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Efficacy and Safety of Individualized P2Y12 Receptor Antagonists Treatment Based on Agregometry Versus Fixed Dose Regimen in Patients After Acute Myocardial Infarction (SPARELIFE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04369534
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 30, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 30, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Croatian Science Foundation
Clinical Hospital Centre Zagreb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Davor Milicic, University of Zagreb

Brief Summary:
The specific goal of this study is to determine whether the individualized approach and adjusting the dosage of the P2Y12 receptor inhibitors will improve the platelet inhibiton and the clinical outcome in patients with an ACS, that were treated with PCI and the aforementioned drugs, but with an increased initial residual platelet activity. It is expected that the patients that have undergone the P2Y12 inhibitor therapy adjustment (according to the platelet reactivity measured by POC devices) will have better clinical outcomes (ie less ischemic events, without a significant increase in bleeding events) than those who did not undergo the therapy adjustment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Coronary Syndrome STEMI NSTEMI - Non-ST Segment Elevation MI PLATELET AGGREGATION INDIVIDUALIZED THERAPY Drug: Clopidogrel Drug: Ticagrelor Phase 4

Detailed Description:

In this study we plan to continue our previous research on individualized approach to platelet aniaggregation therapy in patients with an ACS treated with a PCI. The subjects included in this study will be adult patients successfully treated in our department for ACS (unstabile angina pectoris, non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction and ST segment elevation myocardal infarction) with a PCI, a coronary stent implantation and the subsequent dual platelet antiaggregation therapy combining ASA and a P2Y12 receptor inhibitor. The diagnosis of different types of ACS will be made depending on the clinical presentation, ECG findings and changes in cardiac biomarker serum levels (troponin T and MB creatinine kinase isoezyme). Percutaneous coronary revascularization and the dual platelet antiaggregation therapy are the basis of the modern ACS treatment. Because the newer P2Y12 receptor inhibitors are not momentarily widely available in Croatia, the initial treatment will include the combination of ASA and clopidogrel. The exclusion critera are as following: postinterventional continuous GPIIb/IIIa inhibitor therapy, thrombocytopenia (<150x10E9/L), signifcant renal failure (creatinine>200 µmol/L), anemia (Htc<30%), hemorrhagic diathesis, history of recent hemorrhagic or ischemic CVI (within 6 months of admission), recent surgical procedure (within 6 weeks of admission) and an indication for chronic anticoagulant therapy. Also patients older than 80 years of age will not be included into this study. The necessary number of subjects is between 100 and 120.

Aggregometry using the ADP test will be done to all the patients without the exclusion criteria that were successfully treated wth PCI. The testing will be done within 24 hours of the intervention in order to determine the pharmacodynamic effect P2Y12 receptor inhibitors have on platelets and their reactivity. The optimal platelet reactivity (according to the international consensus) is between 19 and 46 U (49). The patients that will have an increased residual PR (>46 U) after being given the loading doses of clopidogrel will be included in this study and randomized into three groups using a computer software (Research Randomizer). The patients randomized into the first group will be given the newer P2Y12 receptor inhibitor ticagrelor during the 12 months. The second group of patients will be given ticagrelor initially, and after the first 30 days it will be replaced with clopidogrel, that will be given for the remaining time period (up to 12 months). Clopidogrel dosing will be modified according to the results of the aggregometry using the ADP test. The third group of patients will have the same therapy regiment as the second group, but will be given the standard doses of clopidogrel regardless of the aggregometry findings. The follow-up period, during which the dual platelet antiaggregation therapy will be administered, is going to be 12 months for each patient. Within this time-frame, total of ten PR measurements will be done. The measurements in the first month are scheduled as follows: on the first, second, third, seventh and thirtieth day after the ACS and the PCI. The following measurements are scheduled two, three, six, nine and twelve months after the ACS and the PCI.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 120 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy and Safety of Individualized P2Y12 Receptor Antagonists Treatment Based on Agregometry Versus Fixed Dose Regimen in Patients After Acute Myocardial Infarction
Actual Study Start Date : December 1, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 30, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : December 1, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Heart Attack

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: First group
The patients randomized into the first group will be given the newer P2Y12 receptor inhibitor ticagrelor during the 12 months.
Drug: Ticagrelor
Administration of standard dose of ticagrelor during 12 months after PCI

Active Comparator: Second group
The second group of patients will be given ticagrelor initially, and after the first 30 days it will be replaced with clopidogrel, that will be given for the remaining time period (up to 12 months). Clopidogrel dosing will be modified according to the results of the aggregometry using the ADP test.
Drug: Clopidogrel
Adjusting clopidogrel dosage according to platelet reactivity results during 12 months after PCI




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of ischemic events [ Time Frame: During 1 year of follow up ]
    rehospitalization due to myocardial ishemia, another PCI, non-fatal acute myocardial infarction, "in-stent" thrombosis, transient ischemic attack (TIA), cerebrovascular insult (CVI) and cardiovascular death

  2. Incidence of Hemorrhagic events [ Time Frame: During 1 year of follow up ]
    Hemorrhagic events will be classified according to the BARC system, which represents an international consensus on documenting and classifying these events in cardiologic studies.

  3. MACCE [ Time Frame: During 1 year of follow up ]
    Data concerning mortality and other adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) will be verified by examining the medical records. If no other cause of death was verified or documented, each fatal event will be regarded as being of cardiac etiology.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • STEMI
  • NSTEMI
  • Unstable Angina
  • Successful PCI
  • Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • >80 years of age at time of inclusion
  • Cardiogenic shock
  • Unsuccessful PCI
  • GI bleed within the last 6 months
  • Hemorrhagic CVI within last 6 months
  • Ischemic CVI within last 6 months
  • Major surgery within last 6 months
  • Malignant disease
  • Platelet count <=150
  • Hematocrit <=30% or >=52%
  • Creatinine >=200
  • Chronic anticoagulant therapy
  • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, leukemia, myelodysplasia
  • Other: did not sign informed consent, refused, lives far away, leading physician doesn't want the patient to take part or any other reason leading to not signing the informed consent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04369534


Locations
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Croatia
Uhiversity hospital Center Zagreb
Zagreb, Croatia, 10000
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Zagreb
Croatian Science Foundation
Clinical Hospital Centre Zagreb
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Responsible Party: Davor Milicic, Professor Davor Milicic, MD, PhD, University of Zagreb
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04369534    
Other Study ID Numbers: 8403
First Posted: April 30, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 30, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Myocardial Infarction
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Infarction
Ischemia
Pathologic Processes
Necrosis
Myocardial Ischemia
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Clopidogrel
Ticagrelor
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Purinergic P2Y Receptor Antagonists
Purinergic P2 Receptor Antagonists
Purinergic Antagonists
Purinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs