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Clinical and Genetic Studies of X-Linked Juvenile Retinoschisis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00055029
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 17, 2003
Last Update Posted : November 8, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Eye Institute (NEI) )

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date February 15, 2003
First Posted Date February 17, 2003
Last Update Posted Date November 8, 2019
Actual Study Start Date February 12, 2003
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: October 18, 2019)
The primary outcome is the categorization of the proband's genotype and phenotype and determination of the relationship between the two. [ Time Frame: ongoing ]
The primary outcome is the categorization of the proband's genotype and phenotype and determination of the relationship between the two.
Original Primary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00055029 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title Clinical and Genetic Studies of X-Linked Juvenile Retinoschisis
Official Title X-Linked Juvenile Retinoschisis - Clinical and Molecular Studies
Brief Summary

This study will explore the causes and eye problems of X-linked juvenile retinoschisis (XLRS), an inherited disease that causes vision loss primarily in young males. The vision loss, which worsens over time, is a result of schisis, or splitting, of the layers of the retina (tissue that lines the back of the eye). A better understanding of why and how XLRS develops might lead to improved treatments.

Patients 9 months of age and older with XLRS and females who are suspected carriers of the gene responsible for the disease (such as the mother of the patient) may be eligible for this study. Other family members of patients also may be enrolled.

Patients will undergo the following tests and procedures:

  • Personal and family medical history to review past and current medical conditions and treatments, particularly regarding eye disease, and to construct a family tree.
  • Eye examination to assess visual acuity (eye chart test) and examine pupils, lens, retina, and eye movements. The pupils will be dilated with drops for this examination.
  • Photography of the retina to help evaluate the status of the retina.
  • Specialized eye tests to evaluate color vision, field of vision, and ability to see in the dark.
  • Electroretinogram (ERG) to examine what happens to the eyes after a flash of bright light. For this test, the patient sits in a dark room for 30 minutes with his or her eyes patched. Then, a small silver disk electrode is taped to the forehead, the eye patches are removed, the surface of the eye is numbed with eye drops and contact lenses are placed on the eyes. The patient looks inside a large empty bowl and then a light flashes, first in the dark and then with a light turned on inside the bowl. The contact lenses sense small electrical signals generated by the retina when the light flashes.
  • Blood test to examine DNA for genetic study of XLRS.

Family members will provide a blood sample for genetic study.

Detailed Description

Objectives:

The overall goal of this protocol is to better understand the etiology of XLRS disease to facilitate further research to identify a potential treatment for the disease. The specific primary objectives of this study are to:

  1. Investigate the relationship between genotype and phenotype in X-Linked Retinoschisis by correlating four phenotype severity classes with two classes of genotypes (refer to Section 7. for definitions). This is the first step in developing a comprehensive genotype-phenotype correlation.
  2. Characterize the anatomical and functional characteristics of retinoschisis to refine the phenotype scale and investigate and characterize specific XLRS1 mutations to generate a well-documented genotype-phenotype correlation map.

With the opportunity to study the genotypes and phenotypes of many affected males and the genotype of family members, a secondary objective of this study will be to develop a detailed pedigree for affected families. This information may be used to develop preliminary risk estimates for potential carrier females.

Study Population:

Up to 500 participants may enroll in this study. A minimum of 150 of participants are expected to be males diagnosed with X-Linked Retinoschisis. Participants may be recruited from the NIH and also from participating off-site locations. The quality of the genetic observation is directly proportional to the number of affected individuals and genetically-different families enrolled.

Design:

This natural history, multi-center, registry study to enroll males diagnosed with X-Linked Retinoschisis and the family members of affected individuals. Onsite affected males will undergo clinical examination and have their blood drawn for genotyping. Onsite unaffected participants will undergo eye examinations. Blood may also be drawn from the onsite unaffected participants but this is not required. Sites outside of NIH are participating as referral centers to accumulate the cohort. Offsite affected male participants will forward a blood sample and records from previous eye examinations to the NEI for review and analysis. Offsite unaffected participants will forward records from previous eye examinations and may provide a blood sample although this is not required.

Outcome Measures:

The primary outcome is the categorization of the proband s genotype and phenotype and determination of the relationship between the two.

Study Type Observational
Study Design Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Target Follow-Up Duration Not Provided
Biospecimen Not Provided
Sampling Method Non-Probability Sample
Study Population Up to 500 participants may enroll in this study. A minimum of 150 of participants are expected to be males diagnosed with X-Linked Retinoschisis. Participants may be recruited from the NIH and also from participating off-site locations.
Condition Retinoschisis
Intervention Not Provided
Study Groups/Cohorts 1 Affected males and family members
Up to 500 participants, including a minimum of 150 males diagnosed with XLRS
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
500
Original Enrollment Same as current
Study Completion Date Not Provided
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Eligible participants must satisfy one of the criteria below:

  • Male diagnosed with X-Linked Juvenile Retinoschisis (proband). A proband will be defined as the first X-Linked Juvenile Retinoschisis diagnosed male in a given family who contacts the NIH for participation in the study; or
  • Female who is a suspected carrier (i.e., mother of proband); or
  • Other relative of proband including affected and unaffected males and females.

The participant (or the participant s legal guardian) understands and signs this protocol s informed consent document and minor participants between the ages of 7 and 17 must provide assent.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Affected males will be ineligible for participation if:

  • The participant has a significant media opacity or other obstruction precluding a complete fundus examination including retinal photography.
  • The participant is unwilling or unable to contribute a blood sample for genotyping if there is not existing genetic analysis data from a documented family member.

Both affected and unaffected individuals will be ineligible for participation if:

  • The participant is younger than two years (seen at the NIH) or younger than nine months (participating offsite through medical record review and blood submission).
  • The participant is unable to cooperate with study procedures without anesthesia.
Sex/Gender
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages 1 Year and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers No
Contacts
Contact: Delphine Blain, M.D. (301) 496-1410 dblain@mail.nih.gov
Contact: Catherine A Cukras, M.D. (301) 435-5061 cukrasc@mail.nih.gov
Listed Location Countries United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT00055029
Other Study ID Numbers 030033
03-EI-0033
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement Not Provided
Responsible Party National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Eye Institute (NEI) )
Study Sponsor National Eye Institute (NEI)
Collaborators Not Provided
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Catherine A Cukras, M.D. National Eye Institute (NEI)
PRS Account National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Verification Date October 18, 2019