course until myeloid recovery for a maximum of 28 days.

Patients reaching complete remission (CR) after induction or induction followed by salvage were eligible for a second R2 randomization between mild versus intensive post-remission therapy, but only if they did not present acquired contra-indication to further intensive chemotherapy (baseline criteria). This second randomization was stratified on centers, AML groups (de novo versus post-MDS AML), and first randomization groups. Mild post-remission therapy was administered in out-patients and consisted of six 1+5 monthly courses with either 45 mg/m2 DNR or 9 mg/m2 IDA for one day (day 1) in combination with 60 mg/m2/12h cytarabine as a SC infusion for five days (day 1 to 5). No G-CSF support was given after these six courses. Intensive post-remission therapy required another hospitalization and was a repetition of the first 4+7 induction administered at the same doses and followed by G-CSF administration as well.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Procedure: Two post-remission strategies
  • Drug: Idarubicin versus daunorubicin
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 11, 2006)
465
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Study Completion Date  ICMJE April 2006
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

Male or female aged 65 years or more. Patient with previously untreated AML except M3 in the FAB classification. Patient with previously untreated transformed refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB-t).

Patients with AML secondary to a previously untreated myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), documented or not, are eligible, as well as those with RAEB-t evolving from a previous known MDS.

Patients with a Performance Status < 3. Patient who has given his/her written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients with AML3 in the FAB classification. Patients with blast crisis of previously known myeloproliferative syndrome. Patients with AML secondary to previous treatment with cytotoxic chemotherapy or radiotherapy (therapy-related AML).

Patients with another concommitant neoplasia. Patients with leukemic central nervous system involvement. Patients with a Grade > 2 uncontrolled infection. Patients with Grade > 2 visceral contra-indications to treatment with induction chemotherapy (except if leukemia-related).

Bilirubin > 2 times the normal range of the laboratory. Serum creatinine > 2 times the normal range of the laboratory. Patients with cardiac contra-indication to treatment with anthracyclines.

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 65 Years and older   (Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE France
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00363025
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE ALFA-9803
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Acute Leukemia French Association
Collaborators  ICMJE Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Herve Dombret, M.D. Acute Leukemia French Association
PRS Account Acute Leukemia French Association
Verification Date August 2006

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP