Experiences and Attitudes Towards Agitated Behaviours in TBI ICU Patients: a Protocol for an Interprofessional Mixed-method Study (EXSTATIC)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04741399|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : February 5, 2021
Last Update Posted : February 5, 2021
|Condition or disease|
|Trauma Injury Intensive Care Neurological Disorder|
A convergent design will be performed using three qualitative research methods (structured observations, semi-structured interviews and focus groups) and a quantitative research method (retrospective observational study).
First, a researcher will observe the daily ICU routine, in two ICU units, when a TBI-patient is admitted. In this first step, the specific objective is to observe the care of TBI patients during periods of agitation, to understand how it affects the actions of healthcare professionals and their interactions with each other and other actors present in the unit. These observations will enable researchers to detect non-verbal expression of feelings, interactions and communication between patients, their family and health professionals as well as interactions between health professionals at the bedside. The observations will also enable us to map bedside clinical activities made by health professionals and the time spent doing them. The goal is to develop a repertoire of situations combining the degree of agitation, the resources present, the experience and the effects on the staff, the patient and their relatives, the actions and medical decisions in response to agitation. The data gathered in this phase will inform the interview guide for the semi-structured interviews.
In the second phase, we will conduct semi-structured interviews with ICU nurses to explore their experiences and attitudes towards the care of TBI patients with agitated behaviours. Nurses will be interviewed as they are the healthcare professionals most present at the bedside of TBI patients and their families. Semi-structured interviews enable to explore nurse's perspectives and experiences. This will also allow us to investigate how these experiences can predict their reactions to agitated behaviours, and how these reactions are shared between different health professionals or also with hospital health personnel. This particular phase enables us to uncover unanticipated themes.
We will then undertake a retrospective observational study aiming to describe the documentation of agitated behaviours in TBI patients and interventions to manage them. In this step, the objective is to substantiate the documentation of the significant elements identified in the first two phases of the study. This third phase will be complementary to the previous two phases and will allow to document in which way observations in the first two phases are reflected in the clinical notes. A convenience sample of consecutive admissions for TBI with an abnormal CT-scan will be reviewed.
Finally, interprofessional focus groups will be conducted in order to gain insights into ICU healthcare professionals experiences and explore their attitudes and needs when TBI patients develop agitation. Group process can help people to explore and clarify their views and to share ideas and perceptions. All healthcare professional who participate in the care of TBI patients in the ICU will be solicited for participation. Specifically, the aim is to discuss the various themes identified in the previous steps and understand their relational dimension among different healthcare professionals.
The integration of the different methods will be done by the connection of the different steps and by the integration of results for each step. This multistep approach allows to identify organizational, cultural factors and to better understand social interactions as well as health care delivery process.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||98 participants|
|Official Title:||EXperienceS and aTtitudes Towards Agitated Behaviours in Tbi ICu Patients (EXSTATIC): a Protocol for an Interprofessional Mixed-method Study|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||February 10, 2021|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||October 31, 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 31, 2021|
- To explore the experiences and attitudes of the healthcare professionals managing agitation of TBI patients in two ICUs of level-1 Canadian trauma hospitals [ Time Frame: December 2020-October 2021 ]To unveil the perceptions, the practices, the consequences and the risks of handling TBI agitated patients.