COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC:

Get the latest research information from NIH: Menu

Childhood Obesity Treatment: A Maintenance Approach

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00301197
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 10, 2006
Last Update Posted : March 10, 2006
Information provided by:
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE March 8, 2006
First Posted Date  ICMJE March 10, 2006
Last Update Posted Date March 10, 2006
Study Start Date  ICMJE August 1999
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 8, 2006)
Weight (child and parent)
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History No Changes Posted
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 8, 2006)
  • Weight related behaviors
  • Psychological functioning (specific and general)
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Childhood Obesity Treatment: A Maintenance Approach
Official Title  ICMJE Childhood Obesity Treatment: A Maintenance Approach
Brief Summary Obesity is a major public health problem. At least 15 million American adults are obese, and the number is rising. Childhood obesity is also increasing in prevalence and currently affects approximately 11-22 percent of children aged 6 to 11. Childhood obesity is associated with serious negative physical, emotional, and social consequences. Obese children are at high risk for becoming obese as adults; 24-44 percent of obese adults were obese as children. The risk of an obese child becoming an obese adult is especially high when at least one parent is obese. To date, adult obesity is known to be resistant to treatment. In contrast, promising long-term effects have been found with children who received behavioral family-based weight loss treatment. However, even with state-of-the-science programs, a substantial percentage of children (i.e., over 40 percent) regain all or most of the weight lost once treatment ends. The proposed study examined the efficacy of two intervention strategies designed to improve the long-term maintenance of weight loss in children relative to discontinued treatment contact following an active weight loss treatment phase (no maintenance treatment control (NTC).
Detailed Description This is an efficacy study comparing two intervention strategies designed to improve the long-term maintenance of weight loss in children compared to a no maintenance treatment control group. In this study, overweight children between the ages of 7-12 years old participated along with their overweight parents in a 20-week behavioral, family-based weight loss treatment. Following weight loss treatment, participants were randomly assigned to one of two 4-month maintenance interventions or to a no-continued treatment control. The Behavioral Skills Maintenance intervention (BSM) will confront the declining motivation to engage in weight-maintenance behaviors, incorporate specific skills for weight maintenance, and teach coping skills and relapse prevention techniques. The Social Facilitation Maintenance treatment will use an innovative, socially-based approach to enhance peer support, increase parental instrumental support, improve body image, and teach effective responses to teasing as methods for sustaining weight maintenance behaviors (i.e., healthy diet and physical activity). It is expected that children participating in BSM and SFM interventions will demonstrate better outcomes at the point of the weight maintenance intervention cessation than children not provided any maintenance treatment. It is further hypothesized that the developmentally appropriate focus and more pervasive and sustaining nature of the SFM treatment targets relative to BSM targets will result in better weight maintenance outcomes for SFM than BSM children. Follow-up assessments will occur at the end of the maintenance phase of treatment, as well as at 12 and 24 months following the initial weight loss treatment. Effective maintenance treatments in children will have a substantial impact on children's immediate and future physical, psychological, and social well being.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Obesity
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Behavioral: Behavioral Skills Maintenance
  • Behavioral: Social Facilitation Maintenance
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications * Wilfley DE, Stein RI, Saelens BE, Mockus DS, Matt GE, Hayden-Wade HA, Welch RR, Schechtman KB, Thompson PA, Epstein LH. Efficacy of maintenance treatment approaches for childhood overweight: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2007 Oct 10;298(14):1661-73.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 8, 2006)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Study Completion Date  ICMJE April 2004
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:


  • 20%-100% overweight
  • 7-12 years old

At least one parent:

  • At least 20% overweight
  • Actively participates in program along with participating child

Both participating family members:

  • Can read and speak English at a 3rd grade level

Exclusion Criteria:

Either participating child or parent:

  • has current psychopathology and is not in ongoing psychiatric care
  • has an active substance abuse problem
  • is not taking weight-affecting medications
  • does not have a medical condition for which a weight loss program would be contraindicated
  • does not have a physical disability of illness that limits their ability to do physical activity
  • does not have major dietary restrictions
  • is not participating in an active weight loss treatment

All family members:

  • do not have an active eating disorder
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 7 Years to 12 Years   (Child)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00301197
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 5R01HD036904( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Denise E Wilfley, PhD Washington University School of Medicine
PRS Account Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Verification Date March 2006

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP