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Cancer in Inherited Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00027274
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 30, 2001
Last Update Posted : March 26, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date November 29, 2001
First Posted Date November 30, 2001
Last Update Posted Date March 26, 2020
Actual Study Start Date November 28, 2001
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: December 19, 2017)
  • Cohort of Families with IBMFS [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]
    Establish a cohort of families with IBMFS
  • Biology of Patients Compared with Healthy Controls [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]
    Compare biology of IBMFS patients with general populations
  • Differences Between Patients and Healthy Controls [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]
    Identify differences between patients with IBMFS who develop cancer and those who don't
  • Risk of Cancer with Specific Mutations [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]
    Determine risk of cancer in IBMFS patients with specific gene mutations
Original Primary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title Cancer in Inherited Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes
Official Title Etiologic Investigation of Cancer Susceptibility in Inherited Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes: A Natural History Study
Brief Summary

Background:

A prospective cohort of Inherited Bone Marrow Failure Syndrome (IBMFS) will provide new information regarding cancer rates and types in these disorders.

Mutations in IBMFS genes are relevant to carcinogenesis in sporadic cancers.

Patients with IBMFS who develop cancer differ in their genetic and/or environmental features from patients with IBMFS who do not develop cancer.

These cancer-prone families are well suited for cancer screening and prevention trials targeting those at increased genetic risk of cancer.

Carriers of IBMFS gene mutations are at increased risk of cancer.

The prototype disorder is Fanconi's Anemia (FA); other IBMFS will also be studied.

Objectives:

To determine the types and incidence of specific cancers in patients with an IBMFS.

To investigate the relevance of IBMFS gene mutations in the carcinogenesis pathway of the sporadic counterparts of IBMFS-associated cancers.

To identify risk factors for IBMFS-related cancers in addition to the primary germline mutations.

To determine the risk of cancer in IBMFS carriers.

Eligibility:

North American families with a proband with an IBMFS.

IBMFS suspected by phenotype, confirmed by mutation in an IBMFS gene, or by clinical diagnostic test.

Fanconi's anemia: birth defects, marrow failure, early onset malignancy; positive chromosome breakage result.

Diamond-Blackfan anemia: pure red cell aplasia; elevated red cell adenosine deaminase.

Dyskeratosis congenita: dysplastic nails, lacey pigmentation, leukoplakia; marrow failure.

Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome: malabsorption; neutropenia.

Amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia: early onset thrombocytopenia.

Thrombocytopenia absent radii: absent radii; early onset thrombocytopenia.

Severe Congenital Neutropenia: neutropenia, pyogenic infections, bone marrow maturation arrest.

Pearson's Syndrome: malabsorption, neutropenia, marrow failure, metabolic acidosis; ringed sideroblasts.

Other bone marrow failure syndromes: e.g. Revesz Syndrome, WT, IVIC, radio-ulnar synostosis, ataxia-pancytopenia.

First degree relatives of IBMFS-affected subjects as defined here, i.e. siblings (half or full), biologic parents, and children.

Grandparents of IBMFS-affected subjects.

Patients in the general population with sporadic tumors of the types seen in the IBMFS (head and neck, gastrointestinal, and anogenital cancer), with none of the usual risk factors (e.g. smoking, drinking, HPV).

Design:

Natural history study, with questionnaires, clinical evaluations, clinical and research laboratory test, review of medical records, cancer surveillance.

Primary endpoints are all cancers, solid tumors, and cancers specific to each type of IBMFS.

Secondary endpoints are markers of pre-malignant conditions, such as leukoplakia, serum or tissue evidence of carcinogenic viruses, and bone marrow morphologic myelodyplastic syndrome or cytogenetic clones..

Detailed Description

Background:

A prospective cohort of Inherited Bone Marrow Failure Syndrome (IBMFS) will provide new information regarding cancer rates and types in these disorders.

Mutations in IBMFS genes are relevant to carcinogenesis in sporadic cancers.

Patients with IBMFS who develop cancer differ in their genetic and/or environmental features from patients with IBMFS who do not develop cancer.

These cancer-prone families are well suited for cancer screening and prevention trials targeting those at increased genetic risk of cancer.

Carriers of IBMFS gene mutations are at increased risk of cancer.

The prototype disorder is Fanconi's Anemia (FA); other IBMFS will also be studied.

Objectives:

To determine the types and incidence of specific cancers in patients with an IBMFS.

To investigate the relevance of IBMFS gene mutations in the carcinogenesis pathway of the sporadic counterparts of IBMFS-associated cancers.

To identify risk factors for IBMFS-related cancers in addition to the primary germline mutations.

To determine the risk of cancer in IBMFS carriers.

Eligibility:

North American families (or other eligible families) with a proband with an IBMFS.

IBMFS suspected by phenotype, confirmed by mutation in an IBMFS gene, or by clinical diagnostic test.

Fanconi's anemia: birth defects, marrow failure, early onset malignancy; positive chromosome breakage result.

Diamond Blackfan anemia: pure red cell aplasia; elevated red cell adenosine deaminase.

Dyskeratosis congenita: dysplastic nails, lacey pigmentation, leukoplakia; marrow failure.

Shwachman Diamond Syndrome: malabsorption; neutropenia.

Amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia: early onset thrombocytopenia.

Thrombocytopenia absent radii: absent radii; early onset thrombocytopenia.

Severe Congenital Neutropenia: neutropenia, pyogenic infections, bone marrow maturation arrest.

Pearson's Syndrome: malabsorption, neutropenia, marrow failure, metabolic acidosis; ringed sideroblasts.

Other bone marrow failure syndromes: e.g. Revesz Syndrome, WT, IVIC, radio-ulnar synostosis, ataxia-pancytopenia.

First degree relatives of IBMFS-affected subjects as defined here, i.e. siblings (half or full), biologic parents, and children.

Grandparents of IBMFS-affected subjects.

Patients in the general population with sporadic tumors of the types seen in the IBMFS (head and neck, gastrointestinal, and anogenital cancer), with none of the usual risk factors (e.g. smoking, drinking, HPV).

Design:

Natural history study, with questionnaires, clinical evaluations, clinical and research laboratory test, review of medical records, cancer surveillance.

Primary endpoints are all cancers, solid tumors, and cancers specific to each type of IBMFS.

Secondary endpoints are markers of pre-malignant conditions, such as leukoplakia, serum or tissue evidence of carcinogenic viruses, and bone marrow morphologic myelodyplastic syndrome or cytogenetic clones.

Study Type Observational
Study Design Observational Model: Family-Based
Time Perspective: Other
Target Follow-Up Duration Not Provided
Biospecimen Not Provided
Sampling Method Non-Probability Sample
Study Population AII famiIies with a member who has one of the reIevant syndromes.
Condition
  • Diamond Blackfan Anemia
  • Dyskeratosis Congenita
  • Fanconi Anemia
  • Shwachman Diamond Syndrome
  • Inherited Bone Marrow Failure Syndrome, Aplastic Anemia
Intervention Not Provided
Study Groups/Cohorts 1
AII famiIies with a member who has one of the reIevant syndromes.
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: June 23, 2005)
4000
Original Enrollment Same as current
Study Completion Date Not Provided
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA - PATIENTS:
  • Fanconi s anemia.
  • Diamond Blackfan anemia.
  • Dyskeratosis congenita.
  • Shwachman Diamond Syndrome.
  • Amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia.
  • Thrombocytopenia absent radii.
  • Severe congenital neutropenia.
  • Pearson s Syndrome.
  • Other bone marrow failure syndromes.
  • First degree relatives of IBMFS-affected subjects as defined here, i.e. siblings (half or full), biologic parents, and children.
  • Grandparents of IBMFS-affected subjects, specifically for Hypothesis 4.
  • Patients in the general population with sporadic tumors of the types seen in the IBMFS (head and neck, gastrointestinal, and anogenital cancer), with none of the usual risk factors for those tumors (e.g. smoking, drinking, HPV).
  • Adult patients and family members who are unable to provide consent.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA - PARENT PROTOCOL:

  • Evidence that the hematologic disorder is acquired rather than genetic. Such evidence includes temporal relation of the aplastic anemia to known marrow suppressant drugs, chemicals, toxins, or viruses (in the absence of evidence indicative of an inherited marrow failure disorder).
  • Known causes of cytopenias such as autoantibodies to red cells, platelets, or neutrophils, viruses (especially hepatitis), micronutrient deficiencies, transient erythroblastopenia of childhood, and cyclic neutropenia.
  • Assignment of the patient s physical findings to other syndromes or causes that are not part of the IBMFS disease spectrum.
  • Unwillingness to permit access to medical records and pathology specimens.

There are no other exclusion parameters not related to the primary disease.

Sex/Gender
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages up to 120 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers Yes
Contacts
Contact: Blanche P Alter, M.D. (240) 276-7239 alterb@mail.nih.gov
Listed Location Countries United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT00027274
Other Study ID Numbers 020052
02-C-0052
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement Not Provided
Responsible Party National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )
Study Sponsor National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Collaborators Not Provided
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Blanche P Alter, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
PRS Account National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Verification Date November 19, 2019