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Investigation of Treatment Using the MyoRegulator® Device in Patients With Spasticity in the Lower Limb Due to Stroke (SPAST)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04780191
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 3, 2021
Last Update Posted : March 23, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
PathMaker Neurosystems Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France

Brief Summary:
This is a single center, randomized, double-blind (patient and evaluator), sham-controlled study. The main objectives of this study are to evaluate the performance and safety of the MyoRegulator® device in active versus sham treated stroke patients with lower-limb spasticity after 5 consecutive days of treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Muscle Spasticity Stroke Device: MyoRegulator® Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Spasticity prevalence after stroke is highly variable, ranging from 17% to 43% three months post-stroke. In the lower limbs, adduction and extension of the knee with equinovarus foot is the most observed pattern. Spasticity can lead to pain, ankylosis, and tendon retraction which may limit the potential success of rehabilitation. Spasticity can also affect quality-of-life and can be highly detrimental to daily activities such as walking.

An initial clinical trial of safety and feasibility suggested that five sessions of treatment with the MyoRegulator® device temporarily reduces spasticity and overall stiffness of the affected extremity with optimal reductions in spasticity occurring 2-3 weeks post stimulation intervention.

MyoRegulator® is a non-invasive neuromodulation device using multi-site direct current stimulation for the treatment of spasticity. The main objectives of this study are to evaluate the performance and safety of the MyoRegulator® device in active versus sham treated patients during and after 5 consecutive days of treatment sessions. Patients can take part in an optional 3-month follow-up.

The primary performance endpoint is defined as the reduction in ankle joint spasticity. The study will be considered to have a successful outcome if the actively treated subjects demonstrate a statistically greater reduction in spasticity, as measured by the Tardieu Scale, as compared to the sham treated subjects after five treatment sessions.

The primary safety endpoint is defined as the incidence of device-related serious adverse events. The safety of the device will be demonstrated if there are no incidents of serious adverse events caused or contributed to by the device treatment that are clinically unacceptable in light of the treatment benefits.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 44 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Investigation of Treatment Using the MyoRegulator® Device in Patients With Spasticity in the Lower Limb Due to Stroke
Actual Study Start Date : July 19, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 19, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : January 19, 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Active MyoRegulator® treatment
Five consecutive days of 20 minutes active stimulation with MyoRegulator® device
Device: MyoRegulator®
Trans-spinal DC stimulation paired with peripheral DC stimulation

Sham Comparator: Sham MyoRegulator® treatment
Five consecutive days of 20 minutes sham stimulation with MyoRegulator® device
Device: MyoRegulator®
Trans-spinal DC stimulation paired with peripheral DC stimulation




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in spasticity from baseline to after the last treatment session [ Time Frame: Immediately after last treatment session ]
    Change in spasticity as measured by the Modified Tardieu Scale (MTS) after 5 treatments as compared to baseline.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in gait parameters from baseline to 3 months post-treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months after last treatment session ]
    Change in walking up to 3 months after 5 treatments as compared to baseline as measured using a gait analysis system

  2. Change in walking performance from baseline to 3 months post-treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months after last treatment session ]
    Change in walking performance up to 3 months after 5 treatments as compared to baseline as measured using the 10-meter walk test

  3. Change in functional performance from baseline to 3 months post-treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months after last treatment session ]
    Change in functional performance up to 3 months after 5 treatments as compared to baseline as measured using the Fugl Meyer assessment

  4. Change in muscle reaction from baseline to 3 months post-treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months after last treatment session ]
    Change in muscle reaction up to 3 months after 5 treatments as compared to baseline as measured using the H-reflex

  5. Change in subject's self-assessment of their spasticity from baseline to 3 months post-treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months after last treatment session ]
    Change in subject's self-assessment of their spasticity up to 3 months after 5 treatments as compared to baseline as measured using an 11-point Numerical Rating Scale

  6. Change in subject's quality of life from baseline to 3 months post-treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months after last treatment session ]
    Change in subject's self-assessment of quality of life up to 3 months after 5 treatments as compared to baseline as measured using the SF-36 scale



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Stroke, with cortical and/or subcortical lesions, of at least 6-months duration at study inclusion
  • Spasticity in the lower extremity plantarflexors (gastrocnemius, soleus muscles) due to stroke with a baseline score of 1-4 as assessed by the Tardieu scale
  • Minimum 1-month duration of spasticity as confirmed by medical history
  • Modified Rankin score < 4
  • Cognitive functions sufficient to understand the experiments and follow instructions and ability to provide informed consent in accordance with ICH and GCP
  • Affiliated with the French social security scheme, universal medical coverages (CMU), or an equivalent scheme.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Enrollment in another biomedical research study at the time of the MyoRegulator study.
  • Fixed contractures or profound muscle atrophy in the spastic limb
  • Ongoing use of digitalis, morphine, intrathecal pump
  • Plantar orthosis or history of orthopedic surgery that can interfere with gait analysis
  • Botulinum toxin treatment within 12 weeks of study enrollment
  • Prior phenol or alcohol injections within 6 months of study enrollment
  • Change in the antispastic treatment (baclofen, clonidine, benzodiazepine, dantrolene, gabapentine, tizanidin) in the 2 months prior to visit 1.
  • Allergy to latex
  • Presence of potential tsDCS risk factors:

    • Damaged skin at the stimulation sites (i.e., skin with ingrown hairs, acne, razor nicks, wounds that have not healed, recent scar tissue, broken skin, cancerous lesions, etc.)
    • Lack of sensory perception at the stimulation sites
    • Presence of an electrically, magnetically or mechanically activated implant (including cardiac pacemaker, epidural stimulation electrodes, etc.), an intravascular clip or any other electrically sensitive support system
    • Metal in or on the body in the direct path of the stimulation current (jewelry must be removed during stimulation)
    • Past history of seizures or unexplained spells of loss of consciousness during the previous 36 months
  • Prior trans-spinal direct current stimulation for any reason or prior trans-cranial direct current stimulation in the past 12 months
  • Any medical condition that would prevent the subject from being able to participate in the clinical outcome measures
  • Pregnancy in women (as determined by a urine pregnancy test in pre-menopausal women), or lactating women or women planning pregnancy during the course of the study
  • Patient under guardianship or curatorship, or under judicial supervision

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04780191


Locations
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France
Centre d'investigation clinique, Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle
Paris, France, 75013
Sponsors and Collaborators
Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
PathMaker Neurosystems Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jean-Christophe Corvol, MD, PhD Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière
Publications:
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Responsible Party: Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04780191    
Other Study ID Numbers: C16-124
2017-A02060-53 ( Registry Identifier: ID RCB )
First Posted: March 3, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 23, 2021
Last Verified: February 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France:
stroke rehabilitation
spasticity
neuromodulation
trans-spinal direct current stimulation
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Muscle Spasticity
Stroke
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Muscle Hypertonia
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations