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Cultured White Cells Plus Interleukin-2 to Treat Advanced Kidney Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00091611
Recruitment Status : Terminated (This study was terminated due to low accrual.)
First Posted : September 13, 2004
Last Update Posted : October 26, 2012
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 11, 2004
First Posted Date  ICMJE September 13, 2004
Last Update Posted Date October 26, 2012
Study Start Date  ICMJE September 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date April 2006   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 3, 2012)
Determine whether Adoptive Lymphocyte Transfer in Conjunction with Preparative Lympho-depletion Chemotherapy and Interleukin-2 (IL-2) May result in Clinical Tumor Regression in Metastatic Renal Cancer
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00091611 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Cultured White Cells Plus Interleukin-2 to Treat Advanced Kidney Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE Phase II Study in Metastatic Renal Cell Cancer Using Cultured, Tumor-Reactive Lymphocytes and Interleukin-2
Brief Summary

Background:

  • Some patients with advanced kidney cancer have immune cells that can recognize and kill their cancer, but the cells are not active enough or numerous enough to accomplish this on their own.
  • In recent studies of patients with advanced melanoma, some patients given special tumor-fighting cells (cells taken from the patient's tumor cells and grown in the laboratory) showed some anti-tumor response.

Objectives:

-To determine whether special tumor-fighting cells taken from the patient's blood or tumor and grown in the laboratory can cause tumors in patients with kidney cancer to shrink when they are given back to the patient along with interleukin-2.

Eligibility: Patients 18 years of age or older with advanced kidney cancer.

Design:

  • Up to 29 patients will be treated in this study.
  • Patients undergo tumor biopsy to collect tumor cells for creating special tumor-fighting cells for later infusion.
  • Patients undergo apheresis to collect stem cells for later re-infusion. For apheresis, whole blood is collected through a needle in an arm vein and circulated through a cell-separating machine where the stem cells are extracted. The rest of the blood is returned through the same needle or a needle in the other arm.
  • Before receiving the treated white cells, patients are given two drugs to suppress the immune system so the treated cells can work without interference from immune system cells. They are given cyclophosphamide over 2 days through a catheter (plastic tube inserted into a vein in the arm or neck) and fludarabine through the catheter over 15-30 minutes for the next 5 days.
  • The day after the last dose of fludarabine, the tumor-fighting cells are infused through a vein over 10-20 minutes.
  • Following the cell infusion, patients start treatment with high-dose interleukin-2 every 8 hours for a maximum of 12 doses.
  • Patients are evaluated with x-ray studies about 1 month after receiving the cells and interleukin 2 (IL-2) to look for tumor response to treatment. Those who show significant improvement continue to receive treatment until the treated cells are used up or the patient no longer benefits or develops unacceptable side effects.
Detailed Description

Background:

One area of therapeutic advancement in immunotherapy has been to identify autologous tumor-reactive T-cells and expand them in vitro, and administer them in adoptive transfer back to patients. These T-cells have been obtained either from tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) which appear enriched for tumor-reactive T-cells or by in vitro stimulation of peripheral blood T-cells from cancer patients. Recent success in patients with melanoma has in large part been due to a T-cell expansion protocol described by Riddell et al. using anti-CD3 (cluster of differentiation 3) and irradiated allogeneic feeder cells and the use of conditioning chemotherapy prior to cell transfer. This current study uses the results of these Surgery Branch adoptive cell therapy trials to study their potential in patients with metastatic renal cell cancer.

Objectives:

The primary objective will be to determine whether adoptive lymphocyte transfer in conjunction with preparative lympho-depletion chemotherapy and interleukin-2 (IL-2) may result in clinical tumor regression in patients with metastatic renal cancer.

Eligibility:

Patients with metastatic renal cell cancer who have failed conventional therapy with interleukin-2, from whom tumor-reactive lymphocytes (from either peripheral blood, lymph nodes or tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes) can be obtained and expanded in vitro.

Patients must meet specific safety laboratory criteria, be able to tolerate interleukin 2 (IL-2), and have no concurrent major medical illnesses or symptomatic brain metastases.

Design:

All patients will receive a non-myeloablative lymphocyte depleting preparative regimen of cyclophosphamide (60 mg/kg/day intravenous (IV)) on days -7 and -6 and fludarabine (25 mg/m^2/day intravenous (IV)) on days -5 through -1. On day 0 patients will receive an infusion of their own tumor-reactive T cells grown in vitro (greater than or equal to 5x10^8 cells for a cycle) and then begin high-dose IL-2 (720,000 IU/kg intravenous (IV) every 8 hours for up to 15 doses).

Clinical and Immunologic response will be evaluated about 3 to 5 weeks after the treatment regimen.

This trial will be conducted as a phase II trial using a two-stage MinMax design which will try to determine whether intravenous (IV) cell administration can produce a modest response rate targeted to be greater than or equal to 35 % (p1=0.35) as opposed to an undesirably low response rate of less than 15% (p0=0.15). If at least 3 patients of 15 have an objective response (partial response (PR) or complete response (CR)) accrual will proceed to 28 patients, with a projected accrual over three years.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Kidney Neoplasms
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: IL-2 (interleukin-2)
  • Drug: OKT3
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
  • Drug: Fludarabine
  • Drug: Mesna
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications * Rosenberg SA, Zhai Y, Yang JC, Schwartzentruber DJ, Hwu P, Marincola FM, Topalian SL, Restifo NP, Seipp CA, Einhorn JH, Roberts B, White DE. Immunizing patients with metastatic melanoma using recombinant adenoviruses encoding MART-1 or gp100 melanoma antigens. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1998 Dec 16;90(24):1894-900.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 3, 2012)
3
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
90
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date April 2006   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA: CELL HARVEST:
  • Patients must have metastatic renal cell cancer.
  • age greater than or equal to 18 years.
  • Clinical performance status of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0, 1 at entry to the trial.
  • Life expectancy of greater than three months.
  • Seronegative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody. (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive can have decreased immune competence and can thus be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to it's toxicities.)
  • Seronegative for hepatitis B antigen.
  • Seropositive for Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV).
  • Patients with electrocardiogram (EKG) abnormalities, symptoms of cardiac ischemia or arrythmias or age greater than 50 years must have a normal stress cardiac test (stress thallium, stress multi-gated acquisition scan (MUGA), dobutamine echocardiogram or other stress test).
  • Patients who have a recent prolonged history of cigarette smoking or symptoms of respiratory dysfunction must have pulmonary function testing with an forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV(1)) greater than 60% predicted.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA: CELL HARVEST:

-Active systemic infections, coagulation disorders, contra-indications to receiving interleukin-2 (IL-2) or major medical illnesses of the cardiovascular, respiratory or immune system.

INCLUSION CRITERIA: CELL INFUSION:

  • Patients must have measurable metastatic renal cell cancer and have tumor progression after therapy with interleukin-2 (IL-2).
  • Clinical performance status of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0, 1 at entry to the treatment phase of this trial.
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3.
  • Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) less than three times the upper limit of normal.
  • Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.6 mg/dl.
  • Total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.6 mg/dl or direct bilirubin less than or equal to 0.5 mg/dl.
  • Life expectancy of greater than three months.
  • At the time of T-cell transfer, the patient must have a T-cell population which has met the attached Certificate of Analysis for tumor recognition and safety testing.
  • Any patient receiving interleukin-2 (IL-2) must sign a durable power of attorney.
  • Male and Female patients must be willing to practice contraception during the treatment phase of this study..
  • Patients with asymptomatic brain metastases may be considered eligible.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA: CELL INFUSION:

  • Potentially effective therapy for renal cell cancer (RCC) within four weeks of the time the patient receives T-cell transfer (with the exception of local irradiation to non-evaluated sites).
  • Requirement for steroid therapy.
  • Active systemic infections, coagulation disorders, contra-indications to receiving interleukin-2 (IL-2) or major medical illnesses or the cardiovascular, respiratory or immune system.
  • Pregnant patients and nursing mothers will be excluded because of the unknown effects of this therapy on the fetus or nursing infant.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00091611
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 040277
04-C-0277
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: James Yang, M.D. National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health
PRS Account National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Verification Date October 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP