Don't get left behind! The modernized is coming. Check it out now.
Say goodbye to!
The new site is coming soon - go to the modernized
Working… Menu

PARADIGM: Amplatzer Valvular Plug for PVL Closure (PARADIGM)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04489823
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : July 28, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 16, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Abbott Medical Devices

Brief Summary:
The Paradigm study is a prospective, multicenter, single arm study to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of the AVP III as a treatment for clinically significant PVLs following surgical implant of a mechanical or biological heart valve implanted in the aortic or mitral position.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Paravalvular Aortic Regurgitation Device: Amplatzer Valvular Plug III Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
PARADIGM is a prospective, international, multi-center, single arm study to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of the AVP III for percutaneous, transcatheter closure of PVLs occurring after aortic or mitral valve replacement with a surgically-implanted mechanical or bioprosthetic valve. The study will be conducted at up to 25 clinical sites in the US, EU and Canada, where a total of 200 subjects with a clinically significant PVL will undergo an AVP III implant procedure for PVL closure. Pre-procedural Baseline and follow-up assessments at Discharge, 30 days, 6 months and 1 year will include echocardiography, physical examinations, lab measurements and questionnaires to assess PVL severity, prosthetic valve function, hemolytic anemia, heart failure symptoms, and quality of life. Adverse events will be recorded throughout the study.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: PARADIGM PARAvalvular Leak Closure With the Amplatzer Valvular Plug occluDer for Interventional Transcatheter Closure for PVL With Surgical bioloGical and Mechanical Heart Valve
Actual Study Start Date : December 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2024

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Paravalvular Leak Closure
Includes all eligible subjects who undergo an AVP III implant attempt for treatment of significant paravalvular leakage with an echocardiographic severity grade of moderate or higher. This is a single arm study.
Device: Amplatzer Valvular Plug III
Transcatheter closure of a paravalvular leak using Amplatzer Valvular Plug III

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Paravalvular leak closure success rate (percent of subjects) [ Time Frame: 30 Days ]
    Defined as AVPIII placement in the intended location without interference with the prosthetic valve or intraprocedural mortality with at least a 2 severity-grade reduction in paravalvular regurgitation at exit from the procedure and freedom from unplanned AVPIII-related transcatheter or surgical reintervention through 30 days post-implant.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject is implanted with a mechanical or biological surgical valve in the aortic or mitral position
  • Note: Subjects in European countries can only be implanted with a mechanical valve in the aortic or mitral position
  • Subject has a clinically significant paravalvular leak with a severity grade of moderate or higher, associated with signs of heart failure and/or hemolysis necessitating recurring blood transfusions.
  • Subject has one clinically significant PVL defect that can be closed with a single AVP III as assessed pre-procedurally
  • Subject has provided written informed consent
  • Subject is ≥18 years old

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has a rocking valve or extreme dehiscence of the prosthetic valve involving more than 40% of the sewing ring
  • Subject's PVL(s) originates from a transcatheter aortic or mitral valve replacement, or from rapid deployment or sutureless surgical replacement valves
  • Subject has a prosthetic aortic valve and prosthetic mitral valve which both have a clinically significant paravalvular leak.
  • Subject who is hemodynamically unstable or who cannot undergo an elective procedure
  • Subject with active endocarditis or other active infection
  • Subject has within the last 6 months a previously documented intracardiac mass, vegetation, tumor, or thrombus which would interfere with placement of the AVP III
  • Subject has inadequate vasculature for delivery of the AVP III
  • Subject has unsuitable anatomy for PVL closure using the AVP III (such as a PVL associated with an abscess cavity or a pseudoaneurysmal sac) or anatomy where the AVP III would interfere with other intracardiac or intravascular structures (such coronary ostia)
  • Subjects who are unable to receive intraprocedural anticoagulant therapy
  • Pregnant or nursing subjects or subjects who plan pregnancy during the clinical investigation follow-up period.
  • Presence of other anatomic or comorbid conditions, or other medical, social, or psychological conditions that, in the investigator's opinion, could limit the subject's ability to participate in the clinical investigation or to comply with follow-up requirements, or impact the scientific soundness of the clinical investigation results.
  • Life expectancy is less than 1 year in the opinion of the Investigator
  • Incapacitated individuals, defined as persons with mental illnesses or handicaps that impair their ability to provide informed consent, or individuals without legal authority to provide informed consent.
  • Individual who are currently participating in an investigational drug or device study that has not reached the primary endpoint or that may confound the results of this study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04489823

Show Show 29 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Abbott Medical Devices
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Carlos Ruiz, M.D., Ph.D Hackensack Meridian Health
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Abbott Medical Devices Identifier: NCT04489823    
Other Study ID Numbers: ABT-CIP-10309
First Posted: July 28, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 16, 2023
Last Verified: May 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Device Product Not Approved or Cleared by U.S. FDA: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Aortic Valve Insufficiency
Aortic Valve Disease
Heart Valve Diseases
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases