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"DOES MYOBLOC™ IMPROVE FUNCTIONAL HAND USE IN YOUNG CHILDREN WITH A HYPERTONIC UPPER EXTREMITY?"

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00238641
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 13, 2005
Last Update Posted : October 13, 2005
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Elan Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by:
Stanford University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 11, 2005
First Posted Date  ICMJE October 13, 2005
Last Update Posted Date October 13, 2005
Study Start Date  ICMJE January 2002
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 11, 2005)
The primary outcome measure is the time it takes to complete maximum arm extension during voluntary reaching, measured from the coraco-acromial joint to the midpoint of the dorsum of the wrist.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History No Changes Posted
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 11, 2005)
The rater will compare improvement or worsening in global arm function through the Unified Dystonia Rating Scale (UDRS), the motor subscale of the Unified Parkinson's Disease rating scale (UPDRS), and the Burke-Fahn-Marsden dystonia scale (BFM). Compar
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE "DOES MYOBLOC™ IMPROVE FUNCTIONAL HAND USE IN YOUNG CHILDREN WITH A HYPERTONIC UPPER EXTREMITY?"
Official Title  ICMJE "DOES MYOBLOC™ IMPROVE FUNCTIONAL HAND USE IN YOUNG CHILDREN WITH A HYPERTONIC UPPER EXTREMITY?"
Brief Summary In children with cerebral palsy, stiffness of the arm can develop early and delay or prevent the acquisition of normal hand skills. Improvement in functional use of the hand may therefore be dependent upon early treatment of upper extremity hypertonia. We propose to test a series of injections of Myobloc™ in a non-randomized one-way crossover pilot clinical trial and dose-finding study, with clinical assessments and blinded video evaluations. Ten children age 2-17 years with increased tone at the elbow or wrist will be expected to complete the study. A 1-month baseline evaluation period will be followed by an injection of low-dose Myobloc™ to affected muscle(s) of the arm according to standardized per-kilogram dosing with a maximum of 25U/kg in each affected arm. Three months later, a second injection of up to 50U/kg will be performed in each affected arm. Three months after the second dose, a third dose of up to 100U/kg will be performed in each affected arm. Neurological assessments will be performed at study entry, prior to each injection, and at 1 and 3 months following each injection. Routine physical therapy and non-study medications will be continued during the study.
Detailed Description

Subjects: 10 subjects age 2-17 years with hypertonia affecting one or both upper extremities, but without injections of neuromuscular blocking agents for six months prior to enrollment, or surgery on the upper extremity.

Intervention: Injection of Myobloc™ in 2 sites per muscle for up to two muscles of each upper extremity (biceps, brachioradialis), at a maximum dose of 25Units/kg/arm for the first injection, a maximum of 50Units/kg/arm for the second injection, and a maximum of 100Units/kg/arm for the third injection. If there is significant weakness or worsening of function following any injection, the dose will not be increased for subsequent injections. Injections will be performed after placement of topical anesthetic (ELA-MAX™ cream), using EMG guidance to identify active muscles contributing to hypertonia.

Primary outcome measures: The primary outcome measure is the time it takes to complete maximum arm extension during voluntary reaching, measured from the coraco-acromial joint to the midpoint of the dorsum of the wrist. Change scores will be calculated between intake and 1 month (baseline effect), 1 month and 2 months (first injection effect), 4 months and 5 months (second injection effect), and 7 months and 8 months (third injection effect). A device called a Shape Tape (Measureand, Inc.) will be used to measure this outcome. Shape Tape is a flexible strip of portable spring steel with optic fiber that provides instantaneous readouts to a portable computer of bends and twists and other forms of movement capture that can be conducted in a clinical setting. The Shape Tape is fastened loosely to the body part under measurement (in this case, the subject's wrist and shoulder) with either medical-grade adhesive tape or Velcro. The shapetape is connected to a portable computer, and custom software allows measurement of the average velocity of hand movement during reaching.

Secondary outcome measures: The rater will compare improvement or worsening in global arm function through the Unified Dystonia Rating Scale (UDRS), the motor subscale of the Unified Parkinson's Disease rating scale (UPDRS), and the Burke-Fahn-Marsden dystonia scale (BFM). Comparisons will be performed between intake and 1 month (baseline effect), 1 month and 2 months (first injection effect), 4 months and 5 months (second injection effect), and 7 months and 8 months (third injection effect). Other secondary measures include neurological examination, Ashworth spasticity scale, and comparisons of numerical stiffness measures as measured by the Rigidity Analyzer Device. A parent rating scale, the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL), will be used to determine overall functional improvement.

Statistical analysis: The outcomes will be tested at the 0.05 level of significance using repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Friedman nonparametric test applied to the 4 repeated change scores for each of the primary and secondary outcome measures. Tests of significance for the secondary measures will be corrected for multiple comparisons.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Cerebral Palsy
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Botulinum Toxin type B
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 11, 2005)
10
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Study Completion Date  ICMJE May 2005
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Age 2- 17 years 2. Hypertonia affecting one or both upper extremities 3. Hypertonia caused by static encephalopathy due to prenatal or perinatal injury 4. Cognitive and motor function sufficient so that the child will reliably reach toward a target or a small toy 5. Concurrent enrollment in "standard of care" physical therapy or occupational therapy services

Exclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Injection of neuromuscular blocking agents to any extremity within six months prior to enrollment 2. Dose changes of trihexyphenidyl, dantrolene, baclofen, dopaminergic agents or benzodiazepines during the course of the study.

    3. Any use of aminoglycoside antibiotics during the study. 4. Prior surgery to either upper extremity 5. Initiation or change in physical or occupational therapy regimen within 3 months of study entry 6. Progressive or neurodegenerative disease, or suspicion of an inborn error of metabolism 7. Neuropathy, myopathy, or neuromuscular junction disease 8. Congenital deformities of either upper extremity 9. Respiratory or airway compromise, or use of respiratory medications 10. Cardiomyopathy 11. Any other medical condition that would place the child at risk for participation

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 2 Years to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00238641
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE Myobloc2002
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Stanford University
Collaborators  ICMJE Elan Pharmaceuticals
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Terence Sanger, MD, PhD Stanford University
PRS Account Stanford University
Verification Date October 2005

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP