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Subcutaneous Immunoglobulin for Myasthenia Gravis (MG_SCIG)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04728425
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 28, 2021
Last Update Posted : November 23, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hans Katzberg, University Health Network, Toronto

Brief Summary:

This is a prospective open-label, randomized, parallel arm clinical trial.

The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Cuvitru 20% subcutaneous immunoglobulin in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). The secondary objective is to evaluate patient preferences and effects on quality of life when treating MG patients with SCIG. Exploratory objectives are to compare de novo administration starting SCIG directly with those starting with a loading dose of IVIG followed by SCIG administration.

Patients over age 18 with moderate to severe MG with MGFA Class II-IV without contraindications to immunoglobulin will be considered for the study.

All patients will be eligible to enter either arm of the study, Arm 1: 10% Gammagard IVIG followed by 20% Cuvitry SCIG and Arm 2: Cuvitru 20% SCIG alone.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Myasthenia Gravis Drug: subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG) Drug: intravenous immunoglobulin + subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG) Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune neuromuscular condition which can cause fatigable weakness of skeletal muscles including bulbar, ocular, limb, axial and respiratory muscles. Symptoms range from mild, transient double vision and ptosis to severe, life threatening diffuse weakness, and treatments which are immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory have been shown to improve outcome in MG. This includes 10% intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), which has previous been shown by our group to improve strength at 2 and 4 weeks in patients with MG. Due to delay in the onset of many immunosuppressives and potential side effects from steroids and other immunosuppressive medications, IVIG is also used in clinical practice as bridging of maintenance therapy until other therapies take effect or the patient stabilizes. In addition, there have been other studies suggesting that 20% subcutaneous immunoglobuin (SCIG) can be helpful to improve strength in patients with MG over a relatively short period of time (6 weeks). Some of these studies are ongoing and are further evaluating the ability of IVIG and SCIG to stabilize or improve strength IVIG in patients with MG, however, there is no current published study evaluating different administration routes of immunoglobulin (IVIG and SCIG) in patients with MG over a longer 6 month follow-up period.

The current study aims to be the first to evaluate 20% Cuvitru SCIG formulation in patients with neuromuscular conditions including MG. The study aim is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 6 months of 20% SCIG Cuvitru treatment vs three months of 10% IVIG "pre-treatment" followed by 3 months of 20% SCIG Cuvitru treatment. The study will also be the first to use the myasthenia gravis impairment index (MGII) as primary outcome in conjunction with standard MG outcomes.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy and Safety of Subcutaneous Immunoglobulin in Patients With Myasthenia Gravis
Actual Study Start Date : August 28, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 30, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 30, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: IVIG + SCIG
This group of MG patients will start with 2g/kg of IVIG on month 1, 1 g/kg of IVIG 4 and then 8 weeks later, and within 2 weeks switch to SCIG treatment
Drug: intravenous immunoglobulin + subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG)
10% intravenous immunoglobulin + 20% subcutaneous immunoglobulin
Other Name: Gammanorm + Cuvitru

Active Comparator: SCIG alone
This group of MG patients will start with SCIG alone
Drug: subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG)
20% subcutaneous immunoglobulin
Other Name: Cuvitru




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Myasthenia Gravis Impairment Index Efficacy Outcome [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Change in the Myasthenia Gravis Impairment Index (score 0-84, with 84 being the maximal score indicating the most severe MG status) at baseline compared to end of study


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Quantitative Myasthenia Gravis Score Efficacy Outcome [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Change in the Quantitative Myasthenia Gravis Score (score 0-39, with 39 indicating the most severe clinical findings related to MG) at baseline compared to end of study

  2. Myasthenia Gravis Activities of Daily Living Efficacy Outcome [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Change in the MG Activities of Daily Living (score 0-24, with 24 indicating the most severe clinical findings related to MG) at baseline compared to end of study

  3. Myasthenia Gravis Composite Efficacy Outcome [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Change in the Myasthenia Gravis Composite Score (score 0-50, with 50 indicating the most severe clinical findings related to MG) at baseline compared to end of study) at baseline compared to end of study

  4. Myasthenia gravis Quality of Life 15 Score Efficacy Outcome [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Change in the 15-Item Myasthenia Gravis Quality of Life Score (score 0-45, with 45 indicating the most severe clinical findings related to MG) at baseline compared to end of study) at baseline compared to end of study

  5. Parallel Arm Comparison [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    All the above outcomes including the myasthenia gravis impairment index, quantitative myasthenia gravis score, myasthenia gravis activities of daily living, myasthenia gravis composite score, myasthenia gravis quality of life 15 score in patients receiving de novo administration starting SCIG directly with those starting with a loading dose of IVIG followed by SCIG administration will be compared.

  6. Safety and Tolerability: total number of adverse events [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    o evaluate the adverse event profile of high dose (20% Cuvitru) SCIG in MG and compare this with existing published adverse events of 20% high-dose SCIG in neuromuscular diseases. Specifically the total number of adverse events as defined in Part C, Division 5 of the Health Canada Food and Drug Regulations will be compared to existing published adverse events of 20% SCIG and the total number of adverse events occuring in the IVIG vs SCIG arms will also be compared.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients over age 18
  2. Patients with a confirmed diagnosis of myasthenia gravis based on clinical criteria including fatiguable weakness and supported by either serological (acetylcholine receptor, muscle specific kinase or anti-low-density lipoprotein receptor- related protein 4 antibodies or electrophysiological testing (repetitive nerve stimulation of single fiber electromyography)
  3. Myasthenia Gravis Federation of America class II-IV
  4. Moderate to severe myasthenia gravis as defined by a quantitative myasthenia gravis score >10 or generalized myasthenia gravis impairment index score > 11
  5. Patient able to give consent and is able and willing to complete all study procedures and activities

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  2. Patients not able to complete the study procedures or with an alternate diagnosis
  3. Patients with recent thymectomy in the past 6 months
  4. Patients receiving another biologic agent such as rituximab, belimubab, cyclophosphamide and eculizumab in the past 6 months prior to study entry
  5. No IVIG or subcutaneous immunoglobulin within the past month
  6. Patients on prednisone who have had alterations in prednisone dose over the past month prior to study entry
  7. Patients will previous known allergy or severe adverse reaction to intravenous or subcutaneous immunoglobulin
  8. Evidence of renal insufficiency (Cr>1.5 x elevated) or liver disease (transaminases > 2.5 x elevation) at screening.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04728425


Contacts
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Contact: Eduardo Ng, MD 4163404184 eduardo.ng@uhn.ca

Locations
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Canada, Ontario
University Health Network Recruiting
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2C4
Contact: Eduardo Ng, MD    4163404184    eduardo.ng@uhn.ca   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Health Network, Toronto
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Hans Katzberg, MD University Health Network, Toronto
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Responsible Party: Hans Katzberg, Neurologist, Principle Investigator, University Health Network, Toronto
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04728425    
Other Study ID Numbers: 19-5378.2
First Posted: January 28, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 23, 2022
Last Verified: November 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by Hans Katzberg, University Health Network, Toronto:
myasthenia gravis
IVIG
SCIG
subcutaneous immunoglobulin
intravenous immunoglobulin
MG
neuromuscular junction
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Myasthenia Gravis
Muscle Weakness
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Paraneoplastic Syndromes
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neuromuscular Junction Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Immunoglobulins
Immunoglobulins, Intravenous
Antibodies
gamma-Globulins
Rho(D) Immune Globulin
Immunoglobulin G
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs