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Foot Wear Modification Along With Physical Therapy in Knee Osteoarthritis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04536519
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 2, 2020
Last Update Posted : September 2, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Usman janjua, Isra University

Brief Summary:

Orthotics and Prosthetics are important areas where physiotherapists order a variety of assistive aids to restore, compensate, or prevent physical ailments and disorders, such as here, Knee Osteoarthritis.

This study will be helpful not only in establishing the role of footwear modification as an adjunct treatment protocol for knee osteoarthritis but also elicit a multidisciplinary team approach which is a much-needed area, especially in the emergency rehabilitation area.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteo Arthritis Knee Other: osteoarthritis management Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

2.1 MULTIDISCIPLINARY TEAM APPROACH As defined by World Health Organization, Curriculum Contents and International Practice Patterns, physical therapy is an autonomous profession where clinical make clinical decisions based on clinical reasoning, differentially diagnose, determine prognosis, and make plan of care including discharge planning and outcome assessment.

Orthotics and Prosthetics are important areas where physiotherapist order variety of assistive aids to restore, compensate or prevent physical ailments and disorders, such as here, Knee Osteoarthritis.

This study will be helpful not only establishing role of foot wear modification as adjunct treatment protocol for knee osteoarthritis but also elicit a multidisciplinary team approach which is a much needed area especially in emergency rehabilitation area.

2.2 LITERATURE GAP Although, there is work on performance of modified foot wears, which have been studied mostly alone or as adjunct with pharmacology. There is less literature on conservative treatment of osteoarthritis with foot wear modification coupled with physiotherapy treatment. This study will create a unique impact paying ways for type of preferable footwear that should be used, based on results, and combining treatment with physiotherapy care.

2.3 UNSETTLED DEBATE OVER TYPE OF FOOTWEAR The debate is still underway, worldwide, regarding which shoe type or foot wear should be preferred over other. The study results will come up with a contribution towards determining right foot wear for osteoarthritis.

2.4 COST EFFECTIVENESS The knee osteoarthritis is a problem that degenerative in nature and is triggered due to posture and abnormal force distribution. Right shoes are proven to alter walk posture, step length and degree of ease in walk. This simple remedy can be integral for reduction in care cost by minimizing disability and pain.

2.5 NOVEL SHOE MAKING APPROACH Although, advising foot wears and its modification is technical phenomenon, yet, this study can impact formulation of a shoe pattern that can help the arthritis patients. This can open new shoe making approach on public shoe outlets, from where old age individuals can directly buy the shoes that be the potential healer and disease modifier.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: a randomized controlled trial with 2 group
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Masking Description: It was a double blinded study in which assessors and patientswere blinded. Close shoe type make it possible to blind patients because receiving identical conventional treatment in both groups.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects Of Foot Wear Modification Along With Physical Therapy On Functional Status In Knee Osteoarthritis
Actual Study Start Date : October 5, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 10, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Lateral Heel Wedged Insole Alone with physical therapy

the lateral heel wedged insole (19) comprised non-custom, high density based on insoles of ethyl-vinyl acetate distributed bilaterally, preferably, covered in leather, were used in the study. The insole were equipped with a lateral wedge of 50 to 60.

In the case of unilateral knee osteoarthritis, the non-wedge insole were used to compensate for possible leg length discrepancy in the contra-lateral leg. Shoes used was based on gymnast type to keep wedge insole in place. This further finalized individual to individual with unanimous decisions of Cordwainers, orthotics, and principal researcher, physiotherapist.

Other: osteoarthritis management

The conventional physical therapy will be consisted of an array of protocols being deployed in parallel. This will consist of

  • Patient education regarding deforming forces, strategies of prevention and home exercise program
  • Decreasing stiffness by controlled active range of motion and mobilization techniques involving join play.
  • Mechanical stresses will be controlled in form of support provided by foot wear modification
  • Range of motion will be increased muscle stretches and manual mobilization techniques
  • Muscle performance and neuromuscular control will be addressed by gentle exercises of low intensity and repetitive exercises.
  • Balance improvement by employing balance training activities as part of treatment
  • Physical conditioning low impact or non-impact aerobics This conventional exercise will be given as baseline treatment to both of groups.
Other Name: physical therapy

Active Comparator: Lateral aand medial Heel Wedged Insole with physiotherapy
medial arch support part were combine with aforementioned lateral heel wedged support, full length support. There is a debate, however, 4 to 6 mm of full length support is considered to be effective for required alteration in mechanics
Other: osteoarthritis management

The conventional physical therapy will be consisted of an array of protocols being deployed in parallel. This will consist of

  • Patient education regarding deforming forces, strategies of prevention and home exercise program
  • Decreasing stiffness by controlled active range of motion and mobilization techniques involving join play.
  • Mechanical stresses will be controlled in form of support provided by foot wear modification
  • Range of motion will be increased muscle stretches and manual mobilization techniques
  • Muscle performance and neuromuscular control will be addressed by gentle exercises of low intensity and repetitive exercises.
  • Balance improvement by employing balance training activities as part of treatment
  • Physical conditioning low impact or non-impact aerobics This conventional exercise will be given as baseline treatment to both of groups.
Other Name: physical therapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. knee osteoarthritis outcome score [ Time Frame: 24 week ]
    questionaire used to evaluate charecteristics of knee joint

  2. The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index [ Time Frame: 24 week ]
    questionaire used to evaluate charecteristics of knee joint

  3. Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 24 week ]
    The Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36) is used to indicate the health status of particular populations, to help with service planning and to measure the impact of clinical and social interventions. Culture-specific data are required to calculate SF-36 norm-based scores.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Manual Muscle Testing [ Time Frame: 24 week ]
    muscle grading and power evaluation



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • both gender
  • diagnosed patient with knee osteoarthritis on clinical and radiographic basis,
  • aged 50 years or above,
  • knee pain from at least one month with an intensity equal or more than 4 on 11 points Numeric rating pain scale,
  • falling between grade 2-3 on Kellgren-Lawrence Classification System for knee osteoarthritis,
  • having BMI range between 22-25 kg/m2 and participating in study with their own will with a signed consent form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • trauma in knee region,
  • having knee or lower limb surgery for fracture or arthroplasty,
  • getting steroid based intra-articular injection or physiotherapy treatment in last 6 months,
  • getting lidocaine intra-articular injection in last one month, with condition of systemic arthritic condition, severe co-morbidities or
  • serious medical conditions or systemic disease causing dependent edema making difficult to wear foot wear in open or close shoes.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04536519


Locations
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Pakistan
Janjua Rehab Center, Gujranwala
Gujrānwāla, Punjab, Pakistan
Sponsors and Collaborators
Isra University
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Responsible Party: Usman janjua, director Janjua rehab center, Isra University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04536519    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1502-PHD-001
First Posted: September 2, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 2, 2020
Last Verified: August 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Transcript and interview recording will be kept in a password protected environment. Identifying details will be taken out during data collection and analysis, any final report and any publication so people reading these will not able to identify these details. The documents pertaining to the administration of the research, such as consent form will be kept in a folder called project folder. This is a locked away security. People who are allowed to see the documents cannot pass this information to anyone else. All the documents will be destroyed after 7 years while audio recording will be erased after 2 years. Only staff involved in the data collection and analysis and people in authority will know the identity of the patients. Patients who will meet the criteria, their recruitment process will be kept secret only staff physiotherapist will know about it.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Usman janjua, Isra University:
osteoarthritis
knee joint
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis, Knee
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases