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High-Dose or Low-Dose Interferon Alfa Compared With No Further Therapy Following Surgery in Treating Patients With Stage III Melanoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002763
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified November 2011 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 19, 2004
Last Update Posted : November 16, 2011
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 1, 1999
First Posted Date  ICMJE July 19, 2004
Last Update Posted Date November 16, 2011
Study Start Date  ICMJE April 1996
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE High-Dose or Low-Dose Interferon Alfa Compared With No Further Therapy Following Surgery in Treating Patients With Stage III Melanoma
Brief Summary

RATIONALE: Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of cancer cells. It is not known whether giving high-dose or low-dose interferon alfa is more effective than no further therapy in treating patients with stage III melanoma.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of high- or low-dose interferon alfa with that of no further therapy following surgery in treating patients who have stage III melanoma.

Detailed Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the time to distant metastasis, death due to melanoma, and overall survival in patients with high-risk stage III melanoma treated with 10 MU of interferon alfa (IFN-A) for 4 weeks followed by 1 year of IFN-A at 10 MU three times per week vs. 2 years of IFN-A at 5 MU three times per week vs. observation alone. II. Assess the toxicity associated with IFN-A. III. Compare the quality of life, costs, and compliance associated with each treatment regimen.

OUTLINE: Randomized study. Following definitive surgical resection, patients are randomly assigned in a 2:2:1 ratio to Arms A, B, and C, respectively. Arm A: Biological Response Modifier Therapy. Interferon alfa-2b (Schering), IFN-A, NSC-377523. Higher dose. Arm B: Biological Response Modifier Therapy. IFN-A. Lower dose. Arm C: Control. Observation.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 1,000 patients will be entered over approximately 4 years in this multicenter study.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Melanoma (Skin)
Intervention  ICMJE Biological: recombinant interferon alfa
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Unknown status
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February¬†8,¬†2007)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Not Provided
Study Completion Date  ICMJE Not Provided
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Cutaneous melanoma in one of the following categories: T4, N0, M0 Deep primary tumor with Breslow depth greater than 4.0 cm Tx, N1, M0 Primary tumor with regional lymph node metastases found at lymphadenectomy but clinically undetectable Tx, N2, M0 Clinically apparent regional lymph node metastases (synchronous or metachronous) confirmed by lymphadenectomy Definitive surgical resection and lymphadenectomy with pathologically confirmed adequate surgical margins required Minimum 2 cm margin for primary lesions with Breslow depth greater than 2 mm Distal interphalangeal amputation required for subungual melanomas No primary melanoma originating apart from the skin No multiple in transit metastases in an extremity No lymph node involvement outside the operative area resected by radical neck, axillary lymph node, or ilioinguinal dissection

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 16 to 75 Performance status: ECOG 0 or 1 Hematopoietic: WBC at least 4,000 Platelets at least 125,000 Hemoglobin at least 9.8 g/dL (6.1 mmol/L) Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2 times normal AST no greater than 2 times normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.6 mg/dL (140 micromoles/L) Cardiovascular: No ventricular or supraventricular arrhythmia requiring treatment No congestive heart failure (NYHA class 3/4 status) Other: No uncontrolled infection No requirement for ongoing steroids, NSAIDs, or other immunomodulators No organic brain syndrome or significant impairment of basal cognitive function No psychiatric disorder that would preclude study participation or would be exacerbated by study therapy (e.g., depression) No second malignancy except: In situ cervical cancer Nonmelanomatous skin cancer No pregnant or nursing women

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior treatment on this protocol for patients with recurrent melanoma at regional lymph nodes No preoperative infusion or perfusion therapy Biologic therapy: No prior adjuvant immunotherapy Chemotherapy: No prior adjuvant systemic chemotherapy No prior anthracyclines Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior adjuvant radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 16 Years to 75 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Austria,   Belgium,   Bulgaria,   Croatia,   Estonia,   Finland,   France,   Germany,   Israel,   Italy,   Netherlands,   Poland,   Portugal,   Russian Federation,   Serbia,   Slovakia,   Spain,   Sweden,   Switzerland,   Turkey,   United Kingdom
Removed Location Countries Former Serbia and Montenegro
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00002763
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE CDR0000064718
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor  ICMJE European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: Alexander M. M. Eggermont, MD, PhD Daniel Den Hoed Cancer Center at Erasmus Medical Center
PRS Account National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Verification Date November 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP