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The Safety of Molnupiravir (EIDD-2801) and Its Effect on Viral Shedding of SARS-CoV-2 (END-COVID)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04405739
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 28, 2020
Last Update Posted : November 15, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ridgeback Biotherapeutics, LP

Brief Summary:
Designed as a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to assess the efficacy and safety of EIDD-2801 on SARS-CoV-2 Virus Shedding in Newly Hospitalized Adults with polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-Confirmed COVID-19.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
SARS-CoV 2 Drug: EIDD-2801 Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Phase 2a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded clinical trial of EIDD-2801 (also known as MK 4482) in adult men and women who have tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test within 6 days (144 hours) prior to randomization and are hospitalized with a diagnosis of COVID-19. Rapid enrollment and treatment will be initiated such that the first dose of EIDD-2801 or placebo will be administered as soon as possible and within 7 days of onset of symptoms.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 71 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Safety of EIDD-2801 and Its Effect on Viral Shedding of SARS-CoV-2
Actual Study Start Date : June 16, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 21, 2022
Actual Study Completion Date : February 21, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: EIDD-2801 twice daily (BID) for 5 days
EIDD-2801 orally twice daily (BID) for 5 days at Dose A, Dose B, Dose C, Dose D, Dose E, Dose F
Drug: EIDD-2801
Oral capsule of EIDD-2801
Other Names:
  • molnupiravir
  • MK-4482

Placebo Comparator: placebo (PBO) twice daily (BID) for 5 days
Placebo (PBO) orally twice daily (BID) for 5 days matched for size and appearance to active IP
Drug: Placebo
Oral placebo capsule
Other Name: PBO

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants that achieve Virologic Clearance after oral administration of EIDD-2801 [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Achievement of undetectable SARS-CoV-2 RNA by Day 5 in nasopharyngeal (NP) swabs by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) after administration with EIDD-2801

  2. Number of Participants With any Serious Adverse Events(SAEs) as assessed by DAIDS [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Incidence of Serious Adverse Events in subjects receiving EIDD-2801

  3. Number of Participants With any Adverse Events(AEs) as assessed by DAIDS [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Incidence of Adverse Events in subjects receiving EIDD-2801

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Has COVID-19 disease, defined by having one or more of the following new symptoms and signs (within 7 days):

    • Fevers OR
    • At least one of the following symptoms: cough, shortness of breath, respiratory rate ≥ 20, radiographic evidence of pneumonia OR
    • Anosmia OR
    • other clinical symptoms or signs of COVID-19 that are not otherwise explained by comorbidities or co-diagnoses
  2. PCR+ test for SARS-CoV-2.
  3. Has new signs or symptoms of COVID-19 that began ≤7 days of anticipated first dose of study drug.
  4. Persons ≥18 years old.
  5. at the time of first dose.

5. ≥18 years old.

6. Is willing and able to comply with all study procedures including providing informed consent, collection of virology samples, and any safety tests that are not included as part of standard of care (SOC).

7. Is willing and able to take oral medications, and is anticipated to be able to take the full course of 5 days of study drug.

Pregnancy and Contraception: In nonclinical developmental and reproductive toxicity studies, developmental toxicity including malformation was observed in fetuses from pregnant animals dosed with EIDD-2801 (MK 4482). Therefore, treatment with EIDD-2801 is contraindicated in women who are pregnant or nursing and in the male partners of women who are pregnant. Extreme care must be taken to avoid pregnancy during the study and for 4 days after completion of EIDD 2801 dosing in female participants and for 4 days after completion of EIDD-2801 dosing in female partners of male participants.

8. A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant or breastfeeding and at least one of the following conditions applies:

  • Is not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) OR
  • Is a WOCBP and using a contraceptive method that is highly effective (a low user dependency method OR a user-dependent method in combination with a barrier method), or be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long-term and persistent basis), as described in Appendix 2 during the intervention period and for at least 4 days after the last dose of study intervention. The investigator should evaluate the potential for contraceptive method failure (ie, noncompliance, recently initiated) in relationship to the first dose of study intervention.
  • A WOCBP must have a negative highly sensitive pregnancy test (serum test is required) within 24 hours before the first dose of study intervention.
  • Additional requirements for pregnancy testing during and after study intervention are located in Section 4.4.
  • The investigator is responsible for review of medical history, menstrual history, and recent sexual activity to decrease the risk for inclusion of a woman with an early undetected pregnancy.
  • Contraceptive use by women should be consistent with local regulations regarding the methods of contraception for those participating in clinical studies.
  • Given the elevated risk of venous thrombotic events in patients hospitalized with COVID 19 (Benson et al 2020; Spratt et al 2020), estrogen-containing contraceptives must not be started to fulfill the contraceptive requirement of this study at any time during participant's hospitalization. If contraceptives are interrupted as standard of care management of COVID-19 patients and resumed at a later time point, such as at hospital discharge, then abstinence must be practiced for the defined period of back-up contraception per the contraceptive product labeling. After this period, contraceptive use must adhere to Appendix 2.

