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Avatrombopag in the Treatment of Adult Immune Thrombocytopenia With Autoantibodies

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04993885
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 6, 2021
Last Update Posted : August 6, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Zhang Lei, Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital

Brief Summary:
This prospective, open-label, single-center, one-arm clinical trial aims at evaluating the efficacy and safety of avatrombopag in Chinese adult Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP) patients with autoantibodies fail (due to intolerance or resistance) to eltrombopag or herombopag treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Immune Thrombocytopenia Autoantibodies Evan Syndrome Connective Tissue Diseases Drug: Avatrombopag Phase 4

Detailed Description:

This prospective, open-label, single-center, one-arm clinical trial aims at evaluating the efficacy and safety of avatrombopag in Chinese adult ITP patients with autoantibodies fail (due to intolerance or resistance) to eltrombopag or herombopag treatment.

The subjects include ITP secondary to connective tissue diseases (including but not limited to systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjogren's syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis), primary ITP with positive antinuclear antibody but not up to the diagnostic criteria of connective tissue diseases, primary Evans syndrome, Evans syndrome secondary to connective tissue diseases, and primary ITP with positive Coomb's test but not up to the diagnostic criteria of Evans syndrome.

Fifty-two eligible subjects will be enrolled in this study. The dose will be adjusted according to the platelet count during the period from week 1 to week 12.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 52 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy and Safety of Avatrombopag in the Treatment of Adult Immune Thrombocytopenia With Autoantibodies Fail to Eltrombopag or Herombopag Treatment: a Single-center, Prospective, One-arm Clinical Trial
Estimated Study Start Date : September 1, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 31, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 30, 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment group
Fifty-two subjects will be enrolled with the indicated treatment dose of avatrombopag
Drug: Avatrombopag
The subjects will receive avatrombopag treatment with an initial dose of 40mg once a day. Platelet counts will be obtained weekly during the first 4 weeks and then every 2 weeks until week 12 after treatment. The dose adjustment range is 20 mg per week to 40 mg per day to maintain the platelet level between 30×10^9/L and 200×10^9/L. If the platelet count does not reach to 30×10^9/L after taking avatrombopag 40mg once a day for 4 consecutive weeks, the treatment will be stopped.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Platelet response [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment (Day 1) up to the end of week 12. ]
    Percentage of participants achieving a platelet count >=30×10^9/L and at least doubling of the baseline count within 12 weeks of treatment.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Platelet response [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment (Day 1) up to the end of week 12. ]
    Proportion of subjects who achieve response (R) within 1, 2, 4 and 8 weeks of treatment.

  2. Platelet response [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment (Day 1) up to the end of week 12. ]
    Proportion of subjects who achieve complete response (CR) within 4, 8 and 12 weeks of treatment.

  3. Duration of platelet response [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment (Day 1) up to the end of week 12. ]
    Proportion of subjects with a platelet count >=30×10^9/L for at least 4 consecutive weeks during the 12 week treatment period without remedial treatment.

  4. Platelet response [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment (Day 1) up to the end of week 12. ]
    Percentage of participants achieving a platelet count >=50×10^9/L within 12 weeks of treatment.

  5. Time to platelet response [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment (Day 1) up to the end of week 12. ]
    Time to response is defined as time from the start of treatment to the first time of achieving a platelet count >= 30×10^9/L and at least doubling of the baseline count during the whole 12 weeks.

  6. Duration of platelet response [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment (Day 1) up to the end of week 12. ]
    Total duration of time a participant with a response of R.

  7. Proportion of patients receiving remedial treatment. [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment (Day 1) up to the end of week 12. ]
    Proportion of patients receiving remedial treatment.

  8. Bleeding score [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment (Day 1) up to the end of week 12. ]
    The incidence and grade of bleeding symptoms according to the World Health Organization Bleeding Scale.

  9. Changes of disease activity index in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment (Day 1) up to the end of week 12. ]
    The proportion of subjects with improvement of disease activity index in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus according to the SLEDAI standard.

  10. The improvement of symptoms [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment (Day 1) up to the end of week 12. ]
    The proportion of subjects with improvement of symptoms including skin symptom, joint pain, dry mouth and dry eyes.

  11. Improvement in immune indexes [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment (Day 1) up to the end of week 12. ]
    The proportion of subjects with improvement immune indexes including antinuclear antibody, extractable nuclear antigens spectrum and Coomb's test.

  12. Discontinuation rate of glucocorticoids [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment (Day 1) up to the end of week 12. ]
    The proportion of subjects with discontinuation use of glucocorticoids.

  13. Functional assessment of chronic illness therapy-fatigue [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment (Day 1) up to the end of week 12. ]
    In all participants, functional assessment of chronic illness therapy-fatigue questionnaire will be used to assess the health related quality of life before and after treatment.

  14. ITP-Patient Assessment Questionnaire [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment (Day 1) up to the end of week 12. ]
    In all participants, ITP-Patient Assessment Questionnaire will be used to assess the health related quality of life before and after treatment.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Incidence of Toxicity [ Time Frame: From the start of study treatment (Day 1) up to the end of week 12. ]
    The proportion of subjects with specific pre-defined toxicity, including headache, fever, nausea and abdominal pain, and unpredictable toxicity.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The patients have provided written informed consent prior to enrollment.
  • Men and women greater than or equal to 18 years of age.
  • Diagnosed as ITP secondary to connective tissue diseases (including but not limited to systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjogren's syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis), primary ITP with positive antinuclear antibody but not up to the diagnostic criteria of connective tissue diseases, primary Evans syndrome, Evans syndrome secondary to connective tissue diseases, and primary ITP with positive Coomb's test but not up to the diagnostic criteria of Evans syndrome.
  • Platelet count<30 ×10^9/L at screening.
  • Patients who have previously failed to receive Eltrombopag or Herombopag [poor efficacy (Eltrombopag 75 mg/d or Herombopag 7.5 mg/D, at least 4 weeks), or the efficacy cannot be maintained], or who have contraindications, can not tolerate or refuse Eltrombopag or Herombopag treatment.
  • Treatment for ITP (including but not limited to glucocorticoids, recombinant human thrombopoietin, and other thrombopoietin receptor agonists other than Avatrombopag) must be completed before enrollment, or the dose must be stable or in a phase of reduction within 2 weeks before enrollment.
  • Effective contraceptive measures will be taken during the clinical trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with active thyroid disease requiring treatment.
  • Patients with any prior history of arterial or venous thrombosis within 3 months, and with any of the following risk factors: cancer, Factor V Leiden, ATIII deficiency, or patients who are using anticoagulants or antiplatelet drugs at the beginning of screening.
  • Those who had received rituximab within 3 months.
  • Patients who had failed to respond to the previous use of Avatrombopag (40mg once a day for more than 4 weeks).
  • Subjects known to be allergic to Avatrombopag or any of its excipients.
  • Patients who had received splenectomy within 3 months or have splenectomy plan within 3 months.
  • Patients with lupus encephalopathy or lupus nephritis.
  • Patients with cataract.
  • Patients with infectious fever (including but not limited to pulmonary infection) within 1 month or with active infection during screening.
  • Existing hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus replication or HIV infection.
  • Severe liver dysfunction (alanine aminotransferase or glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase > 3×ULN).
  • Patients with severe cardiac or pulmonary dysfunction.
  • Severe renal damage (creatinine clearance < 30 ml/min).
  • There are surgical planners during the study.
  • History of psychiatric disorder.
  • Pregnant or lactating women or those planning to be pregnant during the trial.
  • Patients with a history of drug/alcohol abuse (within 2 years before the study).
  • Patients that had participated in other experimental researches within one month before enrollment.
  • Any other circumstances that the investigator considers that the patient is not suitable to participate in the trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04993885


Contacts
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Contact: Rongfeng Fu, M.D. +862223909009 furongfeng@ihcams.ac.cn
Contact: Lei Zhang, M.D. +862223909240 zhanglei1@ihcams.ac.cn

Locations
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China, Tianjin
Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital Recruiting
Tianjin, Tianjin, China, 300020
Contact: Rongfeng Fu, MD    +862223909009    furongfeng@ihcams.ac.cn   
Contact: Lei Zhang, MD    +862223909240    zhanglei1@ihcams.ac.cn   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Lei Zhang, M.D. Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital
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Responsible Party: Zhang Lei, Professor/Vice director of Thrombosis &Hemostasis Center, Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04993885    
Other Study ID Numbers: IIT2021033
First Posted: August 6, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 6, 2021
Last Verified: August 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Thrombocytopenia
Immune System Diseases
Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic
Connective Tissue Diseases
Blood Platelet Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Purpura, Thrombocytopenic
Purpura
Blood Coagulation Disorders
Thrombotic Microangiopathies
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Autoimmune Diseases
Hemorrhage
Pathologic Processes
Skin Manifestations