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Assessment of the Schema of Retreatment With Lutathera® in Patients With New Progression of Intestinal Well-differenciated Neuroendocrine Tumor (ReLUTH)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04954820
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : July 8, 2021
Last Update Posted : August 6, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Institut du Cancer de Montpellier - Val d'Aurelle

Brief Summary:
In France, since the reimbursement of Lutathera®, this treatment is allowed for retreatment if patients still fulfill the criteria of its indication and 4 news cycles could be proposed. However, clinical practices are heterogeneous regarding the number of new cycles and most teams perform only two additional cycles (every 8 weeks). Therefore, the coordinator propose to evaluate the efficacy of two additional cycle of Lutathera® versus active surveillance in patients already retreated with two cycles Lutathera® for a new progression of intestinal neuroendocrine tumor and who previously received the 4 cycles of treatment with a clinical benefit.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neuroendocrine Tumors Intestinal Well Differentiated Endocrine Tumor Progressive Disease Drug: Lutathera Phase 2

Detailed Description:
The NETTER-1 clinical trial compared peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) with [177Lu]Lu-DOTA-TATE (Lutathera®) every eight weeks (4 doses) plus 30 mg octreotide LAR every 4 weeks with high dose (60 mg) of octreotide LAR every 4 weeks in patients with progressive and unresectable midgut neuroendocrine well differentiated (G1, G2) tumors (NETs) with somatostatin-receptor positive imaging (SSTRi+). Lutathera® improves both median progression free survival (PFS) (28.4 months vs 8.5 months) and median overall survival (OS) ("not reached" vs 27.4 months) with a follow-up of 42 months. Lutathera® also has an impact on quality of life. Therefore, this treatment was approved by the European Medicines Agency and is now reimbursed in France in that specific indication. Despite these promising results, progression will occur in most of patients within a variable time with limited treatment options left. Retreatment with additional cycles of Lutathera® may be an option. Van der Zwan et al. showed in a large retrospective cohort (the "ROTTERDAM cohort") a median PFS of 14.6 months after retreatment with two additional cycles of PRRT with [177Lu]Lu-DOTA-TATE and a significant longer OS than in the non-randomized control group. Interestingly, the safety was similar in salvage group than in initial PRRT: no grade (G) 3/4 renal toxicity occurred and hematological toxicities were similar to the group of patients who received the initial treatment (4 cycles). In a smaller cohort of 15 patients, Yordanova et al. showed that 8 or more cycles of [177Lu]Lu-DOTA-TATE were well tolerated and led to a survival improvement. In this study, each salvage therapy consisted of 2 or 3 cycles. No severe (G3, G4) renal toxicity or G4 adverse event occurred. In France, since the reimbursement of Lutathera®, this treatment is allowed for retreatment if patients still fulfill the criteria of its indication and 4 news cycles could be proposed. However, clinical practices are heterogeneous regarding the number of new cycles and most teams perform only two additional cycles (every 8 weeks). Therefore, the coordinator propose to evaluate the efficacy of two additional cycle of Lutathera® versus active surveillance in patients already retreated with two cycles Lutathera® for a new progression of intestinal neuroendocrine tumor and who previously received the 4 cycles of treatment with a clinical benefit.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 146 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

It's a prospective, national, multicenter, open-label, randomized, phase II study, to compare 2 additional cycles of Lutathera® versus active surveillance in patients who already received two cycles of "Second PRRT" (already retreated with two cycles).

Written informed consent will be collected before any study related procedures take place.

Patients previously treated with 4 cycles of Lutathera® will be registered after a first progression (clinic, biologic and/or radiologic) of their neuroendocrine tumor.

Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Randomized Phase II Study Assess the Schema of Retreatment With Lutathera® ([177LU]LU-DOTA-TATE) in Patients With New Progression of Intestinal Well-differenciated Neuroendocrine Tumor
Estimated Study Start Date : September 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2029


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Experimental arm
2 additional infusions of Lutathera® according to the marketing authorization schema
Drug: Lutathera
2 additional infusions of Lutathera®

No Intervention: Control arm
No treatment with active monitoring (clinical, biological and radiological follow-up) every 2 months.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluate the efficacy of two additional cycles of Lutathera® (one injection every two months), compared to active surveillance during 6 months in patients already retreated with two cycles. [ Time Frame: assessement every cycle (every 8 weeks) 6 months from randomization ]
    defined as a change of tumoral assessment (Complete Response, Partial Response and Stable Disease from RECIST v1.1) with an evaluation every 2 months.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluate the impact of two additional cycles of Lutathera® (one injection every two months), compared to active surveillance in term of Safety [ Time Frame: during 6 months in patients already retreated with two cycles (each cycle is 8 weeks) ]
    Number and type of adverse event according to NCI-CTCAE v5.0.

  2. Evaluate the impact of two additional cycles of Lutathera® (one injection every two months), compared to active surveillance in term of Progression free survival [ Time Frame: the time without progression of disease during 5 years after the treatment, ]
    the time from randomization until documented disease progression on radiological tumor assessment (as evaluated by an independent central review by radiologists blindly of the treatment assignments according to RECIST v1.1) or death from any cause, whichever occurs first

  3. Evaluate the impact of two additional cycles of Lutathera® (one injection every two months), compared to active surveillance in term of Overall survival [ Time Frame: the time without death during 5 years after the treatment ]
    the time from randomization until death from any cause.

