The Safety and Efficacy Of Psilocybin as an Adjunctive Therapy in Participants With Treatment Resistant Depression
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A recent open label study of the effects of psilocybin in participants with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) showed rapid significant decrease of depressive symptoms after treatment with psilocybin coupled with psychological support. Over 40% of participants sustained response at 3 months. In this study, the aim is to explore effectiveness of 25 mg of psilocybin as an adjunctive therapy in participants with TRD.
Improvement in depressive symptoms [ Time Frame: 3 weeks ]
Change in Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale total score from Baseline to 3 weeks post psilocybin administration.
The minimum and maximum values are 0 and 6 and a higher score means a worse outcome.
Secondary Outcome Measures :
Incidence of response [ Time Frame: 3 weeks ]
The proportion of participants with a response (defined as a ≥ 50% improvement in Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale total score from Baseline) at Week 3 post psilocybin administration.
The minimum and maximum values are 0 and 60 and a higher score means a worse outcome.
Incidence of remission [ Time Frame: 3 weeks ]
The proportion of participants with remission (defined as Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale total score ≤ 10) at Week 3 post psilocybin administration The minimum and maximum values are 0 and 60 and a higher score means a worse outcome.
Improvement in Clinical Global Impression - Severity [ Time Frame: 3 weeks ]
Changes from Baseline in Clinical Global Impression-Severity score at Week 3 post psilocybin administration.
The minimum and maximum values are 1 and 7 and a higher score means a worse outcome.
The minimum and maximum values are 0 and 7, respectively and a higher scores means a worse outcome.
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
18 years of age or older
At least moderate MDD
Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (17 item) score ≥18
Currently receiving treatment with a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
Failure to respond to an adequate dose and duration of 2, 3, or 4 pharmacological treatments
McLean Screening Instrument for Borderline Personality Disorder <7 at Screening (V1).
Ability to complete all protocol required assessment tools without any assistance or alteration to the copyrighted assessments, and to comply with all study visits.
Psychiatric Exclusion Criteria:
Current or past history of schizophrenia, psychotic disorder (unless substance induced or due to a medical condition), bipolar disorder, delusional disorder, paranoid personality disorder, schizoaffective disorder, or borderline personality disorder, as assessed by medical history, McLean Screening Instrument for Borderline Personality Disorder and a structured clinical interview (version 7.0.2 MINI).
Prior electroconvulsive therapy and/or ketamine for current episode.
Ongoing use of an antidepressant medication, including augmentation or combination therapies, other than a single SSRI
Current psychological therapies that will not remain stable within 21 days of the psilocybin session. Psychological therapies cannot be initiated within 21 days of baseline.
Current (within the last year) alcohol or substance use disorder as informed by DSM 5 (diagnosed by MINI 7.0.2) at Screening (V1).
Significant suicide risk as defined C-SSRS within the past year
Depression secondary to other severe medical conditions according to clinicians' judgement.
Other personal circumstances and behaviour judged to be incompatible with establishment of rapport or safe exposure to psilocybin, including exposure to psilocybin within the past year and use of psychedelics, such as ayahuasca, during the current depressive episode.
General Medical Exclusion Criteria:
Women who are pregnant, nursing or planning a pregnancy.
Uncontrolled or insulin dependent diabetes.
Positive urine drug screen for illicit drugs or drugs of abuse
Current enrolment in any investigational drug or device study or participation in such within 30 days prior to Screening (V1).
Current enrolment in another clinical study of an investigational medical or participation in such within 30 days of Screening (V1).
Abnormal and clinically significant results on the physical examination, vital signs, ECG or laboratory tests at Screening (V1).
Any other clinically significant cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, hepatic, renal or any other major concurrent illness that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with the interpretation of the study results or constitute a health risk for the participant if he/she takes part in the study.