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Rho Kinase Inhibitor in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (REAL) (REAL)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05218668
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 1, 2022
Last Update Posted : March 2, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Woolsey Pharmaceuticals

Brief Summary:
A Phase 2a Open-Label Preliminary Safety, Efficacy, and Biomarker Study of WP-0512 in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Drug: Fasudil (WP-0512) Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The study population will consist of subjects with a diagnosis of probable laboratory-supported, probable, or definite ALS, as defined by El Escorial Revised ALS diagnostic criteria; with ALS symptom onset within 48 months; and with percent predicted SVC ≥ 50% at Screening 1. Subjects must also have an average rate of decline in ALSFRS-R at Screening 1 of 0.5 to 3.0 points/month, with rate of decline calculated using historical data (either prior ALSFRS-R score or date of ALS symptom onset).

This study will be composed of a Primary Phase, with 24 weeks of open-label treatment, and an optional 12-month Extension Phase.

After consent, participants will undergo two screening evaluations, which will occur over the course of the 8 weeks prior to dosing with study drug. At Screening 1/Visit 1 (8 weeks before start of dosing), ALS assessments of ALSFRS-R/SVC/muscle dynamometry (HHD and hand grip) will be performed, as will safety assessments. Subjects who meet the pertinent inclusion/exclusion criteria will return for a second screening visit (Screening 2/Visit 2) approximately 4 weeks later, and ALS and safety assessment will again be conducted. Subjects who meet the pertinent Screening 2 study entry criteria will be enrolled into the study.

On Visit 3/Day 1, evaluations will be performed and dosing with study drug will begin. Dosing will be initiated at 180 mg/day; after at least 10 subjects have been enrolled and safely treated at 180 mg/day for 4 weeks, subsequent subjects may be enrolled at up to 240 mg/day. Participants will have an in-person or telephone visit at Week 1 (Visit 4) to assess for safety and drug compliance. Additional visits will occur at Weeks 4 (Visit 5), 8 (Visit 6), 12 (Visit 7), 18 (Visit 8) and 24 (Visit 9), during which ALS assessments of ALSFRS-R/SVC/HHD will be performed. For subjects who do not enter the Extension Phase, a final post-treatment follow-up visit (Visit 10) will be conducted at Week 25 (or 7±2 days after early termination).

For subjects who consent to continue in the Extension Phase, visits will occur every three months, during which ALS assessments will be done.

Blood biomarker collection will occur between enrollment and commencement of treatment, and at Week 12 (Visit 7) and Week 24 (Visit 9); during the extension phase it will occur on Visit 12 and Visit 14. CSF biomarker collection will occur between enrollment and commencement of treatment, and at Week 24 (Visit 9).

Laboratory safety assessments and adverse events will be collected at each study visit.

Subjects/caregivers will be asked to maintain a log of adverse events, study drug compliance, and medication changes, which will be reviewed at each visit.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Open label, single arm
Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2a Open-Label Preliminary Safety, Efficacy, and Biomarker Study of WP-0512 in Patients With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Actual Study Start Date : December 22, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2024

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Fasudil
Oral fasudil up to 240 mg/day
Drug: Fasudil (WP-0512)
Oral fasudil up to 240 mg/day

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Through study completion, up to 25 weeks ]
    Incidence of Adverse Events (AEs] and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) as assessed by clinically significant abnormal physical examination findings; changes in vital signs; 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG); magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); and hematology, blood chemistry, liver function, and urine tests.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in the slope of the decline in percent predicted Slow Vital Capacity (SVC) during treatment vs pre-treatment [ Time Frame: Monthly from Screening to Week 12; Every six weeks to Week 24 ]

    The SVC will be measured using the study-approved portable spirometer, and assessments will be performed using a face mask. Three SVC trials are required for each testing session, however up to 5 trials may be performed if the variability between the highest and second highest SVC is 10% or greater for the first 3 trials.

    The highest SVC recorded is utilized for eligibility. At least 3 measurable SVC trials must be completed to score SVC for all visits after screening. Predicted SVC values and percent predicted SVC values will be calculated using the Quanjer Global Lung Initiative equations.

  2. Change in the slope of the decline in muscle strength during treatment vs pre-treatment [ Time Frame: Monthly from Screening to Week 12; Every six weeks to Week 24 ]
    A spring-loaded device that "breaks" at pre-set forces will be used to assess readings obtained by HHD throughout the study. Grip strength dynamometry for both hands will be acquired, and the mean force in kilograms will be calculated. Measures will be obtained from each hand in triplicate.

  3. Change in the slope of the decline Revised ALS Functional Rating Scale (ALSFRS-R) during treatment vs pre-treatment [ Time Frame: Monthly from Screening to Week 12; Every six weeks toWeek 24] ]
    The ALSFRS-R is a validated rating instrument for monitoring the progression of disability inpatients with ALS and is utilized for monitoring functional change in ALS patients. The score assesses various 4 domains including: (i) bulbar function (speech, salivation, swallowing); (ii)fine motor task (handwriting, cutting food and handling utensils, with or without gastrostomy, dressing and hygiene); (iii) gross motor task (turning in bed, walking, climbing stairs); and (iv)respiratory function (dyspnea, orthopnea and respiratory insufficiency).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Between 18 and 75 years of age (inclusive) at Screening 1.
  2. Subject has had a diagnosis of probable laboratory-supported, probable, or definite ALS (as defined by El Escorial Revised ALS diagnostic criteria) by Screening 1, and no other cause of the neurological impairment has been identified by Screening 2.
  3. Average decrease in ALSFRS-R of 0.5 to 3 (inclusive) points per month, calculated using the most recent historical ALSFRS-R score from at least 3 months prior to Screening 1. If there is no qualifying previous score, an estimated rate will be calculated using the historical date of ALS symptom onset (weakness and/or dysarthria and/or dysphagia).
  4. Percent predicted SVC ≥ 50% at Screening 1.
  5. ALS symptom onset (weakness and/or dysarthria, and/or dysphagia) within 48 months of Screening 1.
  6. Subjects taking riluzole, edaravone, or phenylbutyrate (PB) and/or tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) may be included if the following criteria are met at Screening 1, and there is no change in treatment between Screening 1 and Enrollment:

    • Stable dose of riluzole for at least 30 days;
    • Stable dose of edaravone for at least 3 cycles; and/or
    • Stable dose of PB and/or TUDCA for at least 90 days

    Subjects taking any of these drugs prior to screening who intend to discontinue them before starting the study must have discontinued the drug(s) at least 28 days before Screening 1.

  7. Women of childbearing potential (WCBP) must agree to abstain from sex or use an adequate method of contraception for the duration of the screening period, the study drug treatment period, and for 28 days after the last dose of study drug.
  8. Males must agree to abstain from sex with WCBP or use an adequate method of contraception for the duration of the study drug treatment period and for 75 days after.
  9. Capable of providing informed consent and following trial procedures (where subject consents but is unable to sign the informed consent a legally authorized representative (LAR)/surrogate must sign on their behalf).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. ALSFRS-R < 24 at Screening 1.
  2. Expected change in dosing of riluzole, edaravone, or PB and/or TUDCA between Screening 1 and the end of the study.
  3. Presence of other causes of neuromuscular weakness or other neurodegenerative diseases that could interfere with the objectives of the study or the safety of the subject, in the opinion of the Investigator.
  4. Mechanical ventilation via tracheostomy. (Use of non-invasive ventilation e.g., continuous positive airway pressure, non-invasive bi-level positive airway pressure or non-invasive volume ventilation is not an exclusion).
  5. Any medical condition (including cardiovascular, hematologic, renal, hepatic, or psychiatric diseases) that in the opinion of the Investigator would disallow safe participation in the trial or interpretation of the study results.
  6. Suicidal ideation per the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) that in the opinion of the Investigator would pose a safety risk.
  7. ALT ≥ 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≥ 3 x ULN at Screening 2.
  8. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 45 mL/min/1.73m2 at Screening 2.
  9. Participants who, in the opinion of the Investigator, are unable or unlikely to comply with the dosing schedule or study evaluations.
  10. Treatment in a clinical trial with another investigational drug within 28 days or 5 half-lives of drug before Screening 1, whichever is longer.
  11. Exposure at any time to any gene therapies under investigation for the treatment of ALS.
  12. Treatment with clenbuterol within 28 days of Screening 1, or any time between Screening 1 and enrollment.
  13. On more than one of the following drug classes: long-acting nitrates, beta-blockers, or calcium channel blockers. (Note: subjects may be on one of the drug classes.)
  14. Systolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure < 60 mmHg at Screening 2. (Note: in the case of a systolic blood pressure < 90 and/or diastolic blood pressure < 60, BP measurements should be repeated after 10 minutes, and the higher reading used for Inclusion/Exclusion.)
  15. Known hypersensitivity to the active (fasudil) or inactive ingredients in the study drug.
  16. Known to be pregnant or lactating; or positive pregnancy test for WCBP.
  17. At Screening 2, neutrophil count < 1,500/mm3, platelets < 100,000/mm3, international normalized ratio (INR) > 1.5 or any contraindication to or unable to tolerate lumbar puncture, including use of anticoagulant medications that cannot be withheld. For example, if a subject is taking warfarin and it cannot be withheld for lumbar puncture, this would exclude the subject from study entry.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05218668

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United States, Arizona
Neuromuscular Research Center
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85028
United States, Colorado
University of Colorado
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
National Jewish Health
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80206
United States, Florida
Lakes Research
Miami Lakes, Florida, United States, 33014
University of South Florida
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33620
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
United States, Kentucky
University of Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky, United States, 40506
United States, Missouri
Cox Medical Center
Springfield, Missouri, United States, 65807
United States, New York
Hospital for Special Surgery
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Australia, New South Wales
Macquarie University Hospital
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, NSW 2109
Australia, Queensland
Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, QLD 4029
Australia, Victoria
Calvary Health Bethlehem Hospital
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, VIC 3195
Sponsors and Collaborators
Woolsey Pharmaceuticals
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Responsible Party: Woolsey Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05218668    
Other Study ID Numbers: WP-0512-003
First Posted: February 1, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 2, 2023
Last Verified: March 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Woolsey Pharmaceuticals:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Motor Neuron Disease
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
TDP-43 Proteinopathies
Proteostasis Deficiencies
Metabolic Diseases
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Vasodilator Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors