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177Lu-DOTATOC for the Treatment of Patients With Somatostatin Receptor Positive NETs

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04915144
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 7, 2021
Last Update Posted : August 6, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
British Columbia Cancer Agency

Brief Summary:
This study is to assess if personalized peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) with 177Lu-DOTATOC results in fewer adverse events than standard PRRT. Subjects will be randomized to either receive personalized or standard PRRT. Personalized PRRT will be determined based on dosimetry calculations after the first cycle. In addition comparisons, will be made with progression-free survival, serial CT imaging, ctDNA, and quality of life questionnaires. Subjects will be followed for 5 years or until they have progression and are switched to another systemic treatment (not including treatment with somatostatin analogues).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neuroendocrine Tumors Carcinoid Tumor Pulmonary Carcinoid Tumor Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Vipoma Insulinoma Gastrinoma Drug: 177Lu-DOTATOC Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Overall, 200 subjects will be randomized (1:1 randomization ratio) to receive standard injected activities of 177Lu-DOTATOC PRRT or personalized injection of 177Lu-DOTATOC PRRT. Randomization will be stratified for grade and primary location.

Screening Phase: Subjects will be screened against the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Screening by SSR imaging will be completed to determine expression of SSR and feasibility of treatment by PRRT. Once eligibility has been confirmed they will be randomized. Subjects will undergo a physical exam, complete a medical history questionnaire, quality of life questionnaires, blood work, and a diagnostic CT.

Treatment Phase: During the treatment phase, subjects will undergo 4 cycles of treatment. Each treatment cycle will be followed by 2 dosimetry SPECT/CT scans on day 1 (18 - 32 hours after treatment administration) and day 2 (64 - 80h after treatment administration) After cycle 3 quality of life questionnaires will be completed again.

Follow up Phase: At the end of treatment or after discontinuation of any cause, subjects will be followed for 5 years to continue data collection for the other objectives. Objective tumour response will be assessed every 6 months by diagnostic CT according to the RECIST 1.1 criteria.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This is a prospective randomized phase II study two-arm study of efficacy and safety of 177Lu-DOTATOC for treatment of patients with NETs who are referred to BC Cancer - Vancouver for treatment of progressive tumours.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Randomized Study of the Efficacy and Safety of 177Lu-DOTATOC With Either Standard or Personalized Dosing for the Treatment of Patients With Somatostatin Receptor Positive NETs
Estimated Study Start Date : October 1, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2027


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Standard PRRT
For standard PRRT 177Lu-DOTATOC therapy, the administered activity will be 7.4 GBq ± 10% as an intravenous infusion over a time of 10 to 30 minutes.
Drug: 177Lu-DOTATOC
Subjects will receive 177Lu-DOTATOC PRRT treatment over 4 cycles, each cycle occurs every 8 weeks.

Experimental: Personalized PRRT
For 177Lu-DOTATOC therapy, for the first cycle the administered activity will be 7.4 GBq ± 10% as an intravenous infusion over a time of 10 to 30 minutes.Subsequent cycles will be adjusted based on dosimetry calculations.
Drug: 177Lu-DOTATOC
Subjects will receive 177Lu-DOTATOC PRRT treatment over 4 cycles, each cycle occurs every 8 weeks.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determine whether personalized 177Lu-DOTATOC PRRT reduces adverse events (AE). [ Time Frame: 8 months ]
    Frequency of AEs, will be compared between the two treatment arms.

  2. Compare the 12-month progression-free survival (PFS) of subjects receiving personalized or standard injected activity PRRT with RECIST criteria. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    PFS will be determined by RECIST1.1 criteria on serial CT, and analysed independently. The 12-month PFS will be evaluated by univariate analysis but different criteria for determination of PFS will be compared.

  3. Compare the 12-month progression-free survival (PFS) of subjects receiving personalized or standard injected activity PRRT with ITMO criteria. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    PFS will be determined by biochemical criteria (ITMO) on serial CT, and analysed independently. The 12-month PFS will be evaluated by univariate analysis but different criteria for determination of PFS will be compared.

  4. Compare the 12-month progression-free survival (PFS) of subjects receiving personalized or standard injected activity PRRT with Choi criteria. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    PFS will be determined by Choi criteria on serial CT, and analysed independently. The 12-month PFS will be evaluated by univariate analysis but different criteria for determination of PFS will be compared.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determine response rate of both treatment arms with RECIST1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Response rate as determined by structural criteria RECIST1.1

  2. Determine response rate of both treatment arms with Choi criteria [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Response rate as determined by structural criteria Choi.

  3. Determine response rate of both treatment arms with ITMO criteria [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Response rate as determined by structural criteria biochemical markers (ITMO criteria) (chromogranin A, 24h urinary HIAA).

  4. Quality of life (QoL) questionnaire scores (EORTC QLQ30) will be compared between the two treatment arms [ Time Frame: 8 months ]
    For QoL questionnaire scores (EORTC QLQ30) before, during, and after treatment

  5. Quality of life (QoL) questionnaire scores (EORTC GINET21) will be compared between the two treatment arms [ Time Frame: 8 months ]
    For QoL questionnaire scores (EORTC GINET21) before, during, and after treatment

  6. Quality of life (QoL) questionnaire scores (EQ-5D) will be compared between the two treatment arms [ Time Frame: 8 months ]
    For QoL questionnaire scores (EQ-5D) before, during, and after treatment

  7. Correlation of QoL scores (EORTC QLQ30) to ctDNA [ Time Frame: 8 months ]
    To assess correlation of QoL scores (EORTC QLQ30) to ctDNA allele frequency change from pre-treatment to on-treatment, using spearman correlation

  8. Correlation of QoL scores (EORTC GINET21) to ctDNA [ Time Frame: 8 months ]
    To assess correlation of QoL scores (EORTC GINET21) to ctDNA allele frequency change from pre-treatment to on-treatment, using spearman correlation

  9. Correlation of QoL scores (EQ-5D) to ctDNA [ Time Frame: 8 months ]
    To assess correlation of QoL scores (EQ-5D) to ctDNA allele frequency change from pre-treatment to on-treatment, using spearman correlation


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. PFS and QoL scores to ctDNA levels [ Time Frame: 8 months ]
    To assess correlation of PFS and QoL scores (EORTC QLQ30) to ctDNA levels (ctDNA allele frequency change from pre-treatment to on-treatment), the following tests will be used, Spearman correlation for quality of life and Kaplan- Meier curves stratified at a median for PFS.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Able to provide written informed consent
  • Age greater than or equal to 19 years
  • Biopsy-proven, well-differentiated grade 1 - 3 NET
  • Gastroenteropancreatic tumors (e.g. carcinoids, gastrinoma, insulinoma, glucagonoma, VIPoma, etc.), functioning and non-functioning
  • Sympathoadrenal system tumors (phaeochromocytoma, paraganglioma)
  • Pulmonary NET, functioning and non-functioning
  • Easter Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) ≤ 2
  • Ki67 ≤ 55%
  • Progressive disease demonstrated by RECIST 1.1 criteria within the 6 months preceding the study.
  • Patients with other evidence of progressive disease that is not demonstrated on CT (like rising biomarkers) may be included, at the discretion of the Tumour Review Board.
  • If response to other treatments is considered adequate according to other criteria, the Tumour Review Board may consider excluding the patient from participation in the study.
  • Tumour Review Board confirmation of suitability to proceed to PRRT treatment and enrollment in this trial.
  • Positive PET SSR imaging (Krenning score 2 or higher) in previous 6 months (68Ga-DOTATOC, 68Ga-DOTATATE, 18F-AmBF3-TATE). If PET SSR imaging is not available 111In-penetreotide scintigraphy (Octreotide scan) is acceptable.
  • Adequate laboratory parameters within two weeks of enrollment
  • Kidneys

    • Serum creatinine ≤ 150 µmol/L
    • GFR ≥ 40 ml/min (using plasma clearance values)
  • Marrow

    • Hemoglobin ≥ 80 g/L
    • WBC ≥ 2 x 109/L
    • Platelets ≥ 75 x 109/L
    • Liver
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • ALT ≤ 3 x ULN or ≤ 5 x ULN if liver metastasis
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 3 x ULN or ≤ 5 x ULN if liver metastasis
  • Subject's ability to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests, imaging tests, and other procedures required as detailed in the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women and men of childbearing potential Procreation

    • Women: pregnancy test done before enrollment before each treatment cycle. And subject must use adequate contraception for the duration of therapy, be surgically sterile, or post-menopausal.
    • Men: must be surgically sterile or use adequate contraception for the duration of the therapy.
  • Patient with another non-cutaneous (excluding melanoma) active cancer requiring therapeutic intervention.
  • Curative medical or surgical treatment, local liver embolization, or debulking are appropriate options.
  • Life expectancy is less than 12 weeks.
  • Radiotherapy to target lesions ≤ 12 weeks ago or to more than 25% of bone marrow.
  • PRRT at any time prior to randomization in this study.
  • Systemic therapy (chemotherapy) within 4 weeks of PRRT and other locoregional therapies (radioisotope, embolization) within 12 weeks prior to enrollment. Ongoing use of somatostatin analogs for control of symptoms is allowed.
  • Known brain metastases (unless treated and stable for more than 3 months).
  • Co-morbidities that could, in the opinion of the PI, interfere with safe delivery of PRRT (like urinary incontinence, psychiatric illness), uncontrolled congestive heart failure (NYHA II, III, IV)
  • Breastfeeding (if patients elect to discontinue breast feeding, they can participate in the trial).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04915144


Contacts
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Contact: Administrative Research Manager 604-877-6000 ext 2818 hayley.allan@bccancer.bc.ca

Locations
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Canada, British Columbia
BC Cancer
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5Z 4E6
Contact: Administrative Research Manager    604-877-6000 ext 2818    hayley.allan@bccancer.bc.ca   
Sponsors and Collaborators
British Columbia Cancer Agency
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Francois Benard, MD BC Cancer
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Responsible Party: British Columbia Cancer Agency
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04915144    
Other Study ID Numbers: H20-03401
First Posted: June 7, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 6, 2021
Last Verified: August 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoid Tumor
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Insulinoma
Gastrinoma
Neoplasms
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Adenoma, Islet Cell
Adenoma
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Carcinoma, Islet Cell
Edotreotide
Radiopharmaceuticals
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action