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Efficacy and Safety of Three Different Doses of an Anti SARS-CoV-2 Hyperimmune Equine Serum in COVID-19 Patients (SECR-02)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04838821
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 9, 2021
Last Update Posted : May 21, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Universidad de Costa Rica
Ministry of Health Costa Rica
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social

Brief Summary:

Passive immunotherapy is a therapeutic alternative used in a variety of infectious diseases including COVID-19. Equine polyclonal hyperimmune sera is a source of neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 and a therapeutic alternative under investigation in COVID-19 patients. In the previous study NCT04610502 no significant variations were observed regarding efficacy and safety between two different pharmaceutical preparations of equine hyperimmune sera and adequate tolerability was reported with both investigational products. Formulations were produced through repeated immunization with viral recombinant proteins and contain either antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 S1 protein (S type) or a combination of viral proteins that included S1, N (nuclear), E (envelop) and M (membrane) (M type). Another investigation (NCT04494984) found that the administration of a pharmaceutical preparation similar to the S type produced clinical improvement in hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia, particularly those with severe disease.

Aim: Evaluate the efficacy and safety of three different doses of an anti-SARS-CoV-2 hyperimmune equine serum formulation (S-type) as an addition to the standard therapeutic approach in adult hospitalized patients with a diagnosis of moderate or severe COVID-19, radiological findings consistent with pneumonia and a symptom onset period not exceeding 10 days.

A total of 156 patients will be included and randomly divided into four groups, each group will receive a different dose of the investigational drug. On day 1, all participants will receive a single intravenous infusion containing the specified dose according to their assigned group. Clinical assessments, laboratory determinations that include: viral load, antibodies quantification, inflammatory and coagulation markers, cytokines levels as well as standard evaluations will be performed for each patient. Data will be collected for all groups on Days 0 to 7, 14 and 28 or at discharge after completion of treatment. The study will end for each participant on the day of discharge from the hospital.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Covid19 Biological: Anti SARS-CoV-2 equine hyperimmune serum Biological: placebo Phase 2 Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 156 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: 156 participants will be allocated randomly to either one of three treatment groups or to placebo through an internet based randomizer (Studyrandomizer.com). Participants can withdraw from the study at any time.
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Double-blind, Multicenter Clinical Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of the Administration of Three Different Doses of an Anti-SARS-CoV-2 Hyperimmune Equine Serum Formulation in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients (SECR-02)
Actual Study Start Date : March 29, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 29, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 29, 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Anti SARS-CoV-2 equine hyperimmune serum
All participants in the treatment groups will receive a single intravenous infusion on day 1 containing the specified dose according to their assigned group 12mg/kg, 30 mg/kg or 56mg/kg. Total volume of the infusion is 180ml, to be administered during a time period of at least 1 hour. Study participants will be followed during their hospitalization until they are discharged and on Study Day 28.
Biological: Anti SARS-CoV-2 equine hyperimmune serum
All participants in the treatment groups will receive a single intravenous infusion on day 1 containing the specified dose according to their assigned group 12mg/kg, 30 mg/kg or 56mg/kg. Total volume of the infusion is 180ml, to be administered during a time period of at least 1 hour. Study participants will be followed during their hospitalization until they are discharged and on Study Day 28.

Experimental: Placebo
All participants in the placebo group will receive a single intravenous infusion on day 1 containing a specified volume of a saline IV solution preparation. Total volume of the infusion is 180ml, to be administered during a time period of at least 1 hour. Study participants will be followed during their hospitalization until they are discharged and on Study Day 28.
Biological: placebo
All participants in the placebo group will receive a single intravenous infusion on day 1 containing a specified volume of a saline IV solution preparation. Total volume of the infusion is 180ml, to be administered during a time period of at least 1 hour. Study participants will be followed during their hospitalization until they are discharged and on Study Day 28.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Crude Mortality in COVID-19 patients [ Time Frame: day 7 and 28 ]
    The primary endpoint will be the difference in the proportion of deaths from all causes at 7 and 28 days after the administration of the investigational product between the study groups.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mechanical ventilation assistance (MVA) [ Time Frame: day 28 ]
    Change in MVA requirement days between study groups at day 28.

  2. Hospital stay [ Time Frame: day 28 ]
    Change in the overall in-hospital at day 28 stay between study groups.

  3. Inflammatory markers IL6 [ Time Frame: Days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, and 14 or discharge ]
    Changes in IL-6 levels to be evaluated at days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 14 or at time of discharge between study groups.

  4. Inflammatory markers CRP [ Time Frame: Days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, and 14 or discharge ]
    Change in CRP levels to be evaluated at days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 14 or at time of discharge between study groups.

  5. Inflammatory markers Procalcitonin [ Time Frame: Days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, and 14 or discharge ]
    Change in procalcitonin levels to be evaluated at days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 14 or at time of discharge between study groups.

  6. Inflammatory markers Ferritin [ Time Frame: Days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, and 14 or discharge ]
    Change in ferritin levels to be evaluated at days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 14 or at time of discharge between study groups.

  7. Thrombotic markers PTT [ Time Frame: Days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, and 14 or discharge ]
    Changes in PTT levels to evaluated at days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 14 or at time of discharge between study groups.

  8. Thrombotic markers PT [ Time Frame: Days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, and 14 or discharge ]
    Changes in PT levels to evaluated at days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 14 or at time of discharge between study groups.

  9. Thrombotic markers D Dimer [ Time Frame: Days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, and 14 or discharge ]
    Changes in D Dimer levels to evaluated at days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 14 or at time of discharge between study groups.

  10. Thrombotic markers Fibrinogen [ Time Frame: Days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, and 14 or discharge ]
    Changes in Fibrinogen levels to evaluated at days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 14 or at time of discharge between study groups.

  11. SpO2/FIO2 ratio [ Time Frame: Days 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 14 or discharge ]
    Change in the SpO2/FIO2 ratio to evaluated at days 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 14 or at time of discharge between study groups

  12. Changes in viral load [ Time Frame: Days 0, 3, 7 ]
    Change in viral load from baseline to 3 and 7 days after the start of the treatment between study groups

  13. Modified Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (mSOFA) [ Time Frame: Time Frame: Days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 14 or discharge ]
    Change in the mSOFA score to evaluated at days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 14 or at time of discharge between study groups.

  14. WHO 8 point ordinal scale [ Time Frame: Days 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14 and 28 or discharge ]
    Change in the WHO 8 point ordinal scale of clinical status to evaluated at days 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14 and 28 or at time of discharge between study groups.

  15. Anti SARS-CoV-2 antibodies [ Time Frame: Days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 14 or discharge ]
    Change in the anti SARS-CoV-2 antibodies titer levels to evaluated at days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 14 or at time of discharge between study groups.

  16. Adverse events [ Time Frame: day 28 ]
    Incidence of adverse events as measured by CTCAE v. 5.0 at day 28 between study groups.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects male or female, aged 18 and over.
  2. Acceptance to participate in the study by the signature of the informed consent by the subject or relative (if applicable).
  3. SARS-CoV-2 infection confirmed by reverse transcriptase -polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).
  4. SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia confirmed by chest X-ray.
  5. Patients with moderate or severe disease clinical presentation of the disease that require hospitalization.
  6. Being within 10 days of the initial COVID-19 related symptoms onset.
  7. Admission in the participating center within a 24hour period.
  8. Female patients of child-bearing age with a negative pregnancy test.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. COVID-19 patients that do not require hospitalization (outpatient setting).
  2. Patients who are participating in other therapeutic clinical trials.
  3. COVID-19 patients who have received convalescent plasma treatment.
  4. Critical disease COVID- 19 patients (respiratory failure, septic shock, and/or multiple organ dysfunction, admission PaO2/FIO2 ratio < 100).
  5. Previously snake bitten individuals that received any type of equine hyperimmune serum treatment.
  6. History of an allergic reaction due to contact or exposure to horses.
  7. Pregnant or breastfeeding women.
  8. Patients who, at the investigator´s discretion, are not likely to comply with study indications and procedures.
  9. Patients currently undergoing hemodialysis in a renal support program.
  10. Individuals who were previously classified by their treating physicians (prior to the COVID-19 diagnosis), of having an unfavorable prognosis with a short lifespan due to a concomitant disease other than the study disease.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04838821


Locations
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Costa Rica
Centro Especializado de Atención COVID19 (CEACO) Recruiting
San José, Costa Rica
Contact: Rodrigo Aguilar, MD    22328233    raguilart@ccss.sa.cr   
Sub-Investigator: José Acuña, MD         
Hospital Dr. Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia Recruiting
San José, Costa Rica
Contact: Taciano Lemos, MD    21014837    tlemosp@ccss.sa.cr   
Sub-Investigator: Jose Pablo Madrigal, MD         
Hospital México Recruiting
San José, Costa Rica
Contact: Douglas Montero, MD    21047555    dmontero@ccss.sa.cr   
Sub-Investigator: Henry Chan, MD         
Hospital San Juan de Dios Recruiting
San José, Costa Rica
Contact: Ileana Balmaceda, MD    25478000    ibalmace@ccss.sa.cr   
Contact: Mario Sibaja, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Juan Ignacio Silesky, MSc         
Sub-Investigator: Ann Echeverri, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Mario Sibaja, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social
Universidad de Costa Rica
Ministry of Health Costa Rica
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Responsible Party: Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04838821    
Other Study ID Numbers: R020-SABI-00268
First Posted: April 9, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 21, 2021
Last Verified: May 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social:
Covid19
Anti-SARS-CoV-2 hyperimmune equine serum
Neutralizing antibodies
Passive Immunotherapy