Effects of N-Methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA)-Receptor Antagonism on Hyperalgesia, Opioid Use, and Pain After Radical Prostatectomy
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00188383|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified September 2005 by University Health Network, Toronto.
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
First Posted : September 16, 2005
Last Update Posted : March 14, 2006
|First Submitted Date ICMJE||September 9, 2005|
|First Posted Date ICMJE||September 16, 2005|
|Last Update Posted Date||March 14, 2006|
|Study Start Date ICMJE||January 2004|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||To investigate the effects of perioperative NMDA receptor blockade on postoperative hyperalgesia, pain and analgesic consumption in young and elderly men|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||To investigate the effects of perioperative NMDA receptor blockade on postoperative hyperalgesia, pain and analgesic consumption in young and elderly men.|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||To assess age differences in the intensity and course of secondary hyperalgesia after surgery|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||To assess age differences in the intensity and course of secondary hyperalgesia after surgery.|
|Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Effects of N-Methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA)-Receptor Antagonism on Hyperalgesia, Opioid Use, and Pain After Radical Prostatectomy|
|Official Title ICMJE||Effects of NMDA-Receptor Antagonism on Hyperalgesia, Opioid Use, and Pain After Radical Prostatectomy in Young and Elderly Patients|
The primary aim is to determine whether perioperative NMDA-receptor antagonism has differential effects on postoperative pain, hyperalgesia and morbidity in younger and older patients. In order to achieve this aim, the researchers propose to conduct the first randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study designed to investigate age differences in the effects of perioperative oral administration of an NMDA-receptor antagonist (amantadine) in men undergoing radical prostatectomy. In addition, age differences in psychosocial factors and the pharmacological properties of amantadine and morphine will be measured to control for, and clarify, their contribution to the differences found.
The specific objectives of the study are to:
The immediate postoperative period is associated with spontaneous pain and hyperalgesia, i.e., increased pain response (both intensity and duration) to normally painful stimuli following tissue injury or damage.
The development and maintenance of secondary hyperalgesia depend on complex plastic changes in spinal cord dorsal horn cells after peripheral injury or damage. Afferent impulses signaling the damage are carried to the dorsal horn by slowly conducting, unmyelinated C-fibres. C-fibres release glutamate which acts at three receptor types: metabotropic, kainate/AMPA and NMDA. NMDA receptor activation, through a complex cascade of intracellular events, results in dorsal horn neuron hyperexcitability or central sensitization. These cells have increased spontaneous activity, decreased threshold, increased response to afferent input, prolonged afterdischarge to repeated stimulation, and an expansion of receptive fields. Central sensitization is expressed behaviorally as secondary hyperalgesia and contributes to prolonged postoperative pain. It also may trigger pathological reorganization of neural circuitry leading to the development of chronic postsurgical pain. Through these processes, tissue injury may have profound effects on the CNS that long outlast the injury.
In animal models of pain, NMDA agonists induce central sensitization and hyperalgesia whereas antagonists decrease or prevent hyperalgesia. In humans, NMDA-receptor antagonism decreases secondary hyperalgesia subsequent to experimentally-induced pain.
Perioperative administration of NMDA antagonists, that is, before, during and after surgery, may be the ideal intervention to block the initiation and maintenance of central sensitization. Several studies have found that this intervention reduces postoperative hyperalgesia, pain, and analgesic use; however, others have not found these effects. This is not surprising given the variability across studies in factors such as surgical procedure, extent and nature of tissue damage, duration of surgery, pharmacokinetics of the agent(s) tested, and intraoperative and postoperative analgesia. Nonetheless, the weight of the evidence suggests that preventing or minimizing central sensitization reduces pain and analgesic requirements.
Co-administration of NMDA antagonists and opioids has been advocated as an effective approach. The combination of morphine and amantadine should reduce postoperative pain by inducing analgesia through actions on opioid-mediated receptor systems and by reducing hyperalgesia via NMDA receptor-mediated events . The combination also should produce fewer opioid-related adverse effects due to the anticipated opioid-sparing effect. The present proposal describes the first direct comparison of perioperative NMDA receptor blockade coupled with intra- and post-operative opioid administration in young and elderly patients. In order to minimize the influence of other perioperative factors on the outcome variables, all patients will undergo the same surgical procedure and anesthetic protocol. Furthermore, factors that cannot readily be standardized (e.g., surgical duration, mood) will be measured and controlled for statistically. This increases the internal validity of the proposed study and our ability to detect age and drug effects.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase ICMJE||Phase 1
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: Amantadine|
|Study Arms ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Unknown status|
|Original Enrollment ICMJE||Same as current|
|Study Completion Date ICMJE||December 2006|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages ICMJE||18 Years to 80 Years (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers ICMJE||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||Canada|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00188383|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||94759-200109MCT|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||University Health Network, Toronto|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)|
|PRS Account||University Health Network, Toronto|
|Verification Date||September 2005|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP