Natural History of Salivary Gland Dysfunction and Sjogren's Syndrome
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001852|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 4, 1999
Last Update Posted : March 6, 2018
|First Submitted Date||November 3, 1999|
|First Posted Date||November 4, 1999|
|Last Update Posted Date||March 6, 2018|
|Start Date||April 9, 1999|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00001852 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title||Natural History of Salivary Gland Dysfunction and Sjogren's Syndrome|
|Official Title||Natural History of Salivary Gland Dysfunction and Sjogren's Syndrome|
This study will follow patients with salivary gland dysfunction to identify the long-term course of this disorder and its effects on the mouth, oral function, and overall health. Saliva is important in maintaining oral health and comfort. It moistens the mouth, lubricates food for easier swallowing, provides enzymes needed to begin the digestive process and promotes repair and cleansing of soft tissues of the mouth. Decreased salivary production or changes in salivary composition may affect oral and systemic health and cause an increase in tooth decay.
Patients 4 years of age and older with dry mouth symptoms and a diagnosis of primary, secondary or incomplete Sj(SqrRoot)(Delta)gren s syndrome or salivary gland dysfunction due to radiation may be eligible for this study. Candidates will be screened with a complete medical and dental history and blood and saliva tests. Some patients will have a biopsy of the minor salivary glands, usually from the lower lip, to confirm or rule out the diagnosis of Sj(SqrRoot)(Delta)gren s syndrome and determine the extent of changes in the salivary glands. (A biopsy is the surgical removal of a small piece of tissue for laboratory examination.) The ability to taste and smell may also be evaluated, and patients may have an ultrasound examination of their swallowing function.
Participants will have a general oral examination of the teeth and soft tissues of the mouth, general physical examination, eye examination and blood tests and will fill out a questionnaire on oral health and function. In addition, they will have the following tests and procedures:
Patients will be followed once a year with a comprehensive history and physical examination, eye examination, full oral examination, salivary function assessment and questionnaires about signs and symptoms of salivary gland dysfunction.
Saliva plays a major role in maintaining oral health and comfort. Saliva is needed to moisten the mouth, to lubricate food for easier swallowing, to protect oral hard and soft tissues, to modulate oral microbial populations, to provide enzymes necessary to begin food breakdown for digestion, and to promote soft tissue repair and oral cleansing. Therefore, salivary dysfunction may result in numerous clinical conditions affecting oral and systemic health, comfort and quality of life. In particular, we will focus on individuals with Sj(SqrRoot)(Delta)gren's syndrome, an autoimmune exocrinopathy that primarily affects the salivary and lacrimal glands. A number of unanswered questions remain concerning salivary involvement in this disorder. These include the rate of progression of secretory dysfunction, and related oral and systemic complications associated with xerostomia in autoimmune and non-autoimmune diseases, and B-cell dysregulation. Also, more precise estimates of the incidence of the lymphoma development are needed.
The purpose of this study is :1) to allow careful follow-up of patients with defined salivary gland alterations so that the long term course and effects of Sj(SqrRoot)(Delta)gren's syndrome (SS) on the oral cavity and systemic health in SS may be delineated; 2) to follow the development and progression of B-cell dysregulation in SS; 3) to follow subjects to establish whether those initially manifesting incomplete criteria for SS progress toward fully meeting the criteria.; 4) to refine diagnostic tests for SS, and to determine whether those subjects who meet the criteria for SS continue to do so; and 5) to develop intermediary outcome measures for SS based on long term outcomes (loss of tears and loss of stimulated salivary flow).
Patients will return every two years from the baseline visit for a full oral examination, salivary function assessment, clinical laboratory studies, and questionnaires concerning signs and symptoms of salivary gland dysfunction. These individuals will be patients with Sj(SqrRoot)(Delta)gren's syndrome (SS), incomplete SS (patients who have some, but not all of the criteria for SS) or radiation-induced salivary gland hypofunction. We anticipate that many of these patients will also participate in therapeutic trials conducted within the branch.
|Study Design||Not Provided|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Study Groups/Cohorts||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Estimated Completion Date||November 29, 2017|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
Male and female subjects.
All subjects will have first participated in screening protocol 84-D-0056 to confirm their diagnosis and assess salivary function.
Subjects must have dry mouth symptoms (xerostomia) and a diagnosis of primary or secondary SS, incomplete SS, or radiation-induced salivary gland dysfunction (as determined in protocol 84-D-0056).
Diagnostic criteria for SS are the American-European Consensus Group Classification Criteria: For primary Sjogren s syndrome, any 4 of the 6 criteria, must include item IV (Histopathology) or VI (Auto-antibodies) or any 3 of the 4 objective criteria (III, IV, V, VI). For secondary Sjogren s syndrome, must have established connective tissue disease, one symptom (I or II) plus 2 of the 3 objective criteria (III, IV, VI).
Ocular symptoms (at least one)
Daily persistent dry eyes for greater than 3 months?
Recurrent sensation of sand or gravel in the eyes?
Use of tear substitutes greater than 3 x/day?
Oral symptoms (at least one)
Daily feeling of dry Mouth greater than 3 months
Recurrent or persistently swollen salivary glands as an adult?
Frequently drink liquids to aid in swallowing dry foods?
Ocular signs (at least one)
Schirmer s test, (without anesthesia) greater than or equal to 5mm/5 minutes
Positive vital dye staining (van Bijsterveld greater than or equal to 4)
Histopathology: Lip biopsy showing focal lymphocytic sialadenitis (focus score greater or equal to 1 per 4mm squared)
Oral signs (at least one)
Unstimulated whole salivary flow (greater or equal to 1.5 ml in 15 minutes)
Abnormal parotid sialography
Abnormal salivary scintigraphy
Auto-antibodies (at least one)
Anti-SSA (Ro) or Anti-SSB (La)
EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR DIAGNOSIS OF SS:
Past head and neck radiation treatment
Hepatitis C infection
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
Graft versus host disease
Current use of anticholinergic drugs
Failure to complete evaluation procedures as specified in 84-D-0056.
Diagnosis of drug-related xerostomia.
Age less than 4 years.
There are no exclusions based on gender, race, or ethnicity. Salivary gland dysfunction is uncommon in children and exceedingly rare in those less than 4 years old. Additionally, the evaluation method described in the protocol cannot be used in this age group.
ULTRASOUND GUIDED CORE NEEDLE BIOPSY OF THE PAROTID GLAND
Adult subjects already enrolled in this protocol and healthy volunteers will be eligible for this research procedure if they fulfill the criteria below and sign the parotid biopsy consent form. Healthy volunteers will be recruited only for the ultrasound guided core needle biospy of the parotid gland. They will sign the parotid biopsy consent form only.
Age 18 years or older.
Ability to give informed consent.
History of bleeding diathesis or the current use of anticoagulants.
Any uncontrolled or severe chronic disease.
|Ages||4 Years and older (Child, Adult, Senior)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Contacts||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries||United States|
|Removed Location Countries||Hungary|
|Other Study ID Numbers||990070
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) )|
|Study Sponsor||National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)|
|PRS Account||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||November 29, 2017|