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HER2 Targeted HypoSti.CAR-T Cells in HER2 Positive Advanced Solid Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05681650
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : January 12, 2023
Last Update Posted : January 13, 2023
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Fudan University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Han weidong, Chinese PLA General Hospital

Brief Summary:
Chimeric antigen receptor modified T (CAR-T) cell therapy still has multiple difficulties in solid tumors, such as absence of tumor specific antigens, complex immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, and tumor heterogeneity. In this study, investigators developed a novel hypoxia-stimulated CAR expression system (HypoSti.CAR) that could enable CAR-T cell effectively expand and survive in hypoxic tumor microenvironment. After accomplishment of animal model verification, investigators conduct this clinical trial in order to assess the in vivo safety, feasibility and efficacy of HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cells in HER2 antigen positive advanced solid tumors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HER2 Positive Advanced Solid Tumors Biological: HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cells Drug: Albumin-bound paclitaxel Drug: Cyclophosphamide Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Currently, chimeric antigen receptor modified T (CAR-T) cell therapy has achieved a series of achievements in hematological malignancies, however, it still has to face plenty of obstacles in more bulky solid tumors, such as absence of tumor specific antigens, complex immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, and tumor heterogeneity, which may taken together to restrict the efficacy of CAR-T cells in eliminating solid tumors. Previous studies found that intratumoral hypoxic microenvironment facilitated the development and metastasis of tumor cells. Meanwhile, it was difficult for cytotoxic T cells including CAR-T cells to survive and expand in such a hypoxic microenvironment.

In this study, investigators developed a novel hypoxia-stimulated CAR expression system (HypoSti.CAR) that could enable CAR-T cell effectively expand and survive in hypoxic tumor microenvironment,which has been demonstrated in animal models. Based on the preclinical data, investigators will further conduct this clinical trial in order to test the potential of this novel system targeting HER2 antigen in vivo. In dose escalation period, at least 9 eligible patients will be enrolled and receive 3 doses of HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cell therapy (1 × 10^6 cells/kg, 3 × 10^6 cells/kg, 1 × 10^7 cells/kg) according to the "3+3" principle. In dose expansion period, additional 10 to 21 patients will be enrolled to receive HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cell therapy at dose of recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), which is determined by data from dose escalation period, including occurrence of dose limiting toxicities (DLT), pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics, efficacy and other parameters, to furtherly evaluate the safety and efficacy profiles of HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cell therapy.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Clinical Trial of HER2 Targeted HypoSti.CAR-T Cells in Treating Patients With HER2 Positive Local Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors
Estimated Study Start Date : February 1, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2026

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cells
Enrolled participants will be given a preconditioning regimen consisted of albumin-bound paclitaxel and cyclophosphamide before the infusion of HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cells.
Biological: HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cells
Dose escalation: dose1 (1×10^6 cells/kg) ,dose 2 (3×10^6 cells/kg) ,dose 3 (1×10^7 cells/kg. Dose expansion: RP2D

Drug: Albumin-bound paclitaxel
Administered intravenously at dose of 100-200mg/m2 on day -5

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Administered intravenously at dose of 15-30mg/kg on day -3 and day -2




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of treatment related adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months following the infusion of HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cells ]
    Treatment related adverse events are defined as any medical events since the initiation of preconditioning chemotherapy. Adverse events will be graded by CTCAE V5.0

  2. Incidence of dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days following the infusion of HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cells ]
    Dose limiting toxicities are defined as HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cell related adverse events within the first 28 days that meet the following criteria: grade 3 or higher CRS or CRES, grade 3 or higher cutaneous/ mucosal toxicity, and any other grade 4 toxicities.

  3. Determination of the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days following the infusion of HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cells ]
    Maximum tolerated dose is defined as the highest dose that is less than or equal to 2 DLT among 6 subjects.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Objective response rate is defined as complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) by RECIST 1.1or iRECIST

  2. Time to response (TTR) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Time to response is defined as the time from HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cell infusion to first assessed CR or PR by investigators according to RECIST 1.1or iRECIST.

