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Efficacy Confirmation Study of NPC-09

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04671472
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 17, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 12, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nobelpharma

Brief Summary:
GNE myopathy is a distal myopathy that is thought to be caused by a mutation in the GNE gene that encodes an enzyme in the biosynthetic process of aceneuramic acid (typical sialic acid). The investigators will examine the efficacy and safety of aceneuramic acid (SA-ER tablets) 6g daily for 48 weeks in patients with GNE myopathy in a placebo-controlled, double-blind, controlled trial.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
GNE Myopathy Distal Myopathy With Rimmed Vacuoles (DMRV) Hereditary Inclusion Body Myopathy (hIBM) Nonaka Disease Drug: NPC-09 Drug: NPC-09 placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:

GNE myopathy is a distal myopathy that is thought to be caused by a mutation in the GNE gene that encodes an enzyme in the biosynthetic process of aceneuramic acid (typical sialic acid). It is an extremely rare progressive muscle disease, often occurring in the late teens to 30s, usually affecting the distal lower leg, especially the extensor muscles such as the tibialis anterior muscle, first, and weakness in both upper and lower limbs. However, the weakness of the quadriceps femoris is usually gradual. Although there are large individual differences, health management and deterioration of QOL will eventually become a problem, and in severe cases, constant assistance is required in daily life.

A double-blind comparative study conducted in Japan provided results suggesting efficacy, but the efficacy could not be confirmed in a large-scale international clinical trial, so this study is decided to be conducted. Oral administration of aceneuramic acid tablets 500 mg (SA-ER tablets) or placebo tablets of the same appearance, 4 tablets at a time, 3 times a day for 48 weeks will be examined for differences in efficacy. The target was a total of 10 cases, 7 cases in the active drug group, and 3 in the placebo group. The amount of change in upper extremity composite score (the sum of the average of the right and left HHD scores for grip, shoulder abductors, elbow flexors and elbow extensors) was used, and the secondary endpoints were the doctor's comprehensive evaluation and the GNE myopathy functional activity scale.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 10 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy Confirmation Study of NPC-09
Actual Study Start Date : February 8, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 31, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 30, 2022


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Aceneuramic acid tablets
Aceneuramic acid tablets 6 g/day, divided 3 times a day for 48 weeks
Drug: NPC-09
The drug will be administered by the oral route with the same manner
Other Name: Aceneuramic acid tablets

Placebo Comparator: Aceneuramic acid placebo tablets
Matching placebo 3 times a day for 48 weeks
Drug: NPC-09 placebo
The drug will be administered by the oral route with the same manner
Other Name: Aceneuramic acid matching placebo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline in the upper extremity composite score (the sum of the average of the right and left muscle strength measured by HHD (Hand held dynamometer) (kg) for grip, shoulder abductors, elbow flexors and elbow extensors) [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    Muscle strength based on the maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) is measured.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The effective rate in comprehensive judgement by the investigator [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]

    The investigator judges based on below 1 ~ 4 items.

    1. The manual muscle testing (0 - 5) or grip strength (kg)
    2. the upper extremity composite score (kg)
    3. the change in the upper extremity composite score (kg) compared with the transition of non-active drug administered GNE myopathy patients
    4. the other secondary endpoints

  2. Change from Baseline in GNE Myopathy Functional Activity Scale (GNEM-FAS) upper extremity domain score [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    Upper extremity functional activity is assessed using the upper extremity domain sore of the GNEM-FAS instrument. It consists of 8 items (score 0-4 for each item), total domain score is 0 to 32 with higher scores representing greater activity.

  3. Changes from Baseline in Individual muscle strength: Grip, shoulder abductors, elbow flexors, and elbow extensors comprising the upper extremity composite score (kg) [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    Muscle strength based on the maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) is measured.

  4. Change from baseline in knee extensors muscle strength (kg) [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    Muscle strength based on the maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) is measured.

  5. Change from Baseline in GNE Myopathy Functional Activity Scale (GNEM-FAS) mobility domain score [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    Mobility functional activity is assessed using the mobility domain sore of the GNEM-FAS instrument. It consists of 10 items (score 0-4 for each item), total domain score is 0 to 40 with higher scores representing greater activity.

  6. Change from Baseline in GNE Myopathy Functional Activity Scale (GNEM-FAS) self-care domain score [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    Self-care functional activity is assessed using the self-care domain sore of the GNEM-FAS instrument. It consists of 7 items (score 0-4 for each item), total domain score is 0 to 28 with higher scores representing greater activity.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Willing and able to provide written, signed informed consent after the nature of the study has been explained, and before any research-related procedures are conducted
  • Have a documented diagnosis of GNEM, HIBM, distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles (DMRV), or Nonaka disease due to previously demonstrated mutations in the gene encoding the GNE/MNK enzyme (genotyping will not be conducted in this study)
  • Male or female, aged 18 - 50 years at Screening
  • Those who have a score of 24 points or more on the upper limbs of GNEM-FAS (GNE Myopathy Functional Activity Scale) and a disease period of 5 years or more and 15 years or less
  • Those whose upper limb muscle weakness has been confirmed from the results of manual muscle testing or grip strength measurements over the past few years, or if he / she has participated in the previous clinical trial*, those who could confirm the upper extremity composite score decreased during the investigational drug is not administered.
  • Able to provide reproducible force in elbow flexors (i.e. two dynamometry force values with no more than 15% variability in the dominant arm) at Screening
  • Willing and able to comply with all study procedures
  • Participants of child-bearing potential or with partners of child-bearing potential who have not undergone a bilateral sapling-oophorectomy and are sexually active must consent to use an effective method of contraception as determined by the site investigator (i.e. oral hormonal contraceptives, patch hormonal contraceptives, vaginal ring, intrauterine device, physical double-barrier methods, surgical hysterectomy, vasectomy, tubal ligation or true abstinence) from the period following the signing of the informed consent through 3 months after last dose of study drug
  • Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at Screening and be willing to have additional pregnancy tests during the study.
  • Females considered not of childbearing potential include those who have been in menopause for at least two years, have had tubal ligation at least one year prior to Screening, or who have had a total hysterectomy or bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
  • Willing and able to provide written, signed informed consent after the nature of the study has been explained, and before any research-related procedures are conducted

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Ingestion of N-acetyl-D-mannosamine (ManNAc), SA, or related metabolites; intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG); or anything that can be metabolized to produce SA in the body within 60 days prior to the Screening Visit
  • Has had any hypersensitivity to the investigational drug (SA-ER or its excipients) that, in the judgment of the investigator, places the subject at increased risk for adverse effects
  • History of more than 30 days treatment with SA-ER and/or SA-IR in prior clinical trials in the past year
  • Has serum transaminase (i.e. aspartate aminotransferase [AST] or gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase [GGT]) levels greater than 3X the upper limit of normal (ULN) for age/gender, or serum creatinine of greater than 2X ULN at Screening
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding at Screening or planning to become pregnant (self or partner) at any time during the study
  • Use of any investigational product or investigational medical device within 30 days prior to Screening, or anticipated requirement for any investigational agent prior to completion of all scheduled study assessments
  • Has a condition of such severity and acuity, in the opinion of the investigator, that it warrants immediate surgical intervention or other treatment or may not allow safe participation in the study
  • Has a concurrent disease, active suicidal ideation, or other condition that, in the view of the investigator, places the subject at high risk of poor treatment adherence or of not completing the study, or would interfere with study participation or would affect safety
  • More than 400 mL blood donation within 16 weeks
  • Presence of alcohol or drug dependency
  • Those whom the investigator judges not to be appropriate for the subject

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04671472


Locations
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Japan
Nagoya University Hospital
Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
Tohoku University Hospital
Sendai, Miyagi, Japan
Osaka University Hospital
Suita, Osaka, Japan
National Center Hospital of Neurology and Psychiatry Hospita
Kodaira, Tokyo, Japan
Kumamoto University Hospital
Kumamoto, Japan
Sponsors and Collaborators
Nobelpharma
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Responsible Party: Nobelpharma
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04671472    
Other Study ID Numbers: NPC-09-1
First Posted: December 17, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 12, 2021
Last Verified: April 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Nobelpharma:
GNE myopathy
Distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles (DMRV)
Hereditary inclusion body myopathy (hIBM)
Nonaka disease
sialic acid
aceneuramic acid
N-acetylneuraminic acid
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Muscular Diseases
Distal Myopathies
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Muscular Dystrophies
Muscular Disorders, Atrophic
Genetic Diseases, Inborn