    9. Male participants are eligible to participate if they agree to the following during the intervention period and for at least 4 days after the last dose of study intervention:

  • Be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long term and persistent basis) and agree to remain abstinent OR
  • Must agree to use contraception unless confirmed to be azoospermic (vasectomized or secondary to medical cause [Appendix 2]) as detailed below:

Agree to use a male condom plus partner use of an additional contraceptive method when having penile-vaginal intercourse with a WOCBP who is not currently pregnant. Note: Men with a pregnant or breastfeeding partner must agree to remain abstinent from penile-vaginal intercourse or use a male condom during each episode of penile-vaginal penetration.

• Contraceptive use by men should be consistent with local regulations regarding the methods of contraception for those participating in clinical studies.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Is anticipated to require ICU admission for mechanical ventilation within 24 hours of enrollment.
  2. Requires more than 6 liters/minute of oxygen to maintain O2 saturation above 95%
  3. Is not expected to survive longer than 24 hours.
  4. Has a platelet count less than 100,000/µL, hemoglobin less than 9 g/dL, or has a disorder of the hematologic system including anemic disorder or other blood dyscrasia, cancer of the hematologic system, history of bone marrow transplant, or other significant hematologic disease.
  5. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  6. Is experiencing DAIDS AE grading scale grade 4 baseline medical conditions or laboratory abnormalities..
  7. Has received a vaccine for COVID-19 prior to enrollment, or plans to receive a vaccine for COVID-19 before the end-of-study visit.
  8. Has received an experimental antiviral treatment for COVID-19 prior to enrollment.
  9. Has received convalescent plasma or other monoclonal antibodies prior to enrollment..
  10. Is participating in another clinical study that involves pharmacologic intervention or has participated in another study within 30 days of 5 half-lives of the investigational agent (observational study participation is permitted).
  11. In the opinion of the investigator, has end-organ disease as a result of relevant comorbidities: chronic kidney disease (reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <30 mL/min by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) study equation prior to COVID-19 symptom onset), decompensated chronic liver disease or cirrhosis, decompensated congestive heart failure, active peripheral vascular disease including active diabetic ulcers, chronic pulmonary disease prior to COVID-19 symptom onset requiring bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) or >4 L/min supplemental oxygen at baseline; if using ≤4 L/min supplemental oxygen at baseline, consultation with and approval of the sponsor is required prior to enrollment.
  12. Has a diagnosis of cancer that is not in remission. Noninvasive cancers, such as basal and squamous cell carcinoma or history of in situ tumors are allowed at the discretion of the investigator after discussion with the sponsor.
  13. Has received an organ transplantation.
  14. Has received a bone marrow transplantation.
  15. Has been on immunosuppressive medications within one month prior to enrollment.
  16. Has any condition that would, in the opinion of the investigator, put the participant at increased risk for participation in a clinical trial.
  17. Has known active hepatitis C (HCV RNA positive), active hepatitis B (hepatitis B surface antigen positive), or HIV (ELISA and confirmatory Western blotting). New screening tests not required.
  18. Is currently taking nucleos(t)ide analogues for HIV or Hepatitis B, or for their prevention, within 30 days of study enrollment.
  19. Is currently taking systemic corticosteroids other than replacement doses, or for treatment of COVID-19.
  20. Has a Body Mass Index (BMI) >50 kg/m2.
  21. Is anticipated to require surgery within 48 hours after hospital admission.
  22. Is anticipated to have a nothing per mouth (NPO) order placed within 48 hours after hospital admission that is expected to last for > 24 hours.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04405739

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United States, California
Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095-8358
United States, Illinois
Cook County Hospital
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
Advocate Christ Medical Center
Oak Lawn, Illinois, United States, 60453
Advocate Lutheran General Hospital
Park Ridge, Illinois, United States, 60068
United States, Louisiana
Ochsner LSU Health Shreveport Academic Medical Center
Shreveport, Louisiana, United States, 71101
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21224
John Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
Howard County General Hospital
Columbia, Maryland, United States, 21044
United States, North Carolina
Wake Forest Baptist Health
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37235
United States, Texas
Houston Methodist Hospital
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ridgeback Biotherapeutics, LP
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Principal Investigator: Ashwin Balagopal, MD Johns Hopkins University
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Ridgeback Biotherapeutics, LP
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04405739    
Other Study ID Numbers: EIDD-2801-2004
First Posted: May 28, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 15, 2022
Last Verified: November 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No