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Promoting Co-Parenting and Reducing Hazardous Drinking in New Families

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04441307
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 22, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 17, 2023
Rochester Institute of Technology
University at Buffalo
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rina D. Eiden, Penn State University

Brief Summary:
This study aims to understand if a parenting program that helps couples learn to parent as a team and maintain a healthy lifestyle, such as maintaining safer levels of alcohol use, promotes parent and child health and well-being. Programs will be delivered prenatally and postnatally and will include both group classes and individualized sessions. A comprehensive assessment is administered during pregnancy and then at 6 and 12 months of child age. It is hypothesized that targeting intervention during the naturally motivating transition to parenthood may not only provide opportunities for long lasting behavioral change for parents, but also initiate a cascade of protective processes that ultimately reduce risk for negative emotional and behavioral outcomes for children.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Parenting Parent-Child Relations Drinking, Alcohol Adjustment Behavioral: Healthy Foundations Behavioral: Family Foundations Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 360 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: In both arms, couples will experience a parenting program for expecting first time parents. In one arm, parents will receive an adapted Family Foundations program. In the other arm, parents will receive an empirically supported community parenting program.
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Participants will be asked to participate in a parenting program but will not be informed about which arm of the study they have been assigned. To avoid bias in the evaluation of the interventions, outcome assessors will not be informed about which arm of the study participants have been assigned.
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Strong Foundations: Intervening to Promote Co-Parenting and Reduce Father Hazardous Drinking in Expectant Parents
Actual Study Start Date : January 25, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 30, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Healthy Foundations
A community-based parenting education program with individual family check ins will be implemented to all participants assigned to this arm.
Behavioral: Healthy Foundations
Healthy Foundations combines elements of a community-based parent education program with additional information about infant and child development, good parenting practices, parent health behavior, and couple support.

Experimental: Family Foundations
An adapted Family Foundations parenting program for expecting first time parents with individual family check ins will be implemented to all participants assigned to this arm.
Behavioral: Family Foundations
A modified version of Family Foundations, an evidence-based preventive intervention for couples during the transition to parenthood, will be implemented to address several aspects of parent and family adjustment, including parent health behavior, particularly alcohol use, and couple relationship dynamics, to promote a healthy parenting environment.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Couple Relationship/Co-parenting [ Time Frame: 6 months of child age ]
    Couple relationship will be evaluated through the Co-parenting Relationship Scale. For overall coparenting quality, average responses range from 0 (not true of us/never) to 6 (very true of us/very often). Lower scores indicate worse outcomes.

  2. Parent Adjustment [ Time Frame: 6 months of child age ]
    Parent adjustment will be assessed with self-report on mental health screenings. The Brief Symptom Inventory is a widely used mental health screening measure. Average responses to the listed symptoms range from 0 (not at all) to 4 (extremely) based on how distressing symptoms have been. Higher scores indicate greater intensity of symptoms.

  3. Parent Alcohol Use [ Time Frame: 6 months of child age ]
    Quantity-frequency of alcohol use (Quantity Frequency Index) and frequency of binge drinking (4 or 5 or more on a single occasion) based on the NIAAA standard drink will be assessed. Higher scores indicate greater quantity and frequency of alcohol use and binge drinking, with moderate drinking being defined as up to 1 standard drink per day for women and up to 2 standard drinks per day for men.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Parent-infant Interactions [ Time Frame: 6 and 12 months of child age ]
    Parent-child relations will be measured through the coding of play interaction sessions. Parental warmth, sensitivity, and harshness will be coded during parent-infant interactions. Parents will be asked to spend some time with their infants as they normally would at 6 months. At 12 months, parents will be asked to spend some time with infants as they normally would for the first 5 minutes, and given a series of problem-solving tasks to do with their infants for the next 5 minutes. Warmth (positive affective involvement), sensitivity (e.g., flexibility and contingent responsiveness), and harshness (e.g., intrusive and negative behaviors such as angry/hostile mood and voice, disapproval, and criticism) will be coded based on the global 5-point rating scales of the Early Relational Assessment (Clark, 1999). Higher scores on the rating scales indicate higher frequency of warmth, sensitivity, and harshness.

  2. Infant Self-Regulation [ Time Frame: 6 and 12 months of child age ]
    The Revised Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ-R, Gartstein & Rothbart, 2003) will be used to obtain parent reports of infant reactivity/regulation at 6 and 12 months of infant ages. The scale measures three broad dimensions of behavior Surgency/Extraversion, Negative Affectivity, and Orienting/Regulation. The Surgency/Extraversion dimension includes approach, vocal reactivity, high intensity pleasure, smiling and laughter, activity level, and perceptual sensitivity. The Negative Affectivity dimension includes sadness, distress to limitations, fear, and low falling reactivity. The Orienting/Regulation dimension includes low intensity pleasure, cuddliness, duration of orienting, and soothability. Scores range from 1-7 and higher scores on each dimension reflect higher surgency, negative affect, and regulation. Average of maternal and paternal scores on these three broad dimensions will be included as the final outcome measures.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant couples who are cohabitating
  • Parents are 18 years of age or older
  • Health behavior such as moderate to heavy drinking
  • English speaking

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Plural pregnancy
  • Illicit drug use other than cannabis for either parent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04441307

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Contact: Rina D Eiden 814-863-7767 rde5106@psu.edu
Contact: Stephanie Godleski 585-475-2643 saggsh@rit.edu

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United States, New York
University at Buffalo Recruiting
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14260
Contact: Meghan Leising, M.A    716-887-3317    mlcasey@buffalo.edu   
Contact: Craig Colder, PhD    716-645-0190    ccolder@buffalo.edu   
Rochester Institute of Technology Recruiting
Henrietta, New York, United States, 14467
Contact: Stephanie Godleski, PhD    585-475-2643    saggsh@rit.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Penn State University
Rochester Institute of Technology
University at Buffalo
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
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Principal Investigator: Rina D Eiden, PhD Penn State
Principal Investigator: Stephanie Godleski, PhD Rochester Institute of Technology
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Responsible Party: Rina D. Eiden, Professor of Psychology, Penn State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04441307    
Other Study ID Numbers: STUDY00003112
7R01AA027708-02 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
SITE00000607, ( Other Identifier: Pennsylvania State University - Univ Park Local IRB Study ID )
First Posted: June 22, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 17, 2023
Last Verified: March 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Rina D. Eiden, Penn State University:
Couple Relationship
Alcohol and Health
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alcohol Drinking
Drinking Behavior