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A Study of BXQ-350 in Children With Newly Diagnosed Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG) or Diffuse Midline Glioma (DMG) (KONQUER)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04771897
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 25, 2021
Last Update Posted : July 22, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
CTI Clinical Trial and Consulting Services
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Brief Summary:
This study will evaluate the safety of BXQ-350 and determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in children with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG. All patients will receive BXQ-350 by intravenous (IV) infusion and radiation therapy. The study is divided into two parts: Part 1 will enroll patients at increasing dose levels of BXQ-350 in order to determine the MTD. Part 2 will enroll patients requiring a biopsy in order to assess BXQ-350 concentrations in the biopsied tumor.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma Diffuse Midline Glioma, H3 K27M-Mutant Drug: BXQ-350 - Part 1 Dose Escalation: Safety and Tolerance Drug: BXQ-350 - Part 2 BXQ-350 Tumor and Plasma Concentrations Phase 1

Detailed Description:

BXQ-350 is a novel anti-neoplastic therapeutic agent configured from two components: Saposin C (SapC), an expressed (human) lysosomal protein, and the phospholipid dioleoylphosphatidyl-serine (DOPS), a cell membrane phospholipid (clinical formulation BXQ-350). Given via intravenous IV, data indicate that the agent exhibits the propensity to enter the body and brain, target cells in the tumor mass, and induce cell death. DIPG and DMG present a treatment dilemma due to resistance to standard therapy (radiotherapy) and aggressive clinical course. The use of BXQ-350 provides a novel approach to the treatment of cancer through interaction with the cancer cell membrane. This drug appears to be well tolerated in previous clinical trials, and in combination with the standard of care radiation therapy, may help improve overall survival in these patients.

The study is divided into 2 parts:

Part 1: Dose Escalation and Safety - Sequential cohorts of patients 1-30 years of age with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG will be treated with escalating doses of BXQ-350 until the MTD is established, or in the absence of a Maximum Administered Dose, the highest planned dose level is reached.

Part 2: BXQ-350 Tumor and Plasma Concentrations - Patients undergoing neurosurgical biopsy prior to receiving radiation therapy will be enrolled and receive BXQ-350 at the MTD determined in Part 1, or at the highest planned dose level, and radiation therapy. Excised tumor tissue will be evaluated for SapC levels and pharmacodynamic effects.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 22 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Open Label, Multi-Center Study to Evaluate the Safety and Tolerability of BXQ-350 in Children With Newly Diagnosed Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG) and Diffuse Midline Glioma (DMG)
Actual Study Start Date : May 24, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2023


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Part 1 Dose Escalation: Safety and Tolerance
Sequential cohorts of patients with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG will be treated with escalating doses of BXQ-350 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is established, or in the absence of a maximum administered dose (MAD), the highest planned dose level is reached and radiation therapy.
Drug: BXQ-350 - Part 1 Dose Escalation: Safety and Tolerance
BXQ-350 is a novel anti-neoplastic therapeutic agent configured from two components: Saposin C (SapC), an expressed (human) lysosomal protein, and the phospholipid dioleoylphosphatidyl-serine (DOPS), a phospholipid located on cell membranes (clinical formulation BXQ-350). During Part 1, BXQ-350 will be administered by intravenous (IV) infusion over twelve months.
Other Name: SapC-DOPS

Experimental: Part 2 BXQ-350 Tumor and Plasma Concentrations
Newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG patients undergoing neurosurgical biopsy prior to receiving radiation therapy will receive BXQ-350 at the MTD established in Part 1, or the highest planned dose level, and radiation therapy. Excised tumor tissue and plasma samples will be evaluated for SapC levels and pharmacodynamic effects.
Drug: BXQ-350 - Part 2 BXQ-350 Tumor and Plasma Concentrations
BXQ-350 is a novel anti-neoplastic therapeutic agent configured from two components: Saposin C (SapC), an expressed (human) lysosomal protein, and the phospholipid dioleoylphosphatidyl-serine (DOPS), a phospholipid located on cell membranes (clinical formulation BXQ-350). During Part 2, BXQ-350 will be administered by intravenous (IV) infusion over twelve months.
Other Name: SapC-DOPS




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events as Assessed by CTCAE v5.0 [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    To determine the safety of BXQ-350 in children with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG, as evidenced by the incidence of treatment emergent adverse events assessed by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.0.

  2. Part 1 - Maximum Tolerated Dose [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of BXQ-350, when given with radiation therapy, according to the investigational product (IP) related dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) in children with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG.

  3. Part 2 - BXQ-350 Concentration in Tumor Samples [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    To determine the concentration of BXQ-350 in tumor samples as evidenced by laboratory analysis of excised tumor tissue for SapC levels (a component of BXQ-350).

  4. Part 2 - BXQ-350 Concentration in Plasma Samples [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    To determine the concentration of BXQ-350 in plasma samples as evidenced by laboratory analysis of plasma samples for SapC levels (a component of BXQ-350).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    To determine the ORR of BXQ-350 when given with radiation therapy in children with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG. ORR is defined as the percentage of participants with evidence of a complete or partial response as per the Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria.

  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    To evaluate OS in children with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG receiving BXQ-350 with radiation therapy. OS is defined as the time from initiation of therapy to death from any cause. Participants still alive will be censored at the date of the last contact.

  3. Quality of Life (QoL) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    To evaluate QoL in children with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG receiving BXQ-350 with radiation therapy. QoL will be measured utilizing the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) in participants 5 years of age or older. PROMIS measures use a T-score metric in which 50 is the mean of a relevant reference population and 10 is the standard deviation. A higher score equals more of the concept being measured (i.e. more fatigue, more physical function, etc.). This could be a desirable or undesirable outcome, depending on the concept being measured.

  4. Concentration of drug at steady state (Css) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    To assess exposure to BXQ-350 in children with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG receiving BXQ-350 with radiation therapy. Exposure will be measured utilizing pharmacokinetic parameter of concentration of drug at steady state (Css).

  5. Exposure to BXQ-350 - area under the curve (AUC) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    To assess exposure to BXQ-350 in children with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG receiving BXQ-350 with radiation therapy. Exposure will be measured utilizing pharmacokinetic parameter of area under the curve (AUC).

  6. Exposure to BXQ-350 - clearance (CL) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    To assess exposure to BXQ-350 in children with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG receiving BXQ-350 with radiation therapy. Exposure will be measured utilizing pharmacokinetic parameter of clearance (CL).

  7. Exposure to BXQ-350 - volume of distribution (Vd) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    To assess exposure to BXQ-350 in children with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG receiving BXQ-350 with radiation therapy. Exposure will be measured utilizing pharmacokinetic parameter of volume of distribution (Vd).

  8. Exposure to BXQ-350 - half-life (t½) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    To assess exposure to BXQ-350 in children with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG receiving BXQ-350 with radiation therapy. Exposure will be measured utilizing pharmacokinetic parameter of volume of half-life (t½).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 30 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Each subject must meet the following criteria:

  1. Provide signed, written informed consent prior to the initiation of any study-specific procedures (consent from guardians for minor children and patient assent according to institution and Institutional Review Board (IRB) standards)
  2. Age ≥ 1 year of age and ≤ 30 years of age at the time of study entry
  3. Have radiographically suspected or histologically confirmed newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG with the following defining disease characteristics/features:

    • Part 1 and Part 2:

      • DIPG: radiographic imaging showing a diffuse expansion of the brainstem/pons by a tumor that is poorly defined but abnormally bright in signal on T2-weighted images and abnormally dark on T1-weighted images; contrast enhancement, when present, is typically mild; there may be some indication of necrosis, and the basilar artery is commonly engulfed by tumor.
      • DMG: the same imaging characteristics as noted above for DIPG are present, but the lesion can extend superiorly up into the midbrain and thalami, and/or inferiorly to the medulla.
      • In cases of disease that is not classic for DIPG or DMG, biopsy may be necessary in order to obtain histological confirmation of eligibility.
    • Part 2: newly-diagnosed DIPG or DMG planning to undergo biopsy at the recommendation of the treating physician; to be considered evaluable for PK tissue concentration analysis, tumor samples must have at least 50% viable tumor cells with <30% necrosis or hemorrhage as determined by the study neuropathologist
  4. If receiving glucocorticoid therapy: dexamethasone allowed with maximum allowable dose 16mg/day
  5. Have measurable or non-measurable disease per RANO criteria
  6. Have Lansky (age 1 - 15) / Karnofsky (age ≥ 16) Performance Score of ≥ 50% or Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (age ≥ 18) of 0 - 2

    • Subjects unable to walk because of paralysis, but who can sit without assistance/restraint and control a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
  7. Have acceptable liver function defined as:

    • Total serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal for the study site (ULN) (in subjects with known Gilbert Syndrome, total bilirubin ≤ 3 x ULN, with direct bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN)
    • Aspartate Transaminase (AST), Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase (SGOT), Alanine Transaminase (ALT), Serum Glutamic-Pyruvic Transamine (SGPT) ≤ 3 x ULN (if liver metastases are present, then ≤ 5 x ULN is allowed)
    • Serum albumin ≥ 3 grams/deciliter (g/dL)
  8. Have acceptable renal function defined as:

    • Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥70 milliliters (mL)/min/1.73 meters squared (m2) or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows: 1 to < 2 years: 0.6 (male); 0.6 (female) 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 (male); 0.8 (female) 6 to < 10 years: 1 (male); 1 (female) 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 (male); 1.2 (female) 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 (male); 1.4 (female)

      • 16 years: 1.7 (male);1.4 (female)

        • Threshold creatinine values derived from the Schwartz formula for estimating GFR utilizing child length and stature data published by the Center for Disease Control (Schwartz 2009)
  9. Have acceptable bone marrow function defined as:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,500 cells/ cubic millimeter (mm3)
    • Platelet count ≥ 100,000 cells/mm3 (unsupported, no transfusion within 7 days of enrollment)
    • Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL (unsupported, no transfusion within 7 days of enrollment)
  10. Have acceptable coagulation parameters (anti-coagulation allowed) defined as:

    • International normalized ratio (INR) ≤ 2 x ULN unless on anticoagulation or prothrombin time (PT) within normal limits
    • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) within normal limits
  11. Have a negative serum pregnancy test result at screening (for females of child bearing potential (FCBP); not applicable to subjects who are unable to become pregnant, including those with tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy and/or hysterectomy, post-menopausal is defined as > 12 months since last menstrual cycle)
  12. FCBP and male subjects whose sexual partner(s) are FCBP must agree to abstain from heterosexual activity or use a double barrier method of contraception (e.g., condom and occlusive cap with spermicide) or highly effective contraception (intrauterine device or system, established hormonal contraceptive methods on a stable dose from the time of the last menstrual cycle, or vasectomized partner with confirmed azoospermia) from the time of study entry to 1 month after the last day of treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects must not meet any of the following criteria:

  1. Have a concurrent or secondary malignancy
  2. Have a low-grade glioma (Grade II or less)
  3. Have received prior treatment with radiation, chemotherapy, anti-neoplastic, or investigational agents
  4. Have had major surgery other than a minor outpatient procedure within 28 days prior to dose assignment or have not recovered from major side effects of the surgery if more than 4 weeks have elapsed since surgery
  5. Have poorly controlled hypertension despite the use of antihypertensive agents defined as blood pressure ≥95th percentile for age and weight or >160/90 on at least 2 repeated determinations on separate days within 2 weeks (14 days) prior to initiation of screening
  6. Have a history of cardiac dysfunction including:

    • myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to initiation of screening
    • history of documented congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association functional classification III-IV) within 6 months prior to initiation of screening
    • active cardiomyopathy
    • electrocardiogram (ECG) with QTc >470 msec at screening
    • echocardiogram with ejection fraction <50% or a decrease in the left ventricular shortening fraction to <27%
  7. Have a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) seropositivity
  8. Have active (acute or chronic) or uncontrolled severe infections
  9. Have active poor wound healing (delayed healing, wound infection or fistula)
  10. Have evidence of active clinically significant bleed (e.g., gastrointestinal bleed, hemoptysis, or gross hematuria) at screening
  11. Are pregnant or nursing, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) laboratory test
  12. Have a known sensitivity to any component of BXQ-350
  13. Have other concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical condition that would, in the Principal Investigator's judgment contraindicate the subject's participation in the clinical study or obscure assessment of toxicity

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04771897


Locations
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United States, Colorado
Children's Hospital Colorado Recruiting
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
Contact: Carmen Rivera    720-777-5771    carmen.rivera@childrenscolorado.org   
Principal Investigator: Kathleen Dorris, MD         
United States, Ohio
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Recruiting
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45226
Contact: Clinical Trial Office    513-636-2799    cancer@cchmc.org   
Principal Investigator: Trent Hummel, MD         
Nationwide Children's Recruiting
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43205
Contact: Melinda Triplet, RN    614-722-6039    Melinda.Triplet@nationwidechildrens.org   
Principal Investigator: Maryam Fouladi, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
CTI Clinical Trial and Consulting Services
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Responsible Party: Bexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04771897    
Other Study ID Numbers: BXQ-350.AD
First Posted: February 25, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 22, 2021
Last Verified: July 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Bexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc.:
DIPG
DMG
brain tumor
glioma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Brain Stem Neoplasms
Infratentorial Neoplasms
Brain Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Glioma
Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases