Effect of Nutrition Education on Knowledge and Healthy Dietary Practice Among Pregnant Women
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04415450|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 4, 2020
Last Update Posted : June 4, 2020
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Pregnancy Nutritional Disease||Behavioral: Nutrition Education counseling||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||226 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Pregnant women who were on their first and second trimester of pregnancy|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Effect of Nutrition Education by Health Professionals on Pregnancy Specific Nutrition Knowledge and Healthy Dietary Practice Among Pregnant Women in Asmara, Eritrea|
|Actual Study Start Date :||August 31, 2018|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||September 22, 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||September 24, 2018|
Experimental: Nutrition Education Group
The experimental group is the group who received the intervention which is the nutrition education and counseling. Phase I of the data collection from the experimental group which is the pregnant women (baseline assessment) using a questionnaire immediately before receiving nutrition counseling from their ANC providers first took place. Health professionals then started providing nutrition education to pregnant women preselected and assessed before the intervention. Immediate post education evaluation of the pregnant women was done by the same questionnaire used to assess in the pretest. Phase II or post intervention data collection of pregnant women was done after the client was appointed for 6 weeks after the counseling session.
Behavioral: Nutrition Education counseling
In the context of health education program, an educational intervention was developed by the research team based on a training module. The nutrition education contained introductory messages and focused on meanings of healthy diet, eating a variety of food, eating well with the locally available food, hazards of maternal malnutrition, important supplements to be taken during pregnancy, harmful substances to be avoided, and measures of alleviating common discomforts associated with nutrition during pregnancy. The training program was carried out in the form of counseling using printed materials and flip charts for pictorial representation. Self-reading of leaflets containing the core messages for every topic prepared in the native language of the participants was also employed as the women in the study had one each.
- knowledge level of pregnant women on nutrition and their appropriate nutrition-related practice after intervention [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]The two outcome variables in this study were the knowledge level of pregnant women and their appropriate nutrition-related practice after intervention. At the Data set of pregnant women the categorical data from the knowledge part of the data collection was recorded to dichotomous data of 1 and 0, where 1 is having the correct answer and 0 is for incorrectly answering. Practice components of the questionnaire of pregnant women were dichotomized to 1 and 0 as well, where 1 is having good practice and 0 is having no practice. Composite scores of knowledge and practice of each pregnant woman was computed. Mean scores of the knowledge (at pre, immediate post and 6 weeks later) and practice (at pre and 6 weeks later) of pregnant women were then calculated. The pregnancy specific NEC was the independent variable in this study. Co-variables on ANC clients were the demographics characteristics addition to source of information and frequency of ANC visits.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04415450
|Asmara, Maekel, Eritrea, 10549|
|Principal Investigator:||Lidia G Teweldemedhin, MSc||Lecturer|