Efficacy of Physiotherapy Techniques on Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). Pilot Study. (IBS)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04486469|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 24, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 24, 2020
Introduction and State of Question Irritable Bowel Syndrome can be classified as a functional digestive disorder characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in the frequency and consistency of bowel movements. Recent studies endorse the use of physical therapies for its symptomatic treatment. With the present study investigators wanted to verify the effectiveness of physiotherapy techniques in order to alleviate or eliminate the symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
Material and Methods Investigators have carried out an uncontrolled pilot clinical trial in a sample of 24 patients diagnosed with Irritable Bowel Syndrome in two hospitals in the Region of Murcia. Among the measurement tools used, we highlight the use of the IBS-Severity Scale, IBS-QoL, STAI and spirometry tests.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Irritable Bowel Syndrome||Other: Physical Therapy Group||Not Applicable|
Scope of treatment: From the Digestive System Services, patients who meet the criteria described above, will be referred to the Rehabilitation Services of the Virgin of Arrixaca and Reina Sofía University Hospital, and then, to the physiotherapy unit. At the same time, the researcher will contact these patients to manage the appointments proposed in physiotherapy. The physical treatment to be applied individually has a duration of 40 min per session, establishing a maximum of 8 sessions and a minimum of 3 sessions. This treatment is described below: the first three weeks: (3 days / week)
Performing direct physical treatment on the diaphragm, using stretching, followed by teaching exercises for re-education of the abdomen and diaphragm. (20 min):
A) Direct physical treatment on the diaphragm. It refers to the stretching of the xiphoid and costal portions. With the patient in the supine position and the hips flexed 90º, investigator take advantage of the abdominal-diaphragmatic respiration in its expiratory component to stretch these portions, trying to penetrate with fingertips over the xiphoid and costal edge and maintaining the position with each gain, performing a maximum of 3 winnings.
B) Abdomino-diaphragmatic reeducation: With the patient in the supine position and the hips flexed 90º, investigator will place the hands in the abdominal area and ask pacient to try to push the hands upwards taking air with the belly. Once the patient have become aware investigator will put up some resistance to the movement. Investigator will avoid possible compensations by controlling the expansion of the rib cage if necessary. Next investigator will ask patient to associate movements of the pelvic scale during breathing. In inspiration, investigator will ask patient to slightly push the sacrum on the stretcher and in ESP, then investigator will ask patient to bring the pelvis back tightening the buttocks as trying to retain defecation. (10min)
- Transcutaneous retrograde electrostimulation: L1-L4 (2hz-10hz) rectangular asymmetric biphasic at the level of the dermatome. From the anterior inferior iliac spine to a pubic symphysis. Second canal from the greater trochanter to the saphenous veins. (30 min). For this, investigator use the TENS STIM-PRO T-800 device. European Certificate of Conformity (CE 2460). The investigator use program of acupuncture TENS according to the Sjound and Erikson theory of endorphin release, with a neuromodulating objective. Parameters of this program: 2 Hz and 180ms, for 30 min. Investigator should increase the intensity measured in Milli-Amps until it produces contraction for a few seconds, then lower it until the contraction is no longer visible. This therapy can be applied during manual therapy treatment, be it diaphragmatic stretching, abdominal massage and diaphragmatic reeducation.
- Connective Tissue Massage or Dicke (10 min): Investigator place the patient sitting on the table and ask that the lumbar area and gluteal and sacral area be discovered. Without the help of oils or creams, investigator have to make three strokes with the help of the ulnar edge of the hand and the 3rd and 5th finger. This therapy may arise that the patient has to go to the bathroom before, during or after treatment due to the activation of the renal system through stimulation of the cuti-visceral reflex.
- Massage with direct maneuvers on the abdomen: It is a massage specially indicated to facilitate intestinal mobility and transit in the large intestine. For its realization investigator can apply creams or oils. The direction of the maneuvers will be clockwise. It is important to apply the not pain rule. Investigator will start with a superficial friction, followed by a spiral massage in the intestinal area. Next, perform 6 very slow strokes adding small pressures on the ascending, transverse and descending colon respectively and repeating this maneuver 3 times. (10min)
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||24 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||24 patients diagnosed with Irritable Bowel Syndrome|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Masking Description:||The patients were cited for individual sessions in a close space so they did not know if they all received the same treatment.|
|Official Title:||Efficacy of Physiotherapy Techniques on Irritable Bowel Syndrome|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 30, 2019|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||May 30, 2020|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||June 24, 2020|
Experimental: Subjects with Irritable bowel syndrome
Experimental group is formed with 24 patients diagnosed with IBS treated in the digestive system service of the Virgen de la Arrixaca and Reina Sofía General University Hospitals.
Other: Physical Therapy Group
- "Change from Baseline IBS-Severity Index at month"- [ Time Frame: "up to four weeks" ]The severity questionnaire is divided into 3 sections. The first is the main one, and collects information about the severity. It contains 4 questions, each with a maximum score of 100 using visual analog scales, out of a maximum score of 500.
- "Change from Baseline IBS-QoL score at month"- [ Time Frame: "up to four weeks" ]It is a self-administered questionnaire, which is usually answered in about 10 min. This consists of 34 items with a value of 5 points each, which collect information on the quality of life of patients affected with IBS. This questionnaire is classified into 8 main areas: dysphoria, interference with activity, body image, health concern, avoidance of food, social relationships, sexual scale and relationships.
- "Change from Baseline Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) score at month" [ Time Frame: "up to four weeks" ]It is divided into two subscales (AE and AR). The AE scale consists of 20 sentences that the subject scores from 0 to 3 and defines how he feels in a "specific moment". Trait anxiety (AR) signals an anxious predisposition to perceive situations as threatening. The AR scale consists of 20 sentences, shows how the subject feels in "general".
- "Change from Baseline Simple spirometry parameters at month" [ Time Frame: "up to four weeks" ]It is a diagnostic test that allows the detection of respiratory pathologies of an obstructive or restrictive nature, as well as making a differential diagnosis in patients at risk. This device allows investigator to measure the following parameters: Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Forced Expiration Volume in one second (FEV1), calculate the Tifenneau Index of the examinee by means of the ratio between FEV1 and FVC. It also allows to measure the Peak of Maximum Expiratory Flow (PEF), 25% of FVC flow (FEF25), among others possible.The measurement of these parameters will be carried out with the help of the CONTEC SP10W digital spirometer, with a European Conformity certificate (CE-0123). Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC): Group I, class B. ¾ Class B (Electromagnetic system, which is marketed for use in a residential environment. Its limits are stricter than industrial devices). Medical devices - covered by directive, 93/42 / EEC. Classification of medical device IIa.
- "Change from Baseline Setpoint Abdominal Pain in IBS-Severity Index at month" [ Time Frame: "up to four weeks" ]Setpoint of the severity scale that measures the subjective sensation of abdominal pain with a visual scale.
- "Change from Baseline Setpoint funcional bloating in IBS-Severity Index at month" [ Time Frame: "up to four weeks" ]Setpoint of the severity scale that measures the subjective sensation of bloating
- "Change from baseline of bowel movements at month" [ Time Frame: "up to four weeks" ]Maximum number of bowel movements in one week
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04486469
|Jose Luis Gil Alcalde|
|Murcia, Spain, 30003|