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Eltrombopag Plus Diacerein vs Eltrombopag in Adult ITP

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04917679
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 8, 2021
Last Update Posted : June 8, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Qilu Hospital of Shandong University

Brief Summary:
Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an autoimmune bleeding disorder with low platelet count. As the first choice of the second-line treatment of ITP, thrombopoietin receptor agonist (TPO-RA) enable long-term remission in 50% to 60% of cases. However, about half of patients have no response or loss of response due to unknown reasons, which can't be effectively improved by increasing the drug dose. Diacerein is a slow-acting medicine of the class anthraquinone used to treat joint diseases such as osteoarthritis. We speculate that the addition of diacerein to eltrombopag may offer sensitizer effect and maximize efficacy, and serve as an optimized second-line treatment for ITP patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Thrombocytopenia Drug: Eltrombopag plus diacerein Drug: Eltrombopag Phase 2

Detailed Description:
In this multicentre, open-label, randomized controlled trial, 100 eltrombopag-inefficient or relapsed ITP patients will be enrolled from five tertiary medical centres in China. Participants will be randomly assigned into the combination group (eltrombopag orally at initial dose of 75 mg daily for 14 days, plus diacerein orally at initial dose of 50 mg bid for 14 days) or the monotherapy group (eltrombopag orally at initial dose of 75 mg daily for 14 days) by masked statisticians in a 1:1 ratio. The primary endpoints are initial response at D15 without any additional ITP-specific intervention. The secondary outcomes include response at D28, time to response, duration of response, bleeding score, health-related quality of life assessment, and safety issue. Full analysis set, including all participants who receive allocated intervention and have a valid baseline data, and at least 1 valid post-baseline platelet count measurement, will be used to assess efficacy.This study will compare the efficacy and safety of eltrombopag-diacerein with eltrombopag monotherapy in adults with primary immune thrombocytopenia. The results of this study will provide evidence for the sensitizer effect of diacerein to eltrombopag, and offer an optimized second-line treatment for ITP patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Eltrombopag Plus Diacerein vs Eltrombopag in Adult Primary Immune Thrombocytopenia: a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial
Actual Study Start Date : September 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 1, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 1, 2022


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Combination group
Eltrombopag plus diacerein
Drug: Eltrombopag plus diacerein
In the combination group, eltrombopag will be administered orally at an initial dose of 75mg daily for 14 days, and diacerein will be given orally at an initial dose of 50mg bid concomitantly for 14 days (D1-D14). During treatment period, treating physicians will modify the dosage of trial treatment to maintain participants' platelet count at the range of 50 - 150 × 10^9/L as follows: (1) if platelet count is less than 150 × 10^9/L, continue the original treatment (eltrombopag 75mg daily plus diacerein 50mg bid); (2) if platelet count is between 150 × 10^9/L to 250 × 10^9/L, the treatment will be modified to eltrombopag 50mg daily plus diacerein 50mg bid; (3) if platelet count is over 250 × 10^9/L, original treatment (both eltrombopag and diacerein) need to be stopped, and platelet count should be reexamined every other day, and the treatment (eltrombopag 50mg daily plus diacerein 50mg bid ) will be restarted until platelet count is below 100 × 10^9/L.

Placebo Comparator: Monotherapy group
Eltrombopag monotherapy
Drug: Eltrombopag
In the monotherapy group, eltrombopag also will be administered orally at an initial dose of 75mg daily for 14 days (D1-D14), and the individualized dosage could be modified by treating physicians to maintain participants' platelet count between 50 × 10^9/L to 150 × 10^9/L.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Initial response at Day 15 [ Time Frame: Day 15 ]
    The primary outcomes of this trial are initial responses at Day 15 without any additional ITP-specific intervention. Complete response was defined as a platelet count at or above 100 × 10⁹ cells per L and an absence of bleeding. Partial response was defined as a platelet count at or above 30 × 10⁹ cells per L but less than 100 × 10⁹ cells per L and at least a doubling of the baseline platelet count and an absence of bleeding. No response was defined as a platelet count of less than 30 × 10⁹ cells per L, or less than two-times increase from baseline platelet count, or bleeding.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response at Day 28 [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]
    Responses were assessed at day 28. Complete response was defined as a platelet count at or above 100 × 10⁹ cells per L and an absence of bleeding. Partial response was defined as a platelet count at or above 30 × 10⁹ cells per L but less than 100 × 10⁹ cells per L and at least a doubling of the baseline platelet count and an absence of bleeding. No response was defined as a platelet count of less than 30 × 10⁹ cells per L, or less than two-times increase from baseline platelet count, or bleeding.

