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Fecal Microbial Transplantation Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer and Melanoma (FMT-LUMINATE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04951583
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : July 7, 2021
Last Update Posted : July 21, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM)

Brief Summary:
The aim of this study is to assess the anti-tumor activity of FMT administered in combination with ICI therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Non Small Cell Lung Cancer Metastatic Advanced Melanoma Combination Product: FMT + ICI Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) now represent the backbone therapy for patients with advanced or unresectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and melanoma. With the use of anti-PD-1 (Pembrolizumab), overall survival (OS) is now 45% at two years for patients with metastatic NSCLC with a PD-L1 expression level above 50%. The OS for patients with metastatic melanoma is now 52% at five years with combination therapy of anti-CLTA-4 (Ipilimumab) and anti-PD-1 (Nivolumab).

However, only a minority of patients obtain durable responses and current biomarkers are unable to consistently and accurately predict response to ICI. Addressing these unmet needs, the gut microbiome has emerged as a potential biomarker of response to ICI. Modulating the gut microbiome to improve response to ICI is an active area of study. One way to modify the gut microbiome composition is through fecal microbial transplantation (FMT) and pre-clinical studies showed improved effectiveness of ICI when mice received FMT from lung cancer patients responding to ICI. Recently, 2 phase I clinical studies published in Science consolidated these findings, and demonstrated the safety of FMT in patients with melanoma treated with ICI.

Building on phase I studies showing that FMT is safe in patients with cancer receiving ICI, and compelling data demonstrating the potential of FMT to reverse ICI resistance, there is a strong rationale to further study the role of FMT in improving ICI efficacy in patients with melanoma and NSCLC treated with ICI in the first-line setting in a phase II study.

Our primary objective is to assess the impact of FMT on ICI response and survival. Other goals of this trial are to study the changes in the patient's gut microbiome composition and tumor microenvironment contexture following the combination treatment of ICI and FMT. Efficacy of FMT in terms of response rate and overall survival in patients with metastatic melanoma and uveal melanoma will be studies as part of an exploratory endpoint.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 70 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

This is a multi-center single-arm, open-label Simon two-stage, phase II trial in patients with metastatic or unresectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and melanoma treated with immune checkpoint inhibition.

Patients will receive standard-of-care immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy in combination with fecal microbial transplantation (FMT).

Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Fecal Microbial Transplantation in Patients With Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer and Melanoma Treated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors.
Estimated Study Start Date : September 1, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 1, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 1, 2025


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy in combination with fecal microbial transplantation (FMT).

Metastatic or advanced NSCLC: Single-agent Pembrolizumab (2 mg/kg or 200 mg every 3 weeks) in combination with investigational FMT capsules as follows: Full FMT at least 7 days prior to first cycle of Pembrolizumab, followed by supportive FMT within 7 days of the second cycle of Pembrolizumab, followed by supportive FMT within 7 days of the third cycle of Pembrolizumab.

Metastatic melanoma and uveal melanoma: Combination therapy of Ipilimumab plus Nivolumab (Ipilimumab 3 mg/kg every 3 weeks and Nivolumab 1 mg/kg every 3 weeks x 4 doses, followed by Nivolumab 3 mg/kg or 240mg every 2 weeks or 6 mg/kg or 480mg every 4 weeks) in combination with investigational FMT capsules as follows: full FMT at least 7 days prior to first treatment with Ipilimumab plus Nivolumab, followed by supportive FMT within 7 days of the second cycle with combination Ipilimumab plus Nivolumab, followed by supportive FMT within 7 days of the third cycle of Ipilimumab plus Nivolumab.

Combination Product: FMT + ICI

This study will include 3 cohorts of patients: (1) Patients with advanced or unresectable NSCLC, (2) patients with advanced or unresectable melanoma, and (3) patients with unresectable or advanced uveal melanoma. Patients with NSCLC, melanoma, uveal melanoma and will be analyzed in three separate subgroups given their differing clinical outcomes.

Each group will be treated with ICI as per their respective first line options, in combination with investigational FMT capsules.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response rate in the NSCLC cohort by RECIST criteria. [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Objective Response Rate (ORR) as defined by the proportion of patients with NSCLC whose Best Overall Response (BOR) is either a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) as assessed by iRECIST, based on RECIST v1.1. BOR is defined as the best response designation over the study as a whole, recorded between the dates of first dose until the last tumor assessment prior to subsequent therapy. CR or PR determinations included in the BOR assessment must be confirmed by a second scan performed no less than 4 weeks after the criteria for response are first met.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival at 1 year in the NSCLC cohort by RECIST criteria. [ Time Frame: At 3 and 6 months, then at 12 months and up to 2 years ]
    Progression-free survival (PFS) at 1 year as assessed by iRECIST and RECIST. PFS is defined by the proportion of treated subjects remaining progression-free and surviving at 1 year, defined as the time from registration to disease progression or death from any cause. The proportion will be calculated by the Kaplan-Meier estimate, which takes into account censored data.

  2. Overall survival at 1 year in the NSCLC cohort assessed by RECIST criteria. [ Time Frame: At 3 and 6 months, then at 12 months and up to 2 years ]
    Overall survival (OS) at 1 year as assessed by iRECIST and RECIST radiology, defined by OS will be defined as the time of patient registration to the time of death from any cause. The proportion will be calculated by the Kaplan-Meier estimate, which takes into account censored data.

  3. Incidence of treatment-related adverse events (Safety and tolerability) [ Time Frame: Safety follow-up will be maintained up to 90 days following the administration of the last study-drug dose. ]

    Safety of administration of FMT in combination with ICI in the Safety Analysis Dataset. The assessment of safety will be based on the incidence of AEs, SAEs, AEs leading to discontinuation, and deaths in the Safety Analysis dataset.

    Treatment-related adverse events will be graded according to the NCI CTCAE v5.0.


  4. Incidence of treatment-related laboratory test abdnomarlities (Safety and tolerability) [ Time Frame: Safety follow-up will be maintained up to 90 days following the administration of the last study-drug dose. ]
    Clinical laboratory test abnormalities will be examined. Laboratory values will be graded according to the NCI CTCAE v5.0.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Signed, informed consent;
  2. Patients must be able to understand the infectious and non-infectious risks associated with FMT administration;
  3. Must understand that data regarding the long-term safety risks of FMT administration are lacking;
  4. Age 18 years or older;
  5. Confirmed histological diagnosis of either: unresectable or metastatic melanoma, unresectable or metastatic uveal melanoma, or unresectable or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC);
  6. Stage IV or unresectable disease;
  7. No prior anti-PD1 treatment;
  8. For patients with newly diagnosed metastatic melanoma who relapsed after adjuvant immunotherapy, patients can be included in this study if they relapsed >6 months after their last dose of immunotherapy given in the adjuvant setting;
  9. For patients with NSCLC, tumor PD-L1 expression level 50%
  10. Evaluable disease as per iRECIST;
  11. ECOG performance status of 0-2;
  12. Ability to ingest capsules;
  13. Patients receiving systemic steroids at physiologic doses are permitted to enroll assuming steroid dose is not above the acceptable threshold (< 10 mg prednisone daily or equivalent permitted);
  14. Negative pregnancy test for women of child-bearing potential; and
  15. Highly effective contraception for both male and female subjects throughout the study and for at least 60 days after last treatment administration if the risk of conception exists

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment.
  2. Current or recent [in the last 90 days] exposure to high dose oral or IV corticosteroids

    a. Patients who require intermittent use of bronchodilators or local steroid injections are not excluded from the study.

  3. Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency (e.g. HIV, transplantation) or receiving systemic steroid therapy (>10mg prednisone daily or equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy one year prior to trial treatment.
  4. Presence of a chronic debilitating intestinal disease (e.g. Malabsorption, colonic tumor)

    a. Use of probiotics during FMT. Probiotics must be discontinued a minimum of 24 hours before FMT administration and patients are not permitted to take probiotics during the course of immunotherapy treatment.

  5. Use of antibiotics within 2 weeks of enrollment in the study.
  6. Presence of absolute contra-indications to FMT administration

    1. Toxic megacolon
    2. Severe dietary allergies (e.g. shellfish, nuts, seafood)
    3. Active inflammatory bowel disease
  7. Expected to require any other form of systemic or localized anti-neoplastic therapy while on study.
  8. Has a known history of a hematologic malignancy, primary brain tumor or sarcoma, or of another primary solid tumor, unless the patient has undergone potentially curative therapy with no evidence of that disease for two years.

    a. NOTE: This time requirement does not apply to patients who underwent successful definitive resection of basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, superficial bladder cancer, in situ cancers including cervical cancer, breast cancer, melanoma, or other in situ cancers.

  9. Active untreated central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or leptomeningeal involvement (leptomeningeal enhancement on MRI/CT imaging and/or positive CSF cytology).
  10. Has an active autoimmune disease or a documented history of autoimmune disease or syndrome that requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents.

    a. Patients with vitiligo, type I diabetes, resolved childhood asthma/atopy are exceptions to this exclusion criteria.

  11. A history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or current pneumonitis.
  12. Has serious concomitant illnesses, such as: impaired cardiovascular function of clinically significant cardiovascular disease (uncontrolled congestive heart failure requiring treatment (NYHA grade > 2), uncontrolled hypertension, acute myocardial cardiac ischemia or unstable angina < 6 months prior to study entry, and severe cardiac arrhythmia), active systemic infections, and active inflammatory bowel disorders.

    a. This includes HIV or AIDS-related illness, or active HBV and HCV.

  13. Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  14. Patient has received a live vaccine within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of treatment

    a. Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist®) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed.

  15. Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04951583


Contacts
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Contact: Wiam Belkaid, PhD 514-836-3273 wiam.belkaid.chum@ssss.gouv.qc.ca
Contact: Arielle Elkrief, MD arielle.elkrief.med@ssss.gouv.qc.ca

Locations
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Canada, Quebec
Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM)
Montréal, Quebec, Canada, H2X 3E4
Contact: Wiam Belkaid, PhD    514-836-3273    wiam.belkaid.chum@ssss.gouv.qc.ca   
Contact: Arielle Elkrief, MD         
Principal Investigator: Bertrand Routy, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Bertrand Routy, MD, PhD CHUM
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Responsible Party: Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04951583    
Other Study ID Numbers: BR-2021-FMTLUMINATE
First Posted: July 7, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 21, 2021
Last Verified: June 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM):
FMT, ICI, Advanced NSCLC, advanced melanoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Bronchial Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Melanoma
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Nevi and Melanomas