  4. To assess quality of life [ Time Frame: during and after treatment in both arm : every 8 wweks during the treatment, every 3 months during 1 year post treatment and every year during 4 years post treatment ]
    Quality of life will be measured by EORTC QLQ-C30 (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Quality-of-life questionnaire C30, no min and max values)

  5. To assess quality of life [ Time Frame: during and after treatment in both arm : every 8 wweks during the treatment, every 3 months during 1 year post treatment and every year during 4 years post treatment ]
    Quality of life will be measured by EORTC GI.NET21 questionnaire (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer, gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumor, no min and max values)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 18 years,
  • Histologically proven intestinal G1 or G2 neuroendocrine tumors (NET),
  • Patient previously treated with 4 cycles of Lutathera® (defined as "First PRRT"),
  • Disease control after "First PRRT" ≥ 12 months,
  • Patient presenting a progression of disease (clinic, biologic and/or radiologic) after a first PRRT,
  • Decision of retreatment with Lutathera® (defined as "Second PRRT") validated by RENATEN and/or multidisciplinary tumor board and in the scope of the French reimbursement process,
  • ECOG performance status 0-2,
  • Life expectancy ≥ 6 months as prognosticated by the physician,
  • Somatostatin receptor imaging positive imaging (SSTRi+) disease within 4 months prior to randomization: (may be PET imaging (68Ga-based SSTR analogues) or scintigraphy imaging: 111In-pentetreotide or 99mTc-octreotide. At least 90% of lesions must be positive for SSTRi with a significant uptake (>= liver of surrounding tissue),
  • Measurable disease per RECIST 1.1 (Appendix 1), on CT/MRI scans, defined as at least 1 lesion with ≥ 1 cm in longest diameter, and ≥ 2 radiological tumors lesions in total,
  • Adequate bone marrow reserve (Hb > 8 g/dl, neutrophils ≥ 1500/mm³ and platelets ≥ 80 000/mm³),
  • Negative pregnancy test in women of childbearing potential (the β-HCG dosage must be ≤ 4 days before inclusion). Women who have no reproductive potential are postmenopausal women or women who have had permanent sterilization, eg. tubal occlusion, hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy),
  • Effective contraception in men or women of childbearing or pre-menopausal age and up to a minimum of 6 months following the end of treatment,
  • Patient´s signed written informed consent,
  • Willingness and ability to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan, laboratory tests and other study procedures,
  • Affiliation to the French Social Security System

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient who did not respond (no CR, PR or SD) to "first PRRT".
  • Radiological progression after two cycles of "Second PRRT" according to RECIST version 1.1,
  • Grade 4 hematotoxicity and/or nephrotoxicity during the initial PRRT, or unresolved AEs categorized as Grade 2 or higher (as per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE v5.0) from previous PRRT cycles or any other therapy for NET, excluding alopecia and peripheral neuropathy,
  • Pancreatic NET,
  • NeuroEndocrine Carcinoma,
  • Prior external beam radiation therapy to more than 25% of the bone marrow,
  • Severe renal (measured Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) according to Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) < 40 mL/min or nephrotic syndrome) or hepatic insufficiency (Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/ aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 2.5 x ULN or ALT/AST > 5 x ULN if liver function abnormalities are due to the underlying malignancy and/or total serum bilirubin > 2.5 x ULN),
  • Serum albumin < 3.0 g/dL unless prothrombin time is within the normal range,
  • Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus as defined by a fasting blood glucose above 2 ULN,
  • Uncontrolled decompensated heart failure, myocardial infarction uncontrolled, stroke, pulmonary embolism or revascularization procedure, unstable angina pectoris, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, and clinically significant bradycardia during the last 12 months,
  • Hypertension that cannot be controlled despite medications (≥ 160/95 mmHg despite optimal medical therapy)
  • Brain metastases (unless these metastases have been treated and stabilized for at least 24 weeks, prior to enrolment in the study. Patients with a history of brain metastases must have a head CT scan with contrast or MRI to document stable disease prior to enrolment in the study),
  • Pregnancy or breast feeding,
  • Substance abuse, medical, psychological, or social conditions that may interfere with the patient's participation in the study or evaluation of the study results,
  • Known hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs, study drug classes, or any constituent of the products,
  • Concomitant participation or participation within the last 30 days in another clinical trial,
  • History of other solid tumor in 5 years before the inclusion excepted of cancer in situ of the cervix and skin cancer (basal or squamous cell) treated and controlled.
  • Legal incapacity or physical, psychological or mental status interfering with the patient's ability to sign the informed consent or to terminate the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04954820


Contacts
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Contact: Jean-Pierre BLEUSE, MD 0467613102 ext +33 jean-pierre.bleuse@icm.unicancer.fr

Locations
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Sponsors and Collaborators
Institut du Cancer de Montpellier - Val d'Aurelle
Additional Information:
RCP  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
HAS  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site

Publications:

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Responsible Party: Institut du Cancer de Montpellier - Val d'Aurelle
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04954820    
Other Study ID Numbers: PROICM 2021-04 REL
First Posted: July 8, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 6, 2021
Last Verified: June 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms by Site
Disease Progression
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Endocrine System Diseases