  2. Time to response [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Time to response was defined as the time from treatment initiation to achieve a complete response or a partial response, whichever came first, assessed up to day 28.

  3. Duration of response [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Duration of response was defined as the time from achievement of a complete response or a partial response to the loss of response (platelet count <30 × 10⁹ cells per L; measured on two occasions more than 1 day apart or the presence of bleeding).

  4. Bleeding scores [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Bleeding symptoms were graded according a standardized bleeding scale specific to primary immune thrombocytopenia on the basis of site and severity of bleeding by Khellaf et al (PMID: 15951296). A modification was made to exclude age from the original scale so that only bleeding symptoms were described. At each visit, we recorded bleeding scores. Routine visits were scheduled once a week for the first 4 weeks and once a month thereafter. Scores ranged from 0 to 59, with higher values indicating higher bleeding risk.

  5. Health-related quality of life assessment [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Health-related quality of life was assessed using a self-administered immune thrombocytopenia Patient Assessment Questionnaire (ITP-PAQ) at baseline and at week 12. Scores ranged from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating better quality of life.

  6. The number of participants with Adverse events [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Adverse events were graded according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (version 4.0). At each visit, we recorded adverse events. Routine visits were scheduled once a week for the first 4 weeks and once a month thereafter.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participant must be at least 18 years of age at the time of the screening.
  • Participant may be male or female.
  • Participant has a confirmed diagnosis of ITP according to the 2019 International Working Group assessment at screening.
  • Participant who didn't respond to eltrombopag retreatment (75mg by mouth once a day for 14 days) after eltrombopag previous treatment inefficient or relapsed (platelet count below 30 × 10^9/L or below 2-fold increase from baseline platelet count, or bleeding).
  • Bone marrow biopsy is performed in participants over 60 years to exclude hematological malignancies.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participant has evidence of a secondary cause of immune thrombocytopenia (e.g. leukemia, lymphoma, common variable immune-deficiency, systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune thyroid disease, past medical history of untreated H. pylori infection) or to drug treatments (e.g. heparin, quinine, antimicrobials, anticonvulsants) or participant has a multiple immune cytopenia, e.g. Evan's syndrome.
  • Participant has clinically life-threatening bleeding (e.g. central nervous system bleeding, menorrhagia with significant drop in hemoglobin). Participant has a history of coagulopathy disorders other than ITP.
  • Participant has a history of arterial or venous thromboembolism (e.g. stroke, transient ischemic attach, myocardial infarction, deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism) within the 6 months prior to randomization or requires anticoagulant treatment.
  • Participant has 12-lead ECG with changes considered to be clinically significant upon medical review at baseline.
  • Participant has severe renal impairment (glomerular filtration rate less than 45ml/min/1.73 m2).
  • Participant has 3 × upper limit of normal of any of the following: alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, or alkaline phosphatase.
  • Participant has received corticosteroids, rh-TPO, romiplostim, or immunosuppression within 4 weeks before screening.
  • Participant with any of the following conditions: severe immunodeficiency, active or previous malignancy, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B or C virus infection, pregnancy or lactation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04917679


Contacts
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Contact: Yu Hou 86-531-82169896 houyu2009@sina.com

Locations
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China, Shandong
Qilu hospital, Shandong University Recruiting
Jinan, Shandong, China
Contact: Yu Hou         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Qilu Hospital of Shandong University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Yu Hou Qilu Hospital, Shandong University
Publications:
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Responsible Party: Qilu Hospital of Shandong University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04917679    
Other Study ID Numbers: Eltrombopag-Diacerein ITP
First Posted: June 8, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 8, 2021
Last Verified: December 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Qilu Hospital of Shandong University:
ITP
Eltrombopag
Diacerein
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Thrombocytopenia
Blood Platelet Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Diacetylrhein
Anti-Inflammatory Agents