  3. Duration of response (DOR) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Duration of response is defined as the time from objective response (OR) until documented tumor progression date among responders.

  4. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Progression Free Survival is defined as the time from HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cell infusion to documented disease progression or death.

  5. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Overall Survival is defined as the time from HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cell infusion to the date of death.

  6. Number and copy number of HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cell [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Number and copy number of HypoSti.CAR-HER2 T cell are assessed by number in peripheral blood and tumor tissue.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Age from 18 to 75 years with estimated life expectancy >3 months.
  • 2. Histopathological confirmed advanced or metastatic solid tumors failed to at least first-line treatment or initially diagnosed advanced/metastatic solid tumors that have no NCCN guideline recommended standard first-line therapy. HER2 antigen expression percentage ≥ 30%.
  • 3. Have at least one measurable target lesion.
  • 4. Fresh solid tumor samples or formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tumor archival samples within 6 months are necessary; Fresh tumor samples are preferred. Subjects are willing to accept tumor rebiopsy in the process of this study.
  • 5. Previous treatment must be completed for more than 4 weeks prior to the enrollment of this study, and subjects have recovered to <= grade 1 toxicity.
  • 6. Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG) of 0 or 2 at the time of enrollment.
  • 7. Have adequate organ function, which should be confirmed within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study drugs.
  • 8. Previous treatment with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 antibodies are allowed.
  • 9. Ability to understand and sign a written informed consent document.
  • 10. Women of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, and up to 90 days after the last dose of the drug.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Active, known or suspected autoimmune diseases.
  • 2. Known brain metastases or active central nervous system (CNS). Subjects with CNS metastases who were treated with radiotherapy for at least 3 months prior to enrollment, have no central nervous symptoms and are off corticosteroids, are eligible for enrollment, but require a brain MRI screening.
  • 3. Subjects are being treated with either corticosteroids (>10 mg daily prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of enrollment.
  • 4. History of severe hypersensitive reactions to other monoclonal antibodies.
  • 5. History of allergy or intolerance to study drug components.
  • 6. Substance abuse, medical, psychological or social conditions that may interfere with the patient's participation in the study or evaluation of the study results.
  • 7. History or concurrent condition of interstitial lung disease of any grade or severely impaired pulmonary function.
  • 8. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including ongoing or active systemic infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia (excluding insignificant sinus bradycardia and sinus tachycardia) or psychiatric illness/social situations and any other illness that would limit compliance with study requirements and jeopardize the safety of the patient.
  • 9. History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  • 10. Pregnant or breast-feeding. Women of childbearing potential must have a pregnancy test performed within 7 days before the enrollment, and a negative result must be documented.
  • 11. Previous or concurrent cancer within 3 years prior to treatment start EXCEPT for curatively treated cervical cancer in situ, non-melanoma skin cancer, superficial bladder tumors [Ta (non-invasive tumor), Tis (carcinoma in situ) and T1 (tumor invades lamina propria)].
  • 12. Vaccination within 30 days of study enrollment.
  • 13. Active bleeding or known hemorrhagic tendency.
  • 14. Subjects with unhealed surgical wounds for more than 30 days.
  • 15. Being participating any other trials or withdraw within 4 weeks.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05681650


Contacts
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Contact: Kaichao Feng, MD +861066939460 timothyfkc@126.com
Contact: Weidong Han, PhD +861066937463 hanwdrsw69@yahoo.com

Sponsors and Collaborators
Chinese PLA General Hospital
Fudan University
Investigators
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Study Director: Jianqing Xu, PhD Fudan University
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Responsible Party: Han weidong, Director of Biotherapeutic Department, Chinese PLA General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05681650    
Other Study ID Numbers: CHN-PLAGH-BT-076
First Posted: January 12, 2023    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 13, 2023
Last Verified: January 2023

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms
Paclitaxel
Cyclophosphamide
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists