Acceptance and Commitment Group Therapy for Unaccompanied Minors
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05218031|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : February 1, 2022
Last Update Posted : February 1, 2022
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Depression Anxiety Disorders||Behavioral: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy||Not Applicable|
The hypotheses of the study are as follows:
- The ACT group intervention will lead to increases in UM psychological well-being and quality of life compared to a waiting-list (WL) control group. This includes improvements in post-traumatic stress symptoms, depression, anxiety, stress, and sleep difficulties. (Primary outcomes).
- The UM receiving the ACT group intervention will demonstrate improvements in their prosocial behaviour compared to the WL control group. (Primary outcomes).
- At post-intervention, UM receiving the ACT group intervention will have enhanced psychological flexibility compared to the WL control group. It is predicted that there will be decreased experiential avoidance and cognitive fusion, coupled with increases in values-driven committed action, present moment awareness and self-as-context. (Secondary outcomes).
- At the 1-month and 3-month follow-up time points, the UM receiving the ACT group intervention will have retained the improvements from the treatment (i.e., increased psychological wellbeing, enhanced psychological flexibility, augmented prosocial behaviour) compared to the WL control group. Additionally, it is predicted that UM who completed the ACT group intervention will not only have sustained the benefits observed directly post-intervention but will in fact keep making progress at follow-up time points compared to the WL control group.
From the qualitative analysis, the investigators presume to provide critical insights as to what is perceived acceptable and culturally appropriate treatment for this population.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||70 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||A two-arm randomised trial will be conducted (brief ACT-based intervention vs. waiting-list control group)|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Acceptance and Commitment Group Therapy for Unaccompanied Minors: A Pilot Study|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||March 1, 2022|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||June 30, 2022|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 30, 2022|
Experimental: ACT Intervention
5-week ACT Group Intervention based on the Self-Help Booklet by the World Health Organization "Doing What Matters in Times of Stress: An Illustrated Guide".
Behavioral: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
A 90-120 minute 5-week group intervention for unaccompanied minors. Each week there will be a different focus. Week 1: Grounding, Week 2: Unhooking, Week 3: Values, Week 4: Self-compassion, Week 5: Making room for unwanted thoughts and feelings.
No Intervention: Control group
- Change in 'Quality of Life': KIDSCREEN-27 (Ravens-Sieberer et al., 2007). [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention, Post-intervention (at 5 weeks), 1-month follow-up, 3-months follow-up ]This is a 27-item instrument that consists of five dimensions of quality of life: physical well-being (5 items), psychological well-being (7 items), autonomy and relationship with parents (7 items), peers and social support (4 items), and school environment (4 items). The questions concern the last seven days and answers are given on a five-point Likert scale ('Not at all, slightly, moderately, very, extremely' or 'never, seldom, quite often, very often, always'). Higher scores on the KIDSCREEN-27 reflect higher quality of life and wellbeing. Internal consistency of this scale was considered satisfactory (Cronbach's alpha= >.70).
- Change in 'The Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale' (DASS-21; Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995; Antony, Bieling, Cox, Enns, & Swinson., 1998). [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention, Post-intervention (at 5 weeks), 1-month follow-up, 3-months follow-up ]This scale includes 21 items and will be used to assess for symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress in our sample. The Depression scale assesses hopelessness, low self-esteem, and low positive affect. The Anxiety scale assesses autonomic arousal, physiological hyperarousal, and the subjective feeling of fear. The Stress scale items assess tension, agitation, and negative affect. There are seven items per scale and participants must rate their past week on a Likert-type scale (0-3). Higher scores indicate higher levels of depression, stress and anxiety. Cronbach's alphas indicating high internal consistency for Depression .94, Anxiety .84 and Stress .91.
- Change in 'The Child Revised Impact of Events Scale' (CRIES-8; Perrin, Meiser-Stedman, & Smith., 2005). [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention, Post-intervention (at 5 weeks), 1-month follow-up, 3-months follow-up ]This scale will be used to assess for any post-traumatic stress symptoms. The total number of items in the scale are 8 items. Four of the items assess intrusion (intrusive thoughts, feelings) and the remaining four items assess avoidance (avoidance of situations, feelings). The items are scored on a 4- point scale, where higher scores indicate higher levels of intrusion or avoidance. The CRIES-13 (Smith, Perrin, Dyregov, & Yule, 2003) was found to have high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha= 0.80). Sensitivity (i.e., the probability that someone with a diagnosis of PTSD will screen positive) was found to be .94-1.0. Specificity (i.e., the probability that someone without a diagnosis of PTSD will screen negative) was found to be .59-.71. The overall efficiency rate of the CRIES-8 is 75-82.7%.
- Change in 'Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire' (SDQ; Goodman, 1997; 2001). [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention, Post-intervention (at 5 weeks), 1-month follow-up, 3-months follow-up ]This questionnaire consists of 25 items divided into five subscales with 5 items each: Emotional difficulties, Conduct problems, Hyperactivity/inattention, Peer problems and Prosocial behaviour. Each item is scored on a 3-point scale (0= 'not true', 1='somewhat true', and 2= 'certainly true'). Subscale scores are calculated by summing scores on relevant items (after recoding reversed items). Higher scores on the prosocial behaviour subscale indicate strengths, whilst higher scores on the other four subscales indicate difficulties. A total difficulties score is computed by summing the scores on all five subscales (range 0-40). Reliability of this scale is satisfactory as assessed by internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha=0.73), cross-informant correlation (mean= 0.34), and retest stability after 4 to 6 months (mean= 0.62).
- Change in the ACT Process Measure: PsyFlex (Gloster et al., 2021). [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention, throughout study completion 5 weeks, 1-month follow-up, 3-months follow-up ]This is an 8-item self-report questionnaire which assesses the process of psychological flexibility. Each item is rated on a five-point scale from 1 (very often) to 5 (very rarely).
- Treatment Adherence Measure: ACT Fidelity Measure (ACT-FM; O'Neill et al., 2019). [ Time Frame: up to 5 weeks ]This questionnaire consists of 25 items which capture four key areas within ACT: Therapist Stance (7 items), Open Response Style (6 items), Aware Response Style (6 items) and Engaged Response Style (6 items). Within each area there are items to score the therapist's behaviour as ACT consistent and ACT inconsistent. Scoring is rated on a 4-point scale from 0-3 (0= 'This behaviour never occurred', 1= 'Therapist rarely enacts this behaviour', 2= 'Therapist sometimes enacts this behaviour', 3= 'Therapist consistently enacts this behaviour'). Within 'Engaged response style' for instance, "Therapist gives the client opportunities to clarify their own values" would be considered ACT consistent, "Therapist imposes their own, other's or society's values upon the client" would be considered ACT inconsistent. A total score can be calculated for each subscale as well as a total ACT consistent score and total ACT inconsistent score. Inter-rater reliability was deemed moderate to excellent.
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||13 Years to 18 Years (Child, Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||Yes|
- Unaccompanied refugee minors living in sheltered accommodation in Cyprus.
- No specific diagnosis required to take part in the study.
- No specific cultural background required.
- Minors who provide consent.
- Presence of active psychosis.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05218031
|Contact: Maria Karekla, Ph.D.||firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Dafne Morroni, MScemail@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Maria Karekla, Ph.D.||University of Cyprus|
|Responsible Party:||Maria Karekla, Associate Professor, University of Cyprus|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||February 1, 2022 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||February 1, 2022|
|Last Verified:||January 2022|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
Unaccompanied Refugee Minors
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
Child/Adolescent Mental Health
Quality of Life
Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders