Comparison of Muscle Energy Techniques and Breathing Exercises for Functional Improvement in Fibromyalgia (MET)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04674878|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 19, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 23, 2021
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Fibromyalgia||Other: METs Other: Breathing exercise group||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||26 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Single (Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Comparison of Muscle Energy Techniques (METS) With Breathing Exercises to Improve Functional Outcomes in Patients of Fibromyalgia.|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 25, 2020|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||January 15, 2021|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||January 20, 2021|
Experimental: MET group
METs for accessory muscles of respiration including sternocleidomastoid, scalenes and trapezius given thrice a week for 8 weeks.
The isometric contraction of 7 sec will be applied followed by a stretching of 30 sec in painless range. This treatment will be given to the both sides of the neck targeting the three major accessory muscles of respiration.
Active Comparator: Breathing exercise group
Diaphragmatic breathing, pursed lip breathing and diaphragmatic breathing with resistance given thrice a week for 8 weeks.
Other: Breathing exercise group
Three exercises will be performed in a circuit, 2 circuits in every session. It will include diaphragmatic breathing exercise in which patient will be in supine position inhaling through nose and expiration through moth with half closed lips. Second exercise pursed lip breathing also in supine position with the hands on abdomen and then inspiration through nose and expiration through mouth with half closing of lips. Third exercise resisted diaphragmatic breathing also in same pattern as second exercise with an addition of 1 kg weight on abdomen.
- Numeric Pain Rating Scale for pain (NPRS) [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]The Numeric Pain Rating Scale is a subjective measure, in which individuals rate their pain on an eleven point numeric scale. The scale is composed of 0 (no pain at all) to 10 (worst imaginable pain).
- Fibromyalgia impact questionnaire (FIQ) [ Time Frame: 4 and 8 weeks ]The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire is an assessment and evaluation instrument developed to measure fibromyalgia patient status, progress and functional capacity. It has been designed to measure the components of health status that are believed to be the most affected by FM.
- 6 Minute walk test (6MWT) [ Time Frame: 4 and 8 weeks ]The 6-min walk test is a submaximal exercise test that entails measurement of distance walk over a span of 6 min. The 6-minute walk distance provides a measure for integrated global response of multiple cardiopulmonary and musculoskeletal systems involved in exercise.
- Pittsburgh sleep Quality Index (PSQI) [ Time Frame: 4 and 8 weeks ]The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index is a self-report questionnaire assesses sleep quality over a 1-month time interval. The measure consists of 19 individual items, creating 7 components that produces one global score and takes 5-10 minutes to complete.
- Measuring tape for the thoracoabdominal mobility indices [ Time Frame: 4 and 8 weeks ]Measuring tape is used to measure thoracoabdominal expansion at three levels which are Axilla, Xiphoid and Navel.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04674878
|Riphah International University|
|Rawalpindi, Federal, Pakistan, 44000|
|Principal Investigator:||Suman Sheraz, PhD*||Riphah International University|