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Safety And Efficacy Of Ziprasidone In Adolescents With Schizophrenia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00257192
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Please see Detailed Description for termination reason.)
First Posted : November 22, 2005
Results First Posted : April 13, 2010
Last Update Posted : December 6, 2011
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pfizer

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 21, 2005
First Posted Date  ICMJE November 22, 2005
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE March 23, 2010
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE April 13, 2010
Last Update Posted Date December 6, 2011
Study Start Date  ICMJE April 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date March 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 23, 2010)
Change From Baseline in Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale - Anchored (BPRS-A) Total Score at Week 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 6 ]
BPRS-A: 18-item clinician rated scale to assess somatic concern, anxiety, emotional withdrawal, disorganization, hallucinatory behavior, guilt feelings, suspiciousness, disorientation, tension, mannerisms, posturing, grandiosity, depressive mood, hostility, motor retardation, uncooperativeness, unusual thought content, blunted affect, and excitement. Ratings anchored to improve consistency for a single rater over time or between raters. Items rated on 7-point scale 0 (not present) to 6 (extremely severe). Total score=sum of items (range 0 to 108); higher scores indicate increased pathology.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 21, 2005)
Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale - Anchored
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 23, 2010)
  • Change From Baseline in Clinical Global Impression of Severity (CGI-S) Score at Week 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 6 ]
    CGI-S: single-item clinician rated scale to rate the severity of a subject's illness over time. Scores range from 1 (normal, not at all ill) to 7 (among the most severely ill subjects); higher score indicates more affected.
  • Change From Baseline in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) - Total Score at Week 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 6 ]
    PANSS: 30-item clinician-rated scale to measure severity of psychopathology (16 items); positive scale (7 items); negative scale (7 items); summarized as positive score, negative score, and total score. Items scored on anchored Likert scale rated 1 (absent symptoms) to 7 (extreme); scores above 1 indicate clinical symptom is present; scores from 2 to 7 indicate increased severity. Total score range 30 to 210: higher score indicates greater severity.
  • Change From Baseline in PANSS: Positive and Negative Subscales at Week 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 6 ]
    PANSS: 30-item clinician-rated scale to measure severity of psychopathology (16 items); positive scale (7 items); negative scale (7 items); summarized as positive score, negative score, and total score. Items scored on anchored Likert scale rated 1 (absent symptoms) to 7 (extreme); scores above 1 indicate clinical symptom is present; scores from 2 to 7 indicate increased severity. Total score range 30 to 210: higher score indicates greater severity.
  • Clinical Global Impression of Improvement (CGI-I) Score at Week 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 6 ]
    CGI-I: single-item clinician rated scale used to assess the subject's improvement or worsening from baseline. Scores range from 1 (very much improved) to 4 (no change) to 7 (very much worse); higher score indicates more affected.
  • Change From Baseline in Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 4, Week 6, Early termination (ET) ]
    CGAS: clinician-rated global assessment item for children based on symptoms and social functioning in home, school, and community settings. Scores on this single item range from 1 to 100 (higher levels indicate greater health) with descriptive anchors for every 10-point interval. Scores above 70 on this scale are considered within the "normal" range; lower score indicates need for increased supervision.
  • Change From Baseline in Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 6, ET ]
    CHQ: 50-item, 15 subscale parent or legal guardian assessed instrument of child's physical, emotional, social well-being, and relative burden of disease on the parents; rated on Likert-type scale: range 0 to 100; higher scores indicate a more positive health status. Global indicators for Physical Health and Psychosocial Health are weighted composites derived from subscale items using scoring algorithms (transformed scores); range 0 to 100: higher scores indicate more positive health status.
  • Change From Baseline in Children's Problem Behavior and Aggression Questionnaire (CPBAQ) Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 1 through Week 6 ]
    CPBAQ: 19-item parent or legal guardian completed questionnaire to rate the child's verbal (such as yelling or cursing) and physical aggression (such a fighting with peers or being cruel to an animal) during the past week. Behavior was rated on a 4-point scale; range 0 (behavior did not occur or was not a problem) to 3 (behavior occurred a lot or was severe problem). Total score range 0 to 57; higher scores indicate a greater frequency and severity of aggression.
  • Change From Baseline in Child Depression Rating Scale - Revised (CDRS-R): Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 1 through Week 6 ]
    CDRS-R: clinician-rated interview-based scale (with both child and parent or guardian) to assess 17 distinct symptom areas to derive an index of depression severity. Discrepancies between informants' responses were resolved by using most impaired rating given by valid informant. Rated on a 7-point scale; range from 1 (no impairment) to 7 (indicates greater impairment). Total score calculated as sum of the 17 items (range 1 to 119); higher score indicates greater impairment.
  • Change From Baseline in Child Depression Rating Scale - Revised (CDRS-R): Suicide Ideation Item 13 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 1 through Week 6 ]
    CDRS-R: clinician-rated interview-based scale (with both child and parent or guardian) to assess 17 distinct symptom areas to derive an index of depression severity. Discrepancies between informants' responses were resolved by using most impaired rating given by valid informant. Suicide Ideation (Item 13) detects changes in suicidality over time. Rated on a 7-point scale; range from 1 (no impairment) to 7 (indicates greater impairment).
  • Change From Baseline in Child Depression Rating Scale - Revised (CDRS-R): Impaired Schoolwork Item 1 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 6 ]
    Clinician-rated interview-based scale (with both child and parent or guardian) to assess 17 distinct symptom areas to derive an index of depression severity. Discrepancies between informants' responses resolved by using most impaired rating given by valid informant. Impaired Schoolwork (Item 1) assesses school function for the subgroup of subjects reported to be in school. Rated on a 7-point scale; range from 1 (no impairment) to 7 (indicates greater impairment).
  • Change From Baseline in CNS Vital Signs Cognitive Test Battery (Includes Sedation Item): Subscales [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 6, ET ]
    A computerized subject-administered test battery with subtests for verbal and visual memory, processing speed, nonverbal reasoning, executive functioning, working memory, and sustained attention. A computerized 7-point sedation item (0 [not sleepy] to 10 [very sleepy]) was completed prior to test battery. The Neurocognitive index score was derived from subtest scores per an algorithm. The index score and subtest scores assessed the subject's changes in cognition. Scores were rated as above average (score >109), average (90 to 109), below average (80 to 89), or well below average (70 to 79).
  • Change From Baseline in CNS Vital Signs Cognitive Test Battery: Neurocognitive Index [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 6, ET ]
    A computerized subject-administered test battery with subtests for verbal and visual memory, processing speed, nonverbal reasoning, executive functioning, working memory, and sustained attention. A computerized 7-point sedation item (0 [not sleepy] to 10 [very sleepy]) was completed prior to test battery. The Neurocognitive index score was derived from subtest scores per an algorithm. The index score and subtest scores assessed the subject's changes in cognition. Scores were rated as above average (score >109), average (90 to 109), below average (80 to 89), or well below average (70 to 79).
  • Change From Baseline in Movement Disorder Scales: Simpson-Angus Rating Scale (SARS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 1 through Week 6 ]
    SARS: 10-item clinician rated instrument to assess parkinsonian symptoms (7 items) and related extrapyramidal side effects (3 items): gait, arm dropping, shoulder shaking, elbow rigidity, leg pendulousness, glabellar tap, tremor, and salivation. Head dropping (modified SARS item 7) substituted for head rotation. Anchored 5-point scale: range 0 (absence of condition, normal) to 4 (most extreme form of condition). Total score is sum of individual item scores (range 0 to 40); higher score indicates more affected.
  • Change From Baseline in Movement Disorder Scales: Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale (BAS) Global Clinical Assessment Item [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 1 through Week 6 ]
    BAS: clinician rated scale to assess akathisia to determine the degree of subjective restlessness and distress associated with restlessness. First 3 items (Objective, Subjective, and Distress related to restlessness) rated on a 4-point scale with range 0 (no symptoms) to 3 (increased severity of symptoms). Item 4 Global Clinical Assessment of Akathisia rated on a 6-point scale range 0 (no symptoms) to 5 (increased severity of symptoms); higher score indicates increased severity. All rating are anchored. Only the Global Clinical Assessment of Akathisia was to be analyzed.
  • Change From Baseline in Movement Disorder Scales: Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) Movement Cluster Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 1 through Week 6 ]
    AIMS: clinician rated 12-item scale to rate 7 body areas and global judgments on the severity of abnormal movements, incapacitation and subject's awareness of abnormal movements. Items 1 to 10 scored 0 (none) to 4 (severe) (total possible score 0 to 40; higher score indicates greater severity); items 11 to 14 are No or Yes response to dental status and sleep movements. Only the sum of the first 7 items to be analyzed (AIMS Movement Cluster score). Total score 0 to 28; higher score indicates greater severity.
  • Number of Subjects Per Response on the School Placement Questionnaire: School Situation [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 6, ET ]
    School placement questionnaire: parent or legal guardian assessed questionnaire to determine whether the child is currently enrolled in school (or planned to be enrolled if on school holiday like summer break), whether attending regularly if enrolled, and how well the child is doing overall in school. Questions were modified from those used in the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) funded Treatment of Early Onset Schizophrenia Spectrum (TEOSS) study. Results determine whether subjects are currently attending school and qualitatively describe how well they are doing in school.
  • Number of Subjects Per Response on the School Placement Questionnaire: School Attendance [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 6, ET ]
    School placement questionnaire: parent or legal guardian assessed questionnaire to determine whether the child is currently enrolled in school (or planned to be enrolled if on school holiday like summer break), whether attending regularly if enrolled, and how well the child is doing overall in school. Questions were modified from those used in the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) funded Treatment of Early Onset Schizophrenia Spectrum (TEOSS) study. Results determine whether subjects are currently attending school and qualitatively describe how well they are doing in school.
  • Number of Subjects Per Response on the School Placement Questionnaire: Overall School Performance [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, Week 6, ET ]
    School placement questionnaire: parent or legal guardian assessed questionnaire to determine whether the child is currently enrolled in school (or planned to be enrolled if on school holiday like summer break), whether attending regularly if enrolled, and how well the child is doing overall in school. Questions were modified from those used in the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) funded Treatment of Early Onset Schizophrenia Spectrum (TEOSS) study. Results determine whether subjects are currently attending school and qualitatively describe how well they are doing in school.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 21, 2005)
Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale; Clinical Global Impression scale
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Safety And Efficacy Of Ziprasidone In Adolescents With Schizophrenia
Official Title  ICMJE Six Week, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Phase III Trial Evaluating The Efficacy, Safety And Pharmacokinetics Of Flexible Doses Of Oral Ziprasidone In Adolescent Subjects With Schizophrenia
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to determine if flexibly-dosed ziprasidone is safe and effective for the treatment of adolescents (ages 13-17) with schizophrenia
Detailed Description Termination Reason: On March 24, 2009, Pfizer Inc. stopped late stage Geodon pediatric clinical trials in schizophrenia (A1281134 - placebo controlled; A1281135 - open label). As recommended by the DSMB, these studies were stopped due to lack of efficacy. No safety concerns were identified.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Schizophrenia
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: placebo
    Placebo matching the oral ziprasidone capsules of 20 mg, 40 mg, 60 mg, and 80 mg strength or matching placebo. Subjects will be dosed daily for 6 weeks using a flexible dose design with a minimal dose range of 40mg twice a day (BID) to a maximum dose range of 80 mg BID. For subjects weighing <45 kg, the doses will range from 20 mg BID to 40 mg BID.
  • Drug: Ziprasidone oral capsules
    Oral ziprasidone capsules of 20 mg, 40 mg, 60 mg, and 80 mg strength or matching placebo. Subjects will be dosed daily for 6 weeks using a flexible dose design with a minimal dose range of 40mg BID to a maximum dose range of 80 mg BID. For subjects weighing <45 kg, the doses will range from 20 mg BID to 40 mg BID.
    Other Name: Geodon, Zeldox
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Placebo Comparator: 2.0
    Intervention: Drug: placebo
  • Active Comparator: 1.0
    Intervention: Drug: Ziprasidone oral capsules
Publications * Findling RL, Cavuş I, Pappadopulos E, Vanderburg DG, Schwartz JH, Gundapaneni BK, DelBello MP. Ziprasidone in adolescents with schizophrenia: results from a placebo-controlled efficacy and long-term open-extension study. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2013 Oct;23(8):531-44. doi: 10.1089/cap.2012.0068. Epub 2013 Oct 10.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 23, 2010)
284
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 21, 2005)
276
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date March 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV) criteria for schizophrenia: Current symptoms were to be present for at least 7 days before screening.
  • At the Screening and Baseline visits, subjects must have had a Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale - Anchored score ≥35 and a score of ≥4 on at least 1 of the following items: unusual thought content (i.e., delusions), hallucinations, suspiciousness, or conceptual disorganization.
  • Age 13 - 17 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Imminent risk of suicide or homicide, as judged by the site investigator
  • Any history of serious or unstable medical illness, including risk for QT prolongation
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 13 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Colombia,   Costa Rica,   India,   Malaysia,   Peru,   Russian Federation,   Singapore,   Ukraine,   United States
Removed Location Countries Canada,   Germany,   Mexico,   Sweden
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00257192
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE A1281134
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Pfizer
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Pfizer
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center Pfizer
PRS Account Pfizer
Verification Date December 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP