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A Phase I/II Pilot Study of Simultaneously Administered Rhu GM-CSF ( CHO Cell ) and Azidothymidine ( AZT ) in Patients With Severe HIV Infection and Leukopenia: Pharmacokinetics and Feasibility

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002006
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2005
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 2, 1999
First Posted Date  ICMJE August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted Date June 24, 2005
Study Start Date  ICMJE Not Provided
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History No Changes Posted
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Phase I/II Pilot Study of Simultaneously Administered Rhu GM-CSF ( CHO Cell ) and Azidothymidine ( AZT ) in Patients With Severe HIV Infection and Leukopenia: Pharmacokinetics and Feasibility
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase I/II Pilot Study of Simultaneously Administered Rhu GM-CSF ( CHO Cell ) and Azidothymidine ( AZT ) in Patients With Severe HIV Infection and Leukopenia: Pharmacokinetics and Feasibility
Brief Summary To assess the safety and efficacy of subcutaneously administered sargramostim ( granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor; GM-CSF ) in increasing and maintaining the neutrophil count in HIV-infected adults who have developed neutropenia as a result of receiving the antiretroviral agent, zidovudine ( AZT ). To assess the safety and efficacy of subcutaneously administered GM-CSF in increasing and maintaining the neutrophil count in HIV-infected adults with pre-existing neutropenia who are at high risk of developing hematologic intolerance while receiving the antiretroviral agent, AZT, for the first time. To assess the potential therapeutic benefit of concomitant GM-CSF and AZT on the natural history of HIV infection and associated infectious complications.
Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • HIV Infections
  • Cytopenias
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Zidovudine
  • Drug: Sargramostim
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications * Levine JD, Allan JD, Tessitore JH, Falcone N, Galasso F, Israel RJ, Groopman JE. Recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor ameliorates zidovudine-induced neutropenia in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)/AIDS-related complex. Blood. 1991 Dec 15;78(12):3148-54.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Enrollment  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Not Provided
Study Completion Date  ICMJE Not Provided
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Treatment:

Allowed:

  • Minimal local irradiation for tumors.

Patients must have:

  • Diagnosis of AIDS or AIDS related complex (ARC).
  • Neutropenia, due either to zidovudine (AZT) or HIV infection.
  • Life expectancy = or > 6 months.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions or symptoms are excluded:

  • Significant malabsorption as defined by greater than 10 percent weight loss and one or more of the following:
  • Serum carotene less than 75 IU/ml.
  • Vitamin A level less than 75 IU/ml.
  • More than 4 foul-smelling or greasy stools per day.
  • Other criteria of malabsorption.
  • Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) or other tumor which is likely to require specific antitumor therapy during study, other than minimal local irradiation.
  • Active, life-threatening infection with bacterial, viral, fungal, or protozoan pathogens or fever of 39 degrees C within 10 days of study entry, unless it is apparent that the fever is not due to a severe underlying infection.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded within 4 weeks of study entry:

  • Any investigational drug.
  • Immunomodulating agents.
  • Hormonal therapy.
  • Cytolytic chemotherapeutic agents.
  • Antiretroviral agent other than zidovudine (AZT).
  • Excluded within 4 months of study entry:
  • Suramin.
  • Excluded within 3 months of study entry:
  • Ribavirin.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Significant malabsorption.
  • Tumor likely to require specific antitumor therapy during study.
  • Other significant medical problems and conditions specified in Patient Exclusion Co-Existing Conditions.
  • Uncorrected nutritional deficiencies that may contribute to neutropenia.
  • Hypersensitivity to zidovudine (AZT) or other nucleoside analogs.
  • Profound dementia or altered mental status that would prohibit the giving of informed consent.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded within 1 month of study entry:

  • Transfusion.
  • Excluded within 4 weeks of study entry:
  • Radiation therapy to greater than 100 cm2 body area.

Current drug or alcohol abuse. Unprotected sexual behavior or other activities which might introduce a new inoculation of HIV during the study.

Patients must be willing to refrain from unprotected sexual or other activities which might introduce a new inoculum of HIV during the study.

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00002006
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 067A
07936
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Sandoz
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
Verification Date January 1990

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP