Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Evaluation of Stress Disorders

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00050804
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 20, 2002
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2008
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 19, 2002
First Posted Date  ICMJE December 20, 2002
Last Update Posted Date March 4, 2008
Study Start Date  ICMJE December 2002
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Evaluation of Stress Disorders
Official Title  ICMJE Efficacy of an SSRI in Acute Stress Disorder and PTSD
Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to examine the short-term consequences of trauma and to determine the effectiveness of the drug sertraline in preventing and treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and acute stress disorder (ASD) symptoms.

ASD and PTSD are common consequences of exposure to traumatic events. Despite growing evidence of neurobiological dysfunction in ASD and PTSD, the origin of these disorders is still unknown. This study will attempt to identify psychophysiological markers of ASD and find an effective treatment for its symptoms.

Victims of serious motor vehicle collisions will be evaluated with clinical assessments and standardized questionnaires within 2 weeks after the accident. Symptoms of exaggerated startle, emotional reactivity to trauma-related and trauma-unrelated cues, and cerebellum functioning will be evaluated. Participants will be randomized to receive either sertraline or placebo (an inactive sugar pill) for 8 weeks. Psychometric testing and psychological evaluations will be conducted 4, 10, and 14 weeks after the accident and after a 2-week taper of the study medication.

Detailed Description

Acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common consequences of exposure to traumatic events. Despite growing evidence of neurobiological dysfunction in ASD and PTSD, the pathogenesis of these disorders is still unknown. Drs. Osuch and Ursano (Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences) have received support to conduct a 14-week study that will investigate the efficacy of the serotonergic medication sertraline (Zoloft) in the treatment and prevention of posttraumatic psychiatric sequelae in ASD victims. The present project is an amendment to Drs. Osuch and Ursano's study. It will attempt to identify early psychological and neurobiological abnormalities in ASD. More specifically, the present project will examine to what extent sensitization and conditioning processes, as well as emotional dysregulation, contribute to ASD. We also propose to investigate the potential association between cerebellum dysfunction and peritraumatic dissociations. To accomplish this goal, a series of three experiments will be implemented to investigate: 1) the symptom of exaggerated startle; 2) emotional reactivity to trauma-related and trauma-unrelated cues; and 3) cerebellum functioning using eyeblink conditioning. This study will inform on the short-term consequences of trauma, will help identify potential psychophysiological markers of ASD that emerge following trauma, and will examine the effects of an SSRI on preventing trauma-related neurobiological deficits.

We specifically propose to:

  1. Characterize psychophysiological responses in ASD victims shortly after trauma;
  2. Assess the effect of sertraline treatment on these psychophysiological responses.

To accomplish aim 1, non-treated ASD victims will be compared to two control groups, a non-ASD trauma group and a non-trauma healthy group. The two control groups will be used to disentangle the effect of trauma from the effect of acute stress disorder. To accomplish aim 2, the ASD sertraline group will be compared to the ASD placebo group following treatment.

Forty victims of serious motor vehicle collision (MVC) with ASD will be recruited from a community hospital emergency room and evaluated with clinical assessments, and standardized questionnaires within 2 weeks after the MVC. The subjects will then be randomized to either sertraline or placebo for 8 weeks duration. Psychometric testing and psychological evaluations will be conducted at 4, 10 weeks post-MVC, and after a 2-week taper of the medication and 2 more weeks (14 weeks post-MVC).

We hypothesize that ASD patients will show:

An enhancement or sensitization of baseline startle;

An increase in autonomic arousal and in startle amplitude to trauma-related cues;

A delayed eyeblink conditioning;

Normalization of these deficits after sertraline treatment.

This preliminary study is expected to lay the groundwork for a larger study of the early impact of traumatic events on psychophysiological and psychological processes. In the long-term, we expect to 1) better characterize the onset of symptoms and their evolution over time following trauma, 2) identify psychophysiological markers for PTSD, 3) identify ASD victims at-risk for PTSD, and 4) improve our ability to prevent the development of chronic psychopathology following trauma.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 4
Study Design  ICMJE Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Acute Traumatic Stress Disorders
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: sertraline
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June¬†23,¬†2005)
80
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Study Completion Date  ICMJE February 2004
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Subjects will be above seventh grade education level aged 18-65 years old and free of current or past psychopathology and organic central nervous system disorders that may interfere with the tests.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Ongoing medical illness that may interfere with the tests; psychiatric or neurological disorder (including seizure); Past or current substance abuse; Current psychotropic medication; current medication that may interfere with the tests; Impaired hearing; major uncorrected visual impairment, or migraine headache.

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE Child, Adult, Older Adult
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00050804
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 030036
03-M-0036
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Verification Date February 2004

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP