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YQ23 Study in Patients With Critical Limb Ischaemia (YAN)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04792008
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 10, 2021
Last Update Posted : June 28, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
New Beta Innovation Limited

Brief Summary:

This is an early phase study to assess how safe and tolerable is the new study drug YQ23 and to compare the effectiveness of YQ23 against normal saline to treat critical limb ischaemia. The study also aims to understand how it affects the body and an optional substudy to assess how the human body takes up, breaks down, and clears the study drug.

Eligible patients will be randomised to have a 2:1 chance to receive a single, intravenous, fixed dose of YQ23 or normal saline. Neither the patient nor the study site will know which treatment has been given.

On the day of YQ23 administration, patients will be asked to stay in the study site for 3 days for safety observation. After discharge, they will be required to visit the study clinic for 3 times in a year to continue safety monitoring and assessment of treatment effect.

Each subject's participation will be about 13 months after signing the informed consent.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Critical Limb Ischemia Biological: YQ23 Biological: Matching placebo Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase 1b/2a, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of an investigational product, YQ23, in patients with Critical Limb Ischaemia (CLI) during a follow-up period of 12 months.

Fifty-one patients are planned for enrolment. The study consists of a screening period (up to 28 days), a double-blind treatment period, and a follow-up (12 months). Prior to randomisation, patients diagnosed with CLI will be stratified into:

  • Group of patients in whom revascularisation is not planned
  • Group of patients with planned revascularisation

Within each group, patients will be randomised in a 2:1 ratio to receive single intravenous infusion of YQ23 120 mg/kg and normal saline, respectively at the study site.

On the day of YQ23 administration, the patient will be admitted to the study site on Day 1 and will be discharged on Day 3. The total duration of participation in the study for each patient is approximately 13 months. Data on the study endpoints will be collected from baseline (pre-dose on Day 1), Day 3, Month 1, 6 and up to 12 months after study treatment infusion.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 51 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomised, Double-Blind, Phase 1b/2a, Placebo-Controlled, Single Dose Study to Evaluate Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of YQ23 in Adult Patients With Critical Limb Ischaemia
Actual Study Start Date : March 10, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 30, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 30, 2023

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: YQ23 Single dose
Two-third of randomized patients will receive YQ23 as active treatment
Biological: YQ23
Single dose of 120 mg/kg YQ23 via intravenous route will be evaluated

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Single dose
One-third of randomized patients will receive matching placebo
Biological: Matching placebo
Single dose of 0.9% normal saline via intravenous route as matching placebo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety and tolerability of single IV dose of YQ23 - adverse and serious adverse events [ Time Frame: From the time of signing informed consent through study completion, a duration of 13 months. ]
    Incidence of adverse events and serious adverse events

  2. Safety and tolerability of single IV dose of YQ23 - abnormal laboratory values [ Time Frame: From the time of signing informed consent through study completion, a duration of 13 months. ]
    Number of participants with a change in laboratory values of haematology, chemistry or urinalysis which is of clinical significance

  3. Safety and tolerability of single IV dose of YQ23 - 12 lead electrocardiogram (ECG) [ Time Frame: From the time of signing informed consent through study completion, a duration of 13 months. ]
    Number of participants with a change in 12-lead ECG measurements which is of clinical significance

  4. Safety and tolerability of single IV dose of YQ23 - vital signs [ Time Frame: From the time of signing informed consent through study completion, a duration of 13 months. ]
    Number of participants with a change in vital signs of blood pressure, pulse rate, respiratory rate or oral temperature which is of clinical significance

  5. Safety and tolerability of single IV dose of YQ23 - physical examinations [ Time Frame: From the time of signing informed consent through study completion, a duration of 13 months. ]
    Number of participants with a change in physical examination findings which is of clinical significance

  6. Safety and tolerability of single IV dose of YQ23 - major adverse limb events (MALE) [ Time Frame: From pre-dose to Month 1 ]
    The incidence of MALE of interest. MALE include amputation (transtibial or above) or any major vascular intervention in the index limb


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy of single dose YQ23 as compared to placebo - all cause mortality [ Time Frame: From the time of signing informed consent to Month 12 ]
    Incidence rate of all deaths

  2. Efficacy of single dose YQ23 as compared to placebo - amputation free survival [ Time Frame: From pre-dose to Month 12 ]
    Incidence rate of all amputations

  3. Efficacy of single dose YQ23 as compared to placebo - MALE of interest [ Time Frame: At month 6 and 12 ]
    Incidence of MALE of interest

  4. Efficacy of single dose YQ23 as compared to placebo - Rutherford classification [ Time Frame: From pre-dose, Month 1, 6 and 12 ]
    Change in Rutherford classification

  5. Efficacy of single dose YQ23 as compared to placebo - visual analogue pain scale [ Time Frame: From pre-dose, Month 1, 6 and 12 ]
    Change in visual analogue pain scale in a one to ten scale - one reported as no pain while 10 as the most intense pain

  6. Efficacy of single dose YQ23 as compared to placebo - wound healing in size [ Time Frame: From pre-dose, Month 1, 6 and 12 ]
    Change in size as measured by length x width x depth in mm

  7. Efficacy of single dose YQ23 as compared to placebo - wound healing by transparent film [ Time Frame: From pre-dose, Month 1, 6 and 12 ]
    Change in size as measured by the number of grids in a wound tracing film

  8. Efficacy of single dose YQ23 as compared to placebo - wound healing 100% [ Time Frame: From pre-dose, Month 1, 6 and 12 ]
    Number of participants to achieve 100% epithelialization

  9. Efficacy of single dose YQ23 as compared to placebo - transcutaneous oxygen pressure [ Time Frame: From pre-dose, 2 hours post-dose, Month 1, 6 and 12 ]
    Change in transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcPO2)

  10. Efficacy of single dose YQ23 as compared to placebo - quality of life score [ Time Frame: From pre-dose, Month 1, 6 and 12 ]
    Change in EuroQol -5 Dimension (EQ-5D) questionnaire

  11. Efficacy of single dose YQ23 as compared to placebo - ankle brachial index (ABI) [ Time Frame: From pre-dose, Month 1, 6 and 12 ]
    Change in ABI, a ratio of systolic blood pressure at the ankle to that in the arm

  12. Efficacy of single dose YQ23 as compared to placebo - toe brachial index (TBI) [ Time Frame: From pre-dose, Month 1, 6 and 12 ]
    Change in TBI, a ratio of systolic blood pressure at the toe to that in the arm

  13. An optional substudy to assess the pharmacokinetics of YQ23 - maximum observed concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: From pre-dose, immediately after end of infusion, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 6, 18 and 48 hours post end of infusion ]
    Plasma level of YQ23 will be serially evaluated following dosing of the study drug to determine the Cmax

  14. An optional substudy to assess the pharmacokinetics of YQ23 - time to Cmax [ Time Frame: From pre-dose, immediately after end of infusion, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 6, 18 and 48 hours post end of infusion ]
    Plasma level of YQ23 will be serially evaluated following dosing of the study drug to determine the time corresponding to occurrence of the Cmax (Tmax)

  15. An optional substudy to assess the pharmacokinetics of YQ23 - Area under the curve (0 to last) [ Time Frame: From pre-dose, immediately after end of infusion, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 6, 18 and 48 hours post end of infusion ]
    Plasma level of YQ23 will be serially evaluated following dosing of the study drug to determine the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) - AUC from time 0 to the last measurable time point (AUClast)

  16. An optional substudy to assess the pharmacokinetics of YQ23 - Area under the curve (0 to infinity) [ Time Frame: From pre-dose, immediately after end of infusion, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 6, 18 and 48 hours post end of infusion ]
    Plasma level of YQ23 will be serially evaluated following dosing of the study drug to determine the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) - AUC from time 0 extrapolated to infinity (AUCinf)

  17. An optional substudy to assess the pharmacokinetics of YQ23 - terminal elimination half-life (t1/2) [ Time Frame: From pre-dose, immediately after end of infusion, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 6, 18 and 48 hours post end of infusion ]
    Plasma level of YQ23 will be serially evaluated following dosing of the study drug to determine the t1/2

  18. An optional substudy to assess the pharmacokinetics of YQ23 - total clearance (CL) [ Time Frame: From pre-dose, immediately after end of infusion, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 6, 18 and 48 hours post end of infusion ]
    Plasma level of YQ23 will be serially evaluated following dosing of the study drug to determine the CL

  19. An optional substudy to assess the pharmacokinetics of YQ23 - volume of distribution during terminal phase (Vz) [ Time Frame: From pre-dose, immediately after end of infusion, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 6, 18 and 48 hours post end of infusion ]
    Plasma level of YQ23 will be serially evaluated following dosing of the study drug to determine the Vz



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of CLI (Rutherford Classification stage 4, 5 or 6) including at least one of the following:

    1. resting ankle systolic pressure (either dorsalis pedis or posterior tibial artery) <=70 mmHg in affected limb
    2. resting toe systolic pressure <=50 mmHg in affected limb
    3. TcPO2 <=30 mmHg
  • One of the following clinical presentations:

    1. pain at rest
    2. ischaemic ulcer, and/or focal gangrene for at least 2 weeks
  • Documented significant stenosis (>=75%) of >=1 of the following arteries: superficial femoral, popliteal, and infra-popliteal arteries, as assessed by imaging test
  • Contraceptive use

    1. Male patients and their female spouses/partners who are of childbearing potential must agree to use a high effective contraception consisting of two forms of birth control detailed in the protocol during the treatment period and for at least 6 days after the dose of the study treatment and refrain from donating sperm during this period
    2. A female patient is eligible if she is not pregnant, not breastfeeding, and at least on of the following conditions applies: (i) not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP), (ii) A WOCBP who agrees to follow the contraceptive guidance in the protocol during the treatment period and for at least 6 days after the dose of study treatment and refrain from donating ova during this period
  • Patient is capable of giving signed informed consent which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the informed consent and the protocol

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have undergone successful revascularisation procedure within 3 months prior to signing informed consent
  • Patients with estimated life expectancy <12 months
  • Acute limb ischaemia due to thromboembolism
  • Recent myocardial infarction within 3 months prior to signing informed consent
  • Recent stroke within 3 months prior to signing informed consent
  • Severe congestive heart failure (e.g. Ejection Fractions (EF) <35% or New York Heart Association Class IV) at screening
  • Haemoglobin <10 g/dL, white blood cell (WBC) count >15 × 10^9/L, albumin <3 g/dL or other clinically significant abnormalities in the laboratory tests at screening
  • Unwilling to complete follow-up evaluation
  • Uncontrolled arterial hypertension with systolic blood pressure (SBP) >180 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) >100 mmHg at screening
  • Patients with history of long QT syndrome or whose QTc (calculated according to Bazett formula QTc = QT/ √RR) >470 ms at screening
  • Patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction of <40%.
  • Patients with clinically significant abnormalities in ECG parameters (other than QTc) or in the physical examination at screening that might comprise patient safety
  • History of coagulopathy or haemoglobinopathy
  • Patients having significant renal impairment with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <30 mL/min/1.73 m2 as determined by the 4-variable Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation at Screening, except those patients who are on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis(CAPD) or hemodialysis (HD)
  • Significant liver impairment (abnormal Liver Function Tests >3 x upper limit of normal, hepatitis B or C) at screening
  • Patients with known history of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or any other active or chronic infection
  • Patients with evidence of uncontrolled hypo- or hyperthyroidism
  • History of malignancy of any organ system within the past 5 years prior to signing informed other than basal or squamous cell skin cancer
  • Severe dementia or clinically significant psychiatric disorder requiring active treatment
  • Known allergy to bovine products
  • Receipt of bovine haemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) or other HBOC in the past
  • Use of an investigational drug or treatment within 12 months prior to signing informed consent; concurrent participation in any other investigational protocol
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding, as well as unwillingness to use effective methods contraception for women of childbearing potential

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04792008


Contacts
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Contact: Eric Nam +852 2133 5332 eric.nam@newbetainnovation.com
Contact: Yolanda Yan +852 2133 6054 yolanda.yan@newbetainnovation.com

Locations
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Hong Kong
Prince of Wales Hospital Recruiting
Sha Tin, New Territories, Hong Kong
Contact: Daniel Xu       danielxu@cuhk.edu.hk   
Principal Investigator: Bryan Yan, Professor         
Sponsors and Collaborators
New Beta Innovation Limited
Investigators
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Study Director: Billy Lau New Beta Innovation Limited
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Responsible Party: New Beta Innovation Limited
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04792008    
Other Study ID Numbers: YQ23-19001
First Posted: March 10, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 28, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Ischemia
Pathologic Processes