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A Prospective, One-arm and Open Clinical Study of Zanubrutinib in the Treatment of Immune Thrombocytopenia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT05214391
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 28, 2022
Last Update Posted : January 28, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Zhang Lei, Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital

Brief Summary:
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of zanubrutinib in the treatment of immune thrombocytopenia in 30 patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Immune Thrombocytopenia Treatment Drug: Zanubrutinib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an organ-specific autoimmune disease, which is characterized by decreased platelet count and skin and mucosal bleeding. ITP is a kind of disease with increased platelet destruction and impaired platelet production caused by autoimmunity. Conventional treatment of adult ITP includes first-line glucocorticoid and immunoglobulin therapy, second-line TPO and TPO receptor agonist, splenectomy and other immunosuppressive treatments (such as rituximab, vincristine, azathioprine, etc.). ITP is one of the most common hemorrhagic diseases. At present, the treatment response of ITP is not good, and a considerable number of patients need drug maintenance treatment, which seriously affects the quality of life of patients and increases the economic burden of patients. Therefore, there is still a lack of effective treatment for adult ITP, especially for refractory ITP patients, which is one of the problems that have attracted more attention and need to be solved urgently.

BTK inhibitors can affect autoimmune diseases (AID) involving B cells and non-B cells through B cell receptor, Fc receptor and RANK receptor signals, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), multiple sclerosis (MS) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) .Therefore, small molecule BTK inhibitors can treat autoimmune diseases by targeting B cells. At present, clinical studies on the treatment of immune thrombocytopenia with BTK inhibitor (BRN1008) have been carried out abroad. The preliminary results show that 50% of patients in the treatment ≥ 12 weeks and the initial dose is 400 mg BID group have reached the primary endpoint and maintained platelet response.

Zebutinib is a new selective Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor developed by Baekje Shenzhou Company of China. In November 2019, it was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to treat adult mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) patients who had received at least one treatment before. Compared with the first generation BTK inhibitors (ibutinib and acalabrutinib), zebutinib has stronger targeting and fewer adverse reactions.

Therefore, the investigators designed this clinical trial to provide new treatment options for clinical treatment of ITP.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safety and Efficacy of Zanubrutinib in the Treatment of Immune Thrombocytopenia
Estimated Study Start Date : February 15, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 30, 2024

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention ( zanubrutinib)
30 enrolled patients are picked up to take zanubrutinib at the indicated dose.
Drug: Zanubrutinib

The initial dose is 80mg/day. If the treatment is ineffective after 4 weeks, and under the condition of good safety, the investigator will judge that the dosage should be added to 80mg twice/day,or a higher dose for oral maintenance. The maximum dose is 160mg twice a day. The duration of zanubrutinib is 24 weeks.

In case of intolerable adverse reactions, such as severe infection, severe bleeding, hematopenia, arrhythmia, etc., investigator can reduce the dose of zanubrutinib, or withdraw from clinical trials as appropriate.

Other Name: The treatment of zanubrutinib

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of subjects with a platelet count ≥ 30 × 10^9/L and 50×10^9/L at week 12(Day 85) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Observe the changes of blood routine platelet count after 12 weeks of treatment, and calculate the proportion and times of subjects ≥ 30 × 10^9/L and 50 × 10^9/L.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Persistent platelet response with clinical significance at 24 weeks [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    Response defined as as the proportion of subjects with platelet count ≥ 50 × 109/L in at least 4 of the last 6 visits within 24 weeks without rescue treatment.

  2. Number of participants with clinically significant bleeding as assessed using the world health organization (WHO) bleeding scale. [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    The WHO Bleeding Scale is a measure of bleeding severity with the following grades: grade 0 = no bleeding, grade 1= petechiae, grade 2= mild blood loss, grade 3 = gross blood loss, and grade 4 = debilitating blood loss.

  3. The occurrence of adverse events during treatment (AE/SAE), treatment-related adverse events (TRAE) and serious adverse events (TRSAE) [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    The occurrence of adverse events during treatment (AE/SAE), treatment-related adverse events (TRAE) and serious adverse events (TRSAE)

  4. Measurements of antibodies and various subsets of immunocompetent cells [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    Changes of anti-GPIIb/IIIa and Ib antibody and and various subsets of immunocompetent cells during study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18 and above, male or female;
  • Conform to the diagnostic criteria of immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP);
  • Diagnosis of ITP>3 months;
  • Primary ITP with a platelet count of <30 X 109/L prior to inclusion with failure to achieve response or relapse after corticosteroid therapy, and at least one second-line therapy including rituximab >12 weeks ago and/or TPO-RAs.
  • Liver and kidney function, such as ALT, AST, BUN, SCR < 1.5 × upper limit of normal value, passing physical examination;
  • ECOG physical state score ≤ 2 points;
  • Cardiac function of the New York Society of Cardiac Function ≤ 2;
  • Signed and dated written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrollable primary diseases of important organs, such as malignant tumors, liver failure, heart failure, renal failure and other diseases;
  • HIV positive;
  • Accompanied by uncontrollable active infection, including hepatitis B, hepatitis C, cytomegalovirus, EB virus and syphilis positive;
  • Accompanied by extensive and severe bleeding, such as hemoptysis, upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, intracranial hemorrhage, etc.;
  • At present, there are heart diseases, arrhythmias that need treatment or hypertension that researchers judge is poorly controlled;
  • Patients with thrombotic diseases such as pulmonary embolism, thrombosis and atherosclerosis;
  • Those who have received allogeneic stem cell transplantation or organ transplantation in the past;
  • Patients with mental disorders who cannot normally obtain informed consent and conduct trials and follow-up;
  • Patients whose toxic symptoms caused by pre-trial treatment have not disappeared;
  • Other serious diseases that may limit the subject's participation in this test (such as diabetes; Severe cardiac insufficiency; Myocardial obstruction or unstable arrhythmia or unstable angina pectoris in recent 6 months; Gastric ulcer, etc.);
  • Patients with septicemia or other irregular severe bleeding;
  • Patients taking antiplatelet drugs at the same time;
  • Pregnant women, suspected pregnancies (positive pregnancy test for human chorionic gonadotropin in urine at screening) and lactating patients.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT05214391

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Contact: Yunfei Chen +8618502220788

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China, Tianjin
Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Blood Disease Hospital Recruiting
Tianjin, Tianjin, China, 300020
Contact: Yunfei Chen, MD    +86-22-23909009   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Zhang Lei
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Principal Investigator: Lei Zhang, MD Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Blood Disease Hospital
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Responsible Party: Zhang Lei, vice Director of Thrombosis and Hemostasis Center, Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital Identifier: NCT05214391    
Other Study ID Numbers: IIT2021047-EC-1
First Posted: January 28, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 28, 2022
Last Verified: January 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Researchers qualified can request the dataset, including de-identified individual subject data. Data may be requested from PI from 12 months 36 months after study completion.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: 12 months to 36 months after study completion
Access Criteria: Upon request to PI.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Immune System Diseases
Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic
Blood Platelet Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Purpura, Thrombocytopenic
Blood Coagulation Disorders
Thrombotic Microangiopathies
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Autoimmune Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Skin Manifestations
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action