Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

De-escalation Adjuvant Chemo in HER2+/ER-/Node-neg Early BC Patients Who Achieved pCR After Neoadjuvant Chemo & Dual HER2 Blockade (Decrescendo)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04675827
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : December 19, 2020
Last Update Posted : December 19, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Breast International Group
Hoffmann-La Roche
International Drug Development Institute
Institut Curie
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jules Bordet Institute

Brief Summary:

DECRESCENDO is a multicentre, open-label, dual-phase single-arm phase II de-escalation study evaluating neoadjuvant treatment with 12 administrations of weekly IV paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 (or IV docetaxel 75 mg/m2 every 3 weeks for 4 cycles) combined with subcutaneous (SC) fixed dose combination (FDC) of pertuzumab and trastuzumab (loading dose of 1200 mg pertuzumab and 600 mg trastuzumab, followed by 600 mg pertuzumab and 600 mg trastuzumab) every 3 weeks for 4 cycles.

Surgery will be performed according to local guidelines in all subjects after neoadjuvant treatment.

After surgery, subjects who achieve a pCR (defined as pT0/Tis pN0) will receive adjuvant pertuzumab and trastuzumab FDC SC for additional 14 cycles. Subjects with residual invasive disease will receive salvage adjuvant trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1, 3.6 mg/kg, IV every 3 weeks) for 14 cycles. In subjects whose residual invasive disease is classified per RCB score as ≥2, 3 to 4 cycles of anthracycline-based chemotherapy may be administered, at the investigator's discretion, before the 14 cycles of T-DM1.

If histopathological analysis finds that the surgical specimen from a subject with residual disease is ER-positive and/or PR-positive, adjuvant endocrine therapy may be administered concomitantly with study treatment, at the investigator's discretion and according to local guidelines.

Adjuvant radiotherapy will be mandatory after breast-conserving surgery, whereas it will be performed according to local guidelines after mastectomy, and it will be administered concomitantly with pertuzumab and trastuzumab FDC SC in subjects who achieve a pCR, and concomitantly with T-DM1 in subjects with residual invasive disease (after anthracycline-based chemotherapy in subjects assigned to receive this treatment).


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HER2-positive Breast Cancer ER-Negative Breast Cancer PR-Negative Breast Cancer Node-negative Breast Cancer Drug: Pertuzumab and tratuzumab FDC SC Drug: Trastuzumab emtansine Phase 2

Detailed Description:

DECRESCENDO is a multicentre, open-label, dual-phase single-arm phase II de-escalation study evaluating neoadjuvant treatment with 12 administrations of weekly intravenous (IV) paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 (or IV docetaxel 75 mg/m2 every 3 weeks for 4 cycles) combined with subcutaneous (SC) fixed dose combination (FDC) of pertuzumab and trastuzumab (loading dose of 1200 mg pertuzumab and 600 mg trastuzumab, followed by 600 mg pertuzumab and 600 mg trastuzumab) every 3 weeks for 4 cycles.

Surgery will be performed according to local guidelines in all subjects after neoadjuvant treatment.

After surgery, subjects who achieve a pathologic complete response (pCR, defined as pT0/Tis pN0) will receive adjuvant pertuzumab and trastuzumab FDC SC for additional 14 cycles. Subjects with residual invasive disease will receive salvage adjuvant trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1, 3.6 mg/kg, IV every 3 weeks) for 14 cycles. In subjects whose residual invasive disease is classified per Residual Cancer Burden (RCB) score as ≥2, 3 to 4 cycles of anthracycline-based chemotherapy may be administered, at the investigator's discretion, before the 14 cycles of T-DM1.

If histopathological analysis finds that the surgical specimen from a subject with residual disease is ER-positive and/or PR-positive, adjuvant endocrine therapy may be administered concomitantly with study treatment, at the investigator's discretion and according to local guidelines.

Adjuvant radiotherapy will be mandatory after breast-conserving surgery, whereas it will be performed according to local guidelines after mastectomy, and it will be administered concomitantly with pertuzumab and trastuzumab FDC SC in subjects who achieve a pCR, and concomitantly with T-DM1 in subjects with residual invasive disease (after anthracycline-based chemotherapy in subjects assigned to receive this treatment).

Patients' tumour intrinsic subtype will be determined based on analysis of the PAM50 gene signature. The PAM50 gene signature, which measures the expression of 50 genes to classify tumours into 1 of 4 intrinsic subtypes (luminal A, luminal B, HER2-enriched, and basal-like), will be assessed in formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) samples obtained at baseline. While a tumour biopsy sample must be available prior to enrolment, the PAM50 results will be generated centrally post enrolment and subsequently used to assess the primary endpoint of the study, which is the 3-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) rate in the subpopulation of subjects with HER2-enriched tumours who achieve a pCR after the neoadjuvant phase of the study.

Sub-study:

The flexible care sub-study is an open-label, randomised phase II study to be conducted in selected sites from some of the countries that participate in DECRESCENDO. After completion of neoadjuvant treatment and surgery in the main study, 121 of the subjects who achieved a pCR and thus are assigned to continue treatment with pertuzumab and trastuzumab FDC SC will be randomised at a 1:1 ratio to receive 3 cycles of pertuzumab and trastuzumab FDC SC every 3 weeks in the hospital, followed by 3 cycles in another setting outside the hospital, or to the same treatment starting with 3 cycles outside the hospital followed by 3 cycles in the hospital (treatment cross-over period). After the first 6 cycles of adjuvant treatment, subjects will be asked to choose between continuing treatment (for the remaining 8 cycles, for a total of 14 cycles) within or outside the hospital, according to their preference (treatment continuation period). Subjects can request to change from outside the hospital to in the hospital administration (and vice-versa) at any moment during the treatment continuation period, but not in the treatment cross-over period.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1065 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Eligible subjects will first receive neoadjuvant treatment then surgery. After surgery, subjects who achieve a pCR (RCB score at surgery = 0) will receive adjuvant pertuzumab and trastuzumab FDC SC for additional 14 cycles. Those with residual invasive disease (RCB score at surgery ≥ 1) will receive salvage adjuvant T-DM1 for 14 cycles. In subjects with RCB score as ≥2, 3 to 4 cycles of anthracycline-based chemotherapy may be administered, at the investigator's discretion, before the administration of T-DM1.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: De-Escalation of Adjuvant Chemotherapy in HER2-positive, Estrogen Receptor-negative, Node-negative Early Breast Cancer Patients Who Achieved Pathological Complete Response After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Dual HER2 Blockade
Estimated Study Start Date : March 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2027
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2029

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: RCB = 0

Treatment administration: adjuvant pertuzumab + trastuzumab (P+T) FDC SC for 14 cycles.

Sub-study: 121 of the subjects who achieved a pCR (thus assigned to continue treatment with P+T FDC SC) will be randomised at a 1:1 ratio to receive 3 cycles of P+T FDC SC in the hospital, followed by 3 cycles in another setting outside the hospital, or to the same treatment starting with 3 cycles outside the hospital followed by 3 cycles in the hospital (treatment cross-over period). After the first 6 cycles of adjuvant treatment, subjects will be asked to choose between continuing treatment (for the remaining 8 cycles, for a total of 14 cycles) within or outside the hospital, according to their preference (treatment continuation period). Subjects can request to change from outside the hospital to in the hospital administration (and vice-versa) at any moment during the treatment continuation period, but not in the treatment cross-over period.

Drug: Pertuzumab and tratuzumab FDC SC
Treatment administration: adjuvant pertuzumab + trastuzumab (P+T) FDC SC for 14 cycles
Other Name: Adjuvant pertuzumab + trastuzumab FDC SC for 14 cycles

Experimental: RCB > 0
Treatment administration:adjuvant T-DM1 for 14 cycles. In subjects whose residual invasive disease is classified per Residual Cancer Burden (RCB) score as ≥2, 3 to 4 cycles of anthracycline-based chemotherapy may be administered, at the investigator's discretion, before the 14 cycles of T-DM1.
Drug: Trastuzumab emtansine
Treatment administration: adjuvant T-DM1 for 14 cycles.
Other Name: Adjuvant T-DM1




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 3-year RFS in HER2-enriched subjects who achieve a pCR [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    3-year RFS, defined as the time from enrolment until the first occurrence of one of the following events: invasive ipsilateral breast tumour recurrence, local/regional invasive recurrence, distant recurrence, death from breast cancer, death attributable to any cause other than breast cancer, death from unknown cause; in subjects with HER2-enriched, ER-negative/PR-negative, clinically node-negative breast cancers who achieve a pCR after neoadjuvant treatment.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. 3-year RFS in all subjects who achieve a pCR. [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    3-year RFS in all subjects who achieve a pCR.

  2. 5-year RFS in all subjects who achieve a pCR. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    5-year RFS in all subjects who achieve a pCR.

  3. pCR (in the overall population) [ Time Frame: during procedure ]
    To assess pCR rates in the overall population and by primary tumour dimension. pCR (in the overall population) is defined as the absence of residual invasive tumour in the breast and axillary lymph nodes (pT0/Tis pN0) at surgery as per the local anatomo-pathological report.

  4. pCR (by pCR achievement group) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

    To assess, by pCR achievement group (pCR and residual invasive disease) the following outcomes:

    • 3-year RFS
    • Recurrence-free interval (RFI)
    • 3-year invasive disease-free survival (iDFS),
    • 3-year distant disease-free survival (dDFS)
    • 3-year overall survival (OS) All these outcomes will be analysed in all subjects and stratified by tumour size (T1 vs T2).

  5. pCR (by pCR achievement group) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

    To assess, by pCR achievement group (pCR and residual invasive disease) the following outcomes:

    • 5-year RFS
    • Recurrence-free interval (RFI)
    • 5-year invasive disease-free survival (iDFS),
    • 5-year distant disease-free survival (dDFS)
    • 5-year overall survival (OS) All these outcomes will be analysed in all subjects and stratified by tumour size (T1 vs T2).

  6. The adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: through study completion (estimated 60 months) ]

    To evaluate the short-and long-term safety of paclitaxel, docetaxel, pertuzumab and trastuzumab FDC SC, T-DM1.

    Safety of paclitaxel, docetaxel, pertuzumab and trastuzumab FDC SC and trastuzumab emtansine is defined as the frequency of adverse events reported according to NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 5.0.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female.
  2. Age ≥18 years old.
  3. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤1.
  4. Subjects whose tumour measures ≥15 mm and ≤50 mm, according to clinical staging performed with imaging exams (either mammography, ultrasound or breast magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]).
  5. Must have histologically confirmed diagnosis of HER2-positive and ER-negative/PR-negative breast cancer (analysis performed by the local laboratory).

    1. HER2-positive defined as a score of 3+ in IHC or a positive ISH (ratio of HER2 copy number/chromosome 17 ≥2 or average HER2 copy number ≥6 signals per cell).
    2. ER-negative/PR-negative defined as estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor nuclear staining <1% by IHC.
  6. Subjects with multifocal or multicentric invasive disease are eligible as long as all the lesions can be characterised and are confirmed to be HER2-positive and ER and PR negative.
  7. Node-negative disease (N0): no axillary lymph nodes identifiable at ultrasound, or in case of suspect axillary lymph nodes are identified, fine-needle aspiration or core biopsy must be carried out to confirm that axillary status is negative. Axillary micrometastases (i.e., if the greatest diameter of the nodal metastasis in a sentinel node is 0.2 mm or less) are not allowed.
  8. Serum pregnancy test (for women of childbearing potential) negative within 7 days prior to treatment start.
  9. Women of childbearing potential must agree to use 1 highly effective non-hormonal contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year from the signing of the ICF until at least 7 months after last dose of study drugs; or they must totally abstain from any form of sexual intercourse. Men with a partner of childbearing potential must agree to use condom in combination with a spermicidal foam, gel, film, cream, or suppository, and agreement to refrain from donating sperm, during the course of this study and for at least 7 months after the last administration of study treatment.
  10. Adequate bone marrow and coagulation functions as defined below:

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥1500 /µL or 1.5x109/L
    • Haemoglobin ≥9 g/dL (blood transfusions to reach these levels of haemoglobin are allowed)
    • Platelets ≥100,000/µL or 100x109/L
    • International normalized ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) ≤ 1.5 ×ULN
  11. Adequate liver function as defined below:

    • Serum total bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN. In case of known Gilbert's syndrome ≤3xUNL is allowed
    • AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤2.5 x ULN
    • Alkaline phosphatase ≤2.5 x ULN
  12. Adequate renal function as defined below:

    • Creatinine ≤1.5 x UNL or creatinine clearance >60 mL/min/1.73 m2

  13. Completion of all necessary screening procedures within 28 days prior to enrolment.
  14. Adequate cardiac function, defined as a left ventricular ejection fraction ≥55% estimated by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multiple-gated acquisition scintigraphy (MUGA).
  15. Availability of a pre-treatment tumour biopsy sample as specified below:

    • At least one FFPE tumour block must be available for central evaluation. Whenever possible, two FFPE tumour blocks should be available (preferred).
    • If a block cannot be provided, 25 unstained FFPE slides of 4 µm thickness from the pre-treatment tumour biopsy must be provided as an alternative. These slides must be freshly cut prior the shipment to the sponsor.
    • In either case, the local pathologist must evaluate an H&E stained slide to ensure that the tumour surface is at least 4 mm² and that tumour cellularity is ≥10%.

    Note: Tumour biopsy must be sent to the central research laboratory as soon as the patient is confirmed by the local investigator to be eligible for the study.

  16. Signed Informed Consent form (ICF) obtained prior to any study related procedure.
  17. Subject is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including treatment and scheduled visits and examinations.

    Inclusion criterion applicable to FRANCE only:

  18. Affiliated to the French Social Security System.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnant and/or lactating women.
  2. Bilateral invasive breast cancer.
  3. Evidence of metastatic breast cancer: all subjects must have had a CT/MRI scan of the thorax/abdomen/pelvis to rule out metastatic breast cancer prior to enrolment. FDG/PET-CT can be used as an alternative to replace all the exams above. A screening bone scan must have been done if ALP and/or corrected calcium levels were above the institutional upper limits at screening (if PET/CT was used as an alternative imaging exam, a bone scan and/or CT/MRI is not required).
  4. Subject with a significant medical, neuro-psychiatric, or surgical condition, currently uncontrolled by treatment, which, in the investigator's opinion, may interfere with completion of the study.
  5. Previous exposure to any anti-HER2 treatment.
  6. Concomitant exposure to any investigational products as part of a clinical trial within 30 days prior to enrolment.
  7. Subject with second primary malignancies diagnosed ≤ 5 years before enrolment in the study. Exceptions are: adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, in situ cancer of the cervix, ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast, and any other solid or haematological tumour diagnosed > 5 years before enrolment and for which no chemotherapy and no systemic treatment were necessary, with no evidence of disease recurrence.
  8. Resting electrocardiogram (ECG) with QTc >470 msec detected on at 2 or more time points within a 24-hour period, or family history of long QT syndrome.
  9. Serious cardiac illness or medical conditions including, but not confined to, the following:

    • History of NCI CTCAE (v4) Grade ≥ 3 symptomatic congestive heart failure (CHF) or New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class ≥ II
    • High-risk uncontrolled arrhythmias (i.e., atrial tachycardia with a heart rate = or > 100/min at rest, significant ventricular arrhythmia [ventricular tachycardia], or higher-grade atrioventricular [AV]-block, such as second degree AV-block Type 2 [Mobitz 2] or third-degree AV-block) - Serious cardiac arrhythmia not controlled by adequate medication, severe conduction abnormality
    • Angina pectoris requiring anti-anginal medication
    • Clinically significant valvular heart disease
    • Evidence of transmural infarction on ECG
    • Evidence of myocardial infarction within 12 months prior to randomization
    • Poorly controlled hypertension (i.e., systolic > 180 mm Hg or diastolic > 100 mmHg)
  10. History of ventricular dysrhythmias or risk factors for ventricular dysrhythmias, such as structural heart disease (e.g., severe LVSD, left ventricular hypertrophy), coronary heart disease (symptomatic or with ischemia demonstrated by diagnostic testing), clinically significant electrolyte abnormalities (e.g., hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hypocalcemia), or family history of sudden unexplained death or long QT syndrome.
  11. Peripheral neuropathy (CTCAE version 5) grade ≥2.
  12. Major surgery within 14 days prior to enrolment.
  13. Subject with HIV, Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C infection documented by serology, except for those subjects with a previous exposure to Hepatitis B who developed an effective immune response (HBSAg-negative and anti-HBS-positive).
  14. Previous allogeneic bone marrow transplant.
  15. Known prior severe hypersensitivity to investigational product or any component in its formulations, including known severe hypersensitivity reactions to monoclonal antibodies (CTCAE grade ≥3).
  16. Subjects who received live attenuated vaccines within 14 days before enrolment.

    Exclusion criterion applicable to FRANCE only:

  17. Vulnerable persons according to the article L.1121-6 of the CSP, adults who are the subject of a measure of legal protection or unable to express their consent according to article L.1121-8 of the CSP.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04675827


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Chloé Velghe 00322541 ext 7366 ctsu.decrescendo@bordet.be
Contact: Marilyn Duquesne 00322541 ext 7364 ctsu.decrescendo@bordet.be

Sponsors and Collaborators
Jules Bordet Institute
Breast International Group
Hoffmann-La Roche
International Drug Development Institute
Institut Curie
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Chair: Martine Piccart, PD, PhD Jules Bordet Institute
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Jules Bordet Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04675827    
Other Study ID Numbers: IJB-EBC-Decrescendo-2020
First Posted: December 19, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 19, 2020
Last Verified: November 2020

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by Jules Bordet Institute:
Breast Cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Trastuzumab
Pertuzumab
Ado-trastuzumab emtansine
Maytansine
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action