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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    MK-7684A-003
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Coformulation of Pembrolizumab/Vibostolimab (MK-7684A) Versus Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Monotherapy for Programmed Cell Death 1 Ligand 1 (PD-L1) Positive Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (MK-7684A-003, KEYVIBE-003)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04738487
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 4, 2021
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC

Brief Summary:
The primary hypotheses are that coformulated pembrolizumab/vibostolimab is superior to pembrolizumab alone with respect to (1) overall survival (OS) in participants with programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) tumor proportion score (TPS) ≥50%, TPS ≥1% and TPS 1% to 49%; and (2) progression-free survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 by blinded independent central review (BICR), in participants with PD-L1 TPS ≥1% and TPS ≥50%.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Neoplasms Non-Small-Cell Lung Carcinoma Biological: Pembrolizumab/Vibostolimab Biological: Pembrolizumab Phase 3

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1246 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind Study of MK-7684 With Pembrolizumab as a Coformulation (MK-7684A) Versus Pembrolizumab Monotherapy as First Line Treatment for Participants With PD-L1 Positive Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : April 7, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 21, 2026
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 5, 2028

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pembrolizumab/Vibostolimab
Participants will receive pembrolizumab/vibostolimab as a coformulation (MK-7684A).
Biological: Pembrolizumab/Vibostolimab
Coformulation of pembrolizumab (MK-3475) 200mg and vibostolimab (MK-7684) 200mg. Participants receive the coformulation by intravenous (IV) infusion every 3 weeks (Q3W) for up to 35 administrations (up to ~2 years).
Other Name: MK-7684A

Active Comparator: Pembrolizumab
Participants will receive pembrolizumab (MK-3475) alone.
Biological: Pembrolizumab
Participants receive 200 mg of pembrolizumab by intravenous (IV) infusion every 3 weeks (Q3W) for up to 35 administrations (up to ~2 years).
Other Names:
  • MK-3475
  • Keytruda




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival (OS) in Participants With Programmed Cell Death Ligand 1 (PD-L1) Tumor Proportion Score (TPS) ≥50% [ Time Frame: Up to ~59 months ]
    OS is defined as the time from randomization to death due to any cause.

  2. OS in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% [ Time Frame: Up to ~59 months ]
    OS is defined as the time from randomization to death due to any cause.

  3. OS in Participants With PD-L1 TPS 1% to 49% [ Time Frame: Up to ~59 months ]
    OS is defined as the time from randomization to death due to any cause.

  4. Progression-Free Survival (PFS) in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% [ Time Frame: Up to ~51 months ]
    PFS is defined as the time from randomization to the first documented progressive disease (PD) or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. Per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1, PD is defined as ≥20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of ≥5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered PD. PFS as assessed by blinded independent central review will be presented.

  5. PFS in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥50% [ Time Frame: Up to ~51 months ]
    PFS is defined as the time from randomization to the first documented progressive disease (PD) or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. Per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1, PD is defined as ≥20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of ≥5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered PD. PFS as assessed by blinded independent central review will be presented.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate (ORR) in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% [ Time Frame: Up to ~ 2 years ]
    ORR is defined as the percentage of participants who have a Complete Response (CR: Disappearance of all target lesions) or a Partial Response (PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1. The percentage of participants who experience a CR or PR as assessed by blinded independent central review based on RECIST 1.1 will be presented.

  2. PFS in Participants With PD-L1 TPS 1% to 49% [ Time Frame: Up to ~51 months ]
    PFS is defined as the time from randomization to the first documented progressive disease (PD) or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. Per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1, PD is defined as ≥20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of ≥5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered PD. PFS as assessed by blinded independent central review will be presented.

  3. ORR in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥50% [ Time Frame: Up to ~ 2 years ]
    ORR is defined as the percentage of participants who have a Complete Response (CR: Disappearance of all target lesions) or a Partial Response (PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1. The percentage of participants who experience a CR or PR as assessed by blinded independent central review based on RECIST 1.1 will be presented.

  4. ORR in Participants With PD-L1 TPS 1% to 49% [ Time Frame: Up to ~ 2 years ]
    ORR is defined as the percentage of participants who have a Complete Response (CR: Disappearance of all target lesions) or a Partial Response (PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1. The percentage of participants who experience a CR or PR as assessed by blinded independent central review based on RECIST 1.1 will be presented.

  5. Duration of Response (DOR) in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥50% [ Time Frame: Up to ~59 months ]
    For participants who demonstrate a Complete Response (CR: Disappearance of all target lesions) or Partial Response (PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1, DOR is defined as the time from first documented evidence of CR or PR until progressive disease (PD) or death. Per RECIST 1.1, PD is defined as ≥20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered PD. The DOR as assessed by blinded independent central review will be presented.

  6. DOR in Participants With PD-L1 TPS 1% to 49% [ Time Frame: Up to ~59 months ]
    For participants who demonstrate a Complete Response (CR: Disappearance of all target lesions) or Partial Response (PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1, DOR is defined as the time from first documented evidence of CR or PR until progressive disease (PD) or death. Per RECIST 1.1, PD is defined as ≥20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered PD. The DOR as assessed by blinded independent central review will be presented.

  7. DOR in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% [ Time Frame: Up to ~59 months ]
    For participants who demonstrate a Complete Response (CR: Disappearance of all target lesions) or Partial Response (PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1, DOR is defined as the time from first documented evidence of CR or PR until progressive disease (PD) or death. Per RECIST 1.1, PD is defined as ≥20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered PD. The DOR as assessed by blinded independent central review will be presented.

  8. Change from Baseline in Global Health Status/Quality of Life (QoL) (Items 29, 30) Combined Score on the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QoL Questionnaire-Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥50% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 29 and 30 will be presented. The EORTC-QLQ-C30 is a 30-item questionnaire developed to assess the quality of life of cancer patients. Participant responses to Items 29 and 30 ("How would you rate your overall health during the past week?" and "How would you rate your overall quality of life during the past week?") are scored on a 7-point scale (1=Very Poor to 7=Excellent). A higher score indicates a better overall outcome.

  9. Change from Baseline in Global Health Status/QoL (Items 29, 30) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS 1% to 49% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 29 and 30 will be presented. The EORTC-QLQ-C30 is a 30-item questionnaire developed to assess the quality of life of cancer patients. Participant responses to Items 29 and 30 ("How would you rate your overall health during the past week?" and "How would you rate your overall quality of life during the past week?") are scored on a 7-point scale (1=Very Poor to 7=Excellent). A higher score indicates a better overall outcome.

  10. Change from Baseline in Global Health Status/QoL (Items 29, 30) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 29 and 30 will be presented. The EORTC-QLQ-C30 is a 30-item questionnaire developed to assess the quality of life of cancer patients. Participant responses to Items 29 and 30 ("How would you rate your overall health during the past week?" and "How would you rate your overall quality of life during the past week?") are scored on a 7-point scale (1=Very Poor to 7=Excellent). A higher score indicates a better overall outcome.

  11. Change from Baseline in Physical Functioning (Items 1-5) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥50% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 1-5 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant responses to 5 questions about their physical functioning are scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). Higher scores indicate a worse level of function.

  12. Change from Baseline in Physical Functioning (Items 1-5) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS 1% to 49% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 1-5 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant responses to 5 questions about their physical functioning are scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). Higher scores indicate a worse level of function.

  13. Change from Baseline in Physical Functioning (Items 1-5) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 1-5 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant responses to 5 questions about their physical functioning are scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). Higher scores indicate a worse level of function.

  14. Change from Baseline in Role Functioning (Items 6, 7) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥50% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 6-7 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant responses to questions about their role functioning are scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). Higher scores indicate a worse level of function.

  15. Change from Baseline in Role Functioning (Items 6, 7) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS 1% to 49% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 6-7 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant responses to questions about their role functioning are scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). Higher scores indicate a worse level of function.

  16. Change from Baseline in Role Functioning (Items 6, 7) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 6-7 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant responses to questions about their role functioning are scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). Higher scores indicate a worse level of function.

  17. Change from Baseline in Dyspnea Score (Item 8) on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥50% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Item 8 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Were you short of breath?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates a worse level of dyspnea.

  18. Change from Baseline in Dyspnea Score (Item 8) on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS 1% to 49% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Item 8 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Were you short of breath?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates a worse level of dyspnea.

  19. Change from Baseline in Dyspnea Score (Item 8) on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Item 8 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Were you short of breath?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates a worse level of dyspnea.

  20. Change from Baseline in Cough Score (Item 31) on the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Lung Cancer-Specific Questionnaire Module (EORTC QLQ-LC13) in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥50% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 31 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-LC13 is a lung cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Have you coughed?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates more frequent coughing

  21. Change from Baseline in Cough Score (Item 31) on the EORTC QLQ-LC13 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS 1% to 49% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 31 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-LC13 is a lung cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Have you coughed?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates more frequent coughing.

  22. Change from Baseline in Cough Score (Item 31) on the EORTC QLQ-LC13 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 31 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-LC13 is a lung cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Have you coughed?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates more frequent coughing.

  23. Change from Baseline in Chest Pain Score (Item 40) on the EORTC QLQ-LC13 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥50% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 40 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-LC13 is a lung cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Have you had pain in your chest?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates a worse level of chest pain.

  24. Change from Baseline in Chest Pain Score (Item 40) on the EORTC QLQ-LC13 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS 1% to 49% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 40 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-LC13 is a lung cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Have you had pain in your chest?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates a worse level of chest pain.

  25. Change from Baseline in Chest Pain Score (Item 40) on the EORTC QLQ-LC13 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    Change from baseline in the score of EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 40 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-LC13 is a lung cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Have you had pain in your chest?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates a worse level of chest pain.

  26. Time to Deterioration (TTD) in Global Health Status/QoL (Items 29, 30) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥50% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 29 and 30 will be presented. The EORTC-QLQ-C30 is a 30-item questionnaire developed to assess the quality of life of cancer patients. Participant responses to Items 29 and 30 ("How would you rate your overall health during the past week?" and "How would you rate your overall quality of life during the past week?") are scored on a 7-point scale (1=Very Poor to 7=Excellent). A higher score indicates a better overall outcome. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  27. TTD in Global Health Status/QoL (Items 29, 30) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS 1% to 49% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 29 and 30 will be presented. The EORTC-QLQ-C30 is a 30-item questionnaire developed to assess the quality of life of cancer patients. Participant responses to Items 29 and 30 ("How would you rate your overall health during the past week?" and "How would you rate your overall quality of life during the past week?") are scored on a 7-point scale (1=Very Poor to 7=Excellent). A higher score indicates a better overall outcome. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  28. TTD in Global Health Status/QoL (Items 29, 30) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 29 and 30 will be presented. The EORTC-QLQ-C30 is a 30-item questionnaire developed to assess the quality of life of cancer patients. Participant responses to Items 29 and 30 ("How would you rate your overall health during the past week?" and "How would you rate your overall quality of life during the past week?") are scored on a 7-point scale (1=Very Poor to 7=Excellent). A higher score indicates a better overall outcome. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  29. TTD in Physical Functioning (Items 1-5) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥50% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 1-5 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant responses to 5 questions about their physical functioning are scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). Higher scores indicate a worse level of function. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  30. TTD in Physical Functioning (Items 1-5) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% to 49% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 1-5 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant responses to 5 questions about their physical functioning are scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). Higher scores indicate a worse level of function. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  31. TTD in Physical Functioning (Items 1-5) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 1-5 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant responses to 5 questions about their physical functioning are scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). Higher scores indicate a worse level of function. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  32. TTD in Role Functioning (Items 6, 7) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥50% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 6-7 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant responses to questions about their role functioning are scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). Higher scores indicate a worse level of function. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  33. TTD in Role Functioning (Items 6, 7) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS 1% to 49% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 6-7 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant responses to questions about their role functioning are scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). Higher scores indicate a worse level of function. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  34. TTD in Role Functioning (Items 6, 7) Combined Score on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Items 6-7 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant responses to questions about their role functioning are scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). Higher scores indicate a worse level of function. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  35. TTD in Dyspnea Score (Item 8) on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥50% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Item 8 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Were you short of breath?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates a worse level of dyspnea. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  36. TTD in Dyspnea Score (Item 8) on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS 1% to 49% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Item 8 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Were you short of breath?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates a worse level of dyspnea. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  37. TTD in Dyspnea Score (Item 8) on the EORTC QLQ-C30 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-C30 Item 8 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Were you short of breath?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates a worse level of dyspnea. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  38. TTD in Cough Score (Item 31) on the EORTC QLQ-LC13 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥50% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 31 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-LC13 is a lung cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Have you coughed?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates more frequent coughing. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  39. TTD in Cough Score (Item 31) on the EORTC QLQ-LC13 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS 1% to 49% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 31 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-LC13 is a lung cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Have you coughed?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates more frequent coughing. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  40. TTD in Cough Score (Item 31) on the EORTC QLQ-LC13 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 31 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-LC13 is a lung cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Have you coughed?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates more frequent coughing. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  41. TTD in in Chest Pain Score (Item 40) on the EORTC QLQ-LC13 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥50% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 40 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-LC13 is a lung cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Have you had pain in your chest?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates a worse level of chest pain. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  42. TTD in in Chest Pain Score (Item 40) on the EORTC QLQ-LC13 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS 1% to 49% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 40 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-LC13 is a lung cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Have you had pain in your chest?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates a worse level of chest pain. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  43. TTD in in Chest Pain Score (Item 40) on the EORTC QLQ-LC13 in Participants With PD-L1 TPS ≥1% [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to ~107 weeks ]
    TTD in the score of EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 40 will be presented. The EORTC QLQ-LC13 is a lung cancer specific health-related quality-of life (QoL) questionnaire. Participant response to the question "Have you had pain in your chest?" is scored on a 4-point scale (1=Not at All to 4=Very Much). A higher score indicates a worse level of chest pain. TTD is defined as the time to first onset of 10 or more (out of 100) deterioration from baseline and confirmed by a second adjacent 10 or more deterioration from baseline.

  44. Number of Participants Who Experienced One or More Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to ~115 weeks ]
    The number of participants who experienced an adverse event (AE) will be presented. An AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered study treatment and which did not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment.

  45. Number of Participants Who Discontinued Study Intervention Due to an Adverse Event (AE) [ Time Frame: Up to ~103 weeks ]
    The number of participants who discontinue study intervention due to an adverse event (AE) will be presented. An AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered study treatment and which did not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Has a histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of Stage IV: M1a, M1b, or M1c non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) per the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Staging Manual, version 8
  • Has measurable disease based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1, as determined by the local site assessment
  • Has confirmation that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-, anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-, or reactive oxygen species proto-oncogene 1 (ROS1)-directed therapy is not indicated as primary therapy and absence of ALK and ROS1 gene rearrangements
  • Has provided tumor tissue that demonstrates Programmed Cell Death 1 Ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression in ≥1% of tumor cells as assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) at a central laboratory
  • Has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance score of 0 or 1 assessed within 7 days prior to randomization
  • Has a life expectancy of at least 3 months
  • A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant or breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:

    • Is not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP)
    • Is a WOCBP and using a contraceptive method that is highly effective (with a failure rate of <1% per year), with low user dependency or be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long term and persistent basis), during the intervention period and for at least 120 days after the last dose of study intervention
  • Has adequate organ function

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has a known history of an additional malignancy, except if the participant has undergone potentially curative therapy with no evidence of that disease recurrence for at least 3 years since initiation of that therapy
  • Has received prior systemic chemotherapy or other targeted or biological antineoplastic therapy for their metastatic NSCLC.

    • Prior treatment with chemotherapy and/or radiation as part of neoadjuvant/adjuvant or chemoradiation therapy for nonmetastatic NSCLC is allowed as long as therapy was completed at least 6 months before the diagnosis of metastatic NSCLC.
    • Participants must have recovered from all AEs due to previous therapies to Grade ≤1 or baseline. Participants with Grade ≤2 neuropathy may be eligible. Participants with endocrine-related AEs Grade ≤2 requiring treatment or hormone replacement may be eligible.
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death receptor 1 (PD-1), anti-programmed cell death receptor ligand 1 (PD-L1), or anti-programmed cell death receptor ligand 2 (PD-L2) agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (eg, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), OX-40, CD137)
  • Has received previous treatment with another agent targeting the T cell immunoreceptor with immunoglobulin (Ig) and immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif (ITIM) domains (TIGIT) receptor pathway
  • Has received radiotherapy within 2 weeks of start of study intervention. Participants must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities, not require corticosteroids, and not have had radiation pneumonitis. A 1-week washout is permitted for palliative radiation (≤2 weeks of radiotherapy) to non-central nervous system (CNS) disease
  • Has received a live or live-attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study intervention. Administration of killed vaccines is allowed.

    • Any licensed COVID-19 vaccine (including for Emergency Use) in a particular country is allowed in the study as long as they are mRNA vaccines, adenoviral vaccines, or inactivated vaccines. These vaccines will be treated just as any other concomitant therapy.
    • Investigational vaccines (i.e., those not licensed or approved for Emergency Use) are not allowed.
  • Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study intervention
  • Has known active or untreated CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Participants with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are radiologically stable for at least 4 weeks by repeat imaging, clinically stable, and without requirement of steroid treatment for at least 14 days prior to first dose of study intervention
  • Has severe hypersensitivity (≥Grade 3) to pembrolizumab/vibostolimab or pembrolizumab and/or any of its excipients
  • Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years (ie, with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (eg, thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency) is not considered a form of systemic treatment and is allowed.
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of study intervention
  • Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis
  • Has a known history of interstitial lung disease. Lymphangitic spread of the NSCLC is not exclusionary.
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. No HIV testing is required unless mandated by local health authority
  • Has a known history of Hepatitis B or known active Hepatitis C virus infection
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that prevents the participant from receiving platinum-doublet chemotherapy for first line NSCLC, or that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the participant's participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the participant to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
  • Has a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with the participant's ability to cooperate with the requirements of the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04738487


Contacts
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Contact: Toll Free Number 1-888-577-8839 Trialsites@merck.com

Locations
Show Show 142 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04738487    
Other Study ID Numbers: 7684A-003
MK-7684A-003 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
jRCT2021210025 ( Registry Identifier: jRCT )
KEYVIBE-003 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
2020-004049-35 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: February 4, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 24, 2022
Last Verified: June 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: http://engagezone.msd.com/doc/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC:
Programmed Cell Death-1 (PD1, PD-1)
Programmed Cell Death 1 Ligand 1 (PDL1, PD-L1)
Programmed Cell Death 1 Ligand 2 (PDL2, PD-L2)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Pembrolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents