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Study to Assess Safety and Efficacy of AQUAVAN® Injection for Sedation During Cardiac Catheterization

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00209547
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 21, 2005
Last Update Posted : November 7, 2008
Information provided by:
Eisai Inc.

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 13, 2005
First Posted Date  ICMJE September 21, 2005
Last Update Posted Date November 7, 2008
Study Start Date  ICMJE February 2004
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 13, 2005)
Demonstrate that AQUAVAN was effective in providing adequate sedation in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary (PC) procedures.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00209547 on Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 13, 2005)
Treatment-emergent adverse events, Sedation-related adverse events, and airway Assistance.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Study to Assess Safety and Efficacy of AQUAVAN® Injection for Sedation During Cardiac Catheterization
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase III, Randomized, Open-Label Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of AQUAVAN® Injection Versus Midazolam HCl for Sedation in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary (PC) Procedures
Brief Summary The anticipation of pain and discomfort, a diagnosis, and other intrinsic unknowns make patients anxious both prior to and during a procedure. Therefore, the main goal of sedation with analgesia used during various diagnostic, therapeutic, or surgical procedures is to relieve this anxiety, discomfort, and pain, which are all interrelated. The optimal level of sedation for any given patient is one that allows the patient to tolerate the procedure and provides an appropriate safety margin. This was a study designed to examine the safety and efficacy of AQUAVAN® Injection versus a commonly used approved sedative drug, midazolam HCl following pretreatment with fentanyl citrate injection (for pain relief) in producing sedation in patients undergoing single cardiac catheterization procedures.
Detailed Description

This was a randomized, open-label study designed to assess the safety and efficacy of AQUAVAN® Injection (hereafter referred to as AQUAVAN) versus the reference drug, midazolam HCl (hereafter referred to as midazolam) following pretreatment with fentanyl citrate injection (hereafter referred to as fentanyl) in producing sedation in male and female patients undergoing single PC procedures.

Screening assessments were done within 2 weeks of scheduled procedures. After completion of preprocedural sedation assessments, patients were randomly assigned to 1 of the 2 treatment groups at a 3:1 (AQUAVAN: midazolam) allocation ratio on the day of the scheduled procedure (Day 0) via an Interactive Voice Response System (IVRS). Randomization was stratified by site.

All patients, regardless of treatment group assignment, received fentanyl as an analgesic pretreatment. Supplemental doses of fentanyl could be administered if the patient reported pain or if analgesia was inadequate, as demonstrated by increased heart rate and/or blood pressure in the presence of adequate sedation. At no time was fentanyl to be administered to increase sedation levels.

AQUAVAN or midazolam was administered by intravenous (i.v.) bolus to induce a state of minimal-to-moderate (procedural) s sedation, defined as a score of ≤4 on the Modified Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation (OAA/S) scale. Supplemental doses were administered, if necessary, to increase the depth or duration of sedation. Supplemental doses were not administered if the Modified OAA/S score was ≤2 or if there was no purposeful response to stimulation. Patient and Investigator assessments were used to confirm that the depth of sedation met the goals of sedation, reduced anxiety, and awareness.

Follow-up patient assessments were conducted in a telephone interview 24 hours following treatment and during a clinic visit 2 to 5 days following treatment.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Angioplasty
  • Coronary Catheterization
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: fospropofol disodium
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 13, 2005)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 2005
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient provided signed/dated Informed Consent and HIPAA authorization after receiving a full explanation of the extent and nature of the study.
  2. Patient was at least 18 years of age at the time of screening (Prior to Amendment 2 [dated 04 February 2005], the patient was required to be between 18 and 65 years of age, inclusive. Three subjects were randomized under this earlier inclusion criteria).
  3. If female, patient was surgically sterile, postmenopausal or not pregnant or lactating and had been using an acceptable method of birth control for at least 1 month prior to dosing, with a negative urine pregnancy test result at Screening and Predosing Periods.
  4. Patient met American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)13, 14 Physical Status Classification System level I to III; and
  5. Patient was an inpatient or outpatient scheduled to undergo a single PC procedure.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient had history of allergic reaction or hypersensitivity to any anesthetic agent, narcotic, or benzodiazepine.
  2. Patient did not meet nils per os (NPO) status per ASA Guideline or institution's guideline.
  3. Patient had a condition(s) that, in the opinion of the Investigator, could interfere with appropriate airway management.
  4. Patient had participated in an investigational drug study within 1 month prior to study start.
  5. Patient had history of mental or visual impairment that would not permit successful measurement of cognitive evaluations.
  6. Patient was unwilling to adhere to pre- and postprocedural instructions; or
  7. Patient for whom the use of fentanyl or midazolam was contraindicated.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Not Provided
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00209547
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 3000-0411
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Eisai Inc.
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • PPD
  • Covance
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: James Jones, MD,PharmD Eisai Inc.
PRS Account Eisai Inc.
Verification Date November 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP