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A Health-social Partnership Programme for Improving Health Self-management of Community-dwelling Older Adults

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04442867
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 23, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 12, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Arkers, Wong, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Brief Summary:
Health-social partnership has been governed by regulations in many developed countries for some years. For instance, the government of United Kingdom has implemented a policy specifically designed to facilitate the discharge of older adults by collaborating health and social care workers in hospitals. The United States also formulated a policy to support the development of collaborative and multi-agency care services in community setting for helping those who are vulnerable and underserved including ethnic minorities, homeless people, and those without health insurance. While these services were shown to reduce the delays in hospital discharge and improve access to services, they were found to be health-dominated and the involvement of service users in strategic design and planning was lacking. As a result, the actual process in practice was reported to be poor and a true model of health and social care partnership was not attained. Currently in Hong Kong, health-social partnership has not yet been driven and guided by policy. It is still unknown for researchers and practitioners as how to effectively build a seamless working partnership among two different disciplines and sustain in the community to support the independent living of older adults.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Aging Other: Case management Other: Social call Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Introduction: There is a growing body of literature supporting the involvement of a health-social approach using complex interventions in enhancing self-care management among community-dwelling older adults. However, there is a paucity of research on how this intervention strategy implements and disseminates in a real community setting. Bridging the gap between research-based evidence and primary health policy and practice is a considerable challenge to researchers, service providers and policymakers. The present pilot study aims to test the feasibility and acceptability of an evidence-based health-management intervention programme to be incorporated into the existing community services provided in the elderly centers. Results of this pilot study will provide important information if the health-social partnership program rooted in the community is acceptable and feasible and factors that may facilitate or hinder implementation when reaching the target group of older adults dwelling in the community. The preliminary outcomes of enhancing self-management and older adults in maximizing their independence in their home environment will also be examined.

Method: The present pilot study adopts an effectiveness-implementation hybrid design and intends to 1) evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based Health-Social Partnership Programme (HSPP) and 2) explore the reach, adoption, implementation, and maintenance of adopting HSPP in the community. The potential subjects will be recruited from the member list of a community centre of the Hong Kong Lutheran social services if they are (1) aged 60 or above, and (2) cognitively competent. Subjects will receive nurse-led case management supported by a social service team. Factors that hinder or facilitate the program delivery will also be examined to determine the implementation and sustained effects of the programme. The measures include the components of RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance) framework. Data will be collected at pre-intervention (T1), post-intervention (T2), and 3 months after intervention (T3).

Discussion: There are conventional randomized controlled trials testing the effects of community-based programs but these trial designs tend to control the contextual factors rather than incorporating the program in the real environment. Positive outcomes may have been produced in these trials but it is uncertain whether the tested intervention program can be rooted in the real life context and sustain in practice. This pilot study chooses to use the hybrid model to not only test the effectiveness but also examine the measures relating to implementation.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 72 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Health-social Partnership Programme for Improving Health Self-management of Community-dwelling Older Adults: a Hybrid Effectiveness-implementation Pilot Study
Actual Study Start Date : December 30, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2022

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention group
Subjects will receive nurse-led case management supported by a social service team.The nurse, functioning as a case manager, is involved in the initial assessment of the participant using the Omaha system. After the initial assessment, the NCM will equip participants with the skills required to perform self-care in health maintenance, including self-monitoring of vital signs, medication adherence, and sources of help if needed.
Other: Case management
Based on the clients' problems, individualized and specific health education such as recognition of the early signs and symptoms of an exacerbation or deterioration of disease condition, the frequency, dosage, duration of each health-promoting activity that was of therapeutic value, and the techniques required to perform these activities will be provided by the Nurse Case Manager.

Control group
Participants in the control group will receive a monthly social control call from a trained research assistant
Other: Social call
Provide social call to participants, such as ask the participants what TV program do you like most, and how are you recently.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in self-efficacy [ Time Frame: baseline pre-intervention (T1), at three-month when the interventions are completed (T2), and three-month post-intervention (T3) ]
    The change of self-efficacy in three time-points. Self-efficacy will be measured by using the Chinese version of the General Self-efficacy Scale. The scale was validated in Chinese population and had a reliability alpha coefficient of 0.89. The scale consists of ten questions, scores ranging from 10 to 40, with higher scores representing better self-efficacy.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in quality of life [ Time Frame: baseline pre-intervention (T1), at three-month when the interventions are completed (T2), and three-month post-intervention (T3) ]
    Quality of life will be measured by 12-item Short Form Health Survey version 2-Chinese (HK) version. The scale has been used in numerous studies with reliability confirmed when used locally. The rating of the items ranged from 0 to 100, with 50 indicating the standardized norm score.

  2. change in health service utilisation [ Time Frame: baseline pre-intervention (T1), at three-month when the interventions are completed (T2), and three-month post-intervention (T3) ]
    The outcomes of health services utilisation include the total numbers of unscheduled general out-patient department, general practitioners, emergency room, and hospital admissions and the total number of health service attendance. The information will be collected by the subjective report of participants and confirmed with the medical and attendance certificates, with good reliability



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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • aged 60 or above
  • cognitively competent with the Hong Kong version of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (HK-MoCA) with score ≥ 22

Exclusion Criteria:

  • not communicable
  • not reachable by phone
  • not living at home
  • bedbound
  • with known psychiatric problems with recent hospitalization within last 6 months
  • already engaged in structured health or social programmes
  • will not stay in Hong Kong for the current three months

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04442867


Contacts
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Contact: Arkers KC Wong, Dr 34003805 arkers.wong@polyu.edu.hk

Locations
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Hong Kong
Hong Kong Lutheran Social Services Recruiting
Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Contact: Timen Ng, BSc    29045647    timen.ng@hklss.hk   
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Investigators
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Study Chair: Frances KY Wong The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
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Responsible Party: Arkers, Wong, Clinical associate, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04442867    
Other Study ID Numbers: HEIPS
First Posted: June 23, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 12, 2021
Last Verified: February 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Arkers, Wong, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University:
hybrid effectiveness-implementation design
health-social partnership
community