Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

The Effect of Sitagliptin Treatment in COVID-19 Positive Diabetic Patients (SIDIACO)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04365517
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 28, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 9, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Paolo Fiorina, MD, University of Milan

Brief Summary:
The COVID-19 pathology is frequently associated with diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome. In the epidemic outbreak that exploded at the beginning of 2020 in the Lombardy Region, about two thirds of the patients who died from COVID-19 were affected by diabetes mellitus. COVID-19 occurs in 70% of cases with an inflammatory pathology of the airways that can be fed by a cytokine storm and result in severe respiratory failure (10% cases) and death (5%). The pathophysiological molecular mechanisms are currently not clearly defined. It is hypothesized that the transmembrane glycoprotein type II CD26, known for the enzyme activity Dipeptilpeptidase 4 of the extracellular domain, may play a main role in this condition. It is in fact considerably expressed at the level of parenchyma and pulmonary interstitium and carries out both systemic and paracrine enzymatic activity, modulating the function of various proinflammatory cytokines, growth factors and vasoactive peptides in the deep respiratory tract. Of particular interest is the fact that Dipeptilpeptidase 4 has been identified as a cellular receptor for S glycoprotein of MERS-COV. In the case of the SARS-COV 2 virus, the main receptor is the Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 protein, but a possible interaction with Dipeptilpeptidase 4 also cannot be excluded. The selective blockade of Dipeptilpeptidase 4 could therefore favorably modulate the pulmonary inflammatory response in the subject affected by COVID-19. This protein is also known for the enzymatic degradation function of the native glucagon-like peptide 1, one of the main regulators of insulin secretion. This is why it is a molecular target in the treatment of diabetes (drugs that selectively inhibit Dipeptilpeptidase 4 are marketed with an indication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes). It is believed that the use of a Dipeptilpeptidase 4 inhibitor in people with diabetes and hospitalized for Covid-19 may be safe and of particular interest for an evaluation of the effects on laboratory and instrumental indicators of inflammatory lung disease. Among the drugs that selectively block Dipeptilpeptidase 4, the one with the greatest affinity is Sitagliptin.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Covid19 Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 CKD Drug: Sitagliptin Phase 3

Detailed Description:

The investigators propose a randomized controlled open label intervention study. Patients hospitalized for COVID-19 and affected by type 2 diabetes mellitus will be included in the study and divided into two groups by randomization: sitagliptin add-on standard of care therapy with nutritional therapy with or without insulin treatment (study group) vs nutritional therapy with or without insulin treatment (group of control, standard therapy). The design of the study provides an open randomization to allow its feasibility in times compatible with the achievement of adequate cases during the epidemic. The presence of placebo and a double-blind study, would lead to longer planning and enrollment times.

Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus hospitalized for COVID-19 and randomized to the study group will be treated with sitagliptin at an adjusted dosage for estimated glomerular filtrate: 100 mg once daily (estimated glomerular filtration rate less than or equal to 45 mL / min / 1.73 m2) or 50 mg (estimated glomerular filtration rate 30-45 mL / min / 1.73 m2) in combination or not with insulin treatment. Patients with stage IV and V renal impairment (estimated glomerular filtration rate less than or equal to 30 mL / min / 1.73 m2) will be excluded. Enrolled patients will be followed according to the following scheme:

Time points:

  • T0: The doctor explains the protocol to the patient and he gives to him the informed consent and the letter to the general practitioner.
  • T1: The patient gives the signed and dated consent and officially enters the study. Basic assessments will be made. At the baseline, the clinical response, the main laboratory and instrumental tests will be taken into consideration. Biological samples will be taken for immunological study. Diabetic patients will begin treatment with Sitagliptin 100 or 50 mg add-on to nutritional therapy and, eventually, insulin treatment. Any other hypoglycemic agents taken before admission will be suspended.
  • T2: 7 days after T1, for both groups of patients, evaluation of the clinical response, of the average daily blood glucose levels, of the main laboratory and instrumental tests.
  • T3: 10 days after T2, for both groups of patients, evaluation of clinical response, average daily blood glucose levels, of the main laboratory and instrumental tests. Collection of biological samples for immunological study. End of the study.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 170 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: A randomized controlled open label intervention study is proposed. Patients hospitalized for COVID-19 and suffering from type 2 diabetes will be included in the study and divided into two groups by randomization: sitagliptin add-on therapy with nutritional therapy with or without insulin (study group) vs nutritional therapy with or without insulin (group of control, standard therapy)
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effect of Sitagliptin Treatment in COVID-19 Positive Diabetic Patients
Estimated Study Start Date : July 29, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 30, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Treatment group
patients will be treated with sitagliptin add on to nutritional therapy with o without insulin treatment. The dose of sitagliptin will be established on the basis of the estimated glomerular filtrate: 100 mg in single daily administration (estimated glomerular filtration rate less than or equal to 45 mL / min / 1.73 m2) or 50 mg (estimated glomerular filtration rate 30-45 mL / min / 1.73 m2) in combination or not with insulin. Patients with stage IV and V renal failure (estimated glomerular filtration rate less than or equal to 30 mL / min / 1.73 m2) will be excluded
Drug: Sitagliptin
We propose a randomized controlled open label intervention study. Patients with type 2 diabetes admitted to COVID-19 and randomized to the study group will be treated with sitagliptin at an adjusted dosage for estimated glomerular filtrate: 100 mg once daily (estimated glomerular filtration rate less than or equal to 45 mL / min / 1.73 m2 ) or 50 mg (estimated glomerular filtration rate 30-45 mL / min / 1.73 m2) in combination or not with insulin. Patients with stage IV and V renal failure (estimated glomerular filtration rate less than or equal to 30 mL / min / 1.73 m2) will be excluded

No Intervention: Control group
Patients who will be prescribed nutritional therapy with or without insulin treatment



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time for clinical improvement [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Evaluation of the time between randomization and two-point improvement on a seven-category scale (1, not hospitalized, return to normal activities; 2, not hospitalized, but unable to return to normal activities; 3, hospitalized without the need for oxygen therapy; 4, hospitalized, need for oxygen therapy; 5, hospitalized, need for non-invasive ventilatory support; 6, hospitalized, need for invasive mechanical ventilation or Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation; 7, death)

  2. Clinical parameter of acute lung disease [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Clinical evaluation of the physiological parameter "cough" associated with acute lung disease from the start of the study to the end of the study.

  3. Biochemical parameter of acute lung disease [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Variation of biochemical parameter "glycemia" of acute lung disease from the beginning of the study to the end of study.

  4. Clinical parameter of acute lung disease [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Variation of the clinical parameter "oxygen saturation by the use of a pulse oximeter" of acute lung disease from the beginning of the study to the end of the study.

  5. Clinical parameter of acute lung disease [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Variation of the clinical parameter "body temperature" of acute lung disease from the beginning of the study to the end of the study.

  6. Clinical parameter of acute lung disease [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Variation of the clinical parameter "respiratory rate" of acute lung disease from the beginning of the study to the end of the study.

  7. Clinical parameter of acute lung disease [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Variation of the clinical parameter "need for ventilatory support" of acute lung disease from the beginning of the study to the end of the study.

  8. Clinical parameters of acute lung disease [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Variation of the clinical parameters "duration in days of ventilatory support, duration in days of oxygen therapy, duration in days of hospitalization, duration in days in the Intensive Care Unit, total length of stay in hospital" of acute lung disease from the beginning of the study to the end of the study.

  9. Clinical parameter of acute lung disease [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Variation of the clinical parameter "blood gas analysis" of acute lung disease from the beginning of the study to the end of the study.

  10. Clinical parameter of acute lung disease [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Variation of the clinical parameter "chest X ray" of acute lung disease from the beginning of the study to the end of the study.

  11. Clinical parameter of acute lung disease [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Variation of the clinical parameter "PaO2/FiO2 ratio" of acute lung disease from the beginning of the study to the end of the study.

  12. Biochemical parameter of acute lung disease [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Variation of biochemical parameter "reactive C protein" of acute lung disease from the beginning of the study to the end of study.

  13. Biochemical parameter of acute lung disease [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Variation of biochemical parameter "blood count with formula" of acute lung disease from the beginning of the study to the end of study.

  14. Biochemical parameter of acute lung disease [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Variation of biochemical parameter "erythrocyte sedimentation rate" of acute lung disease from the beginning of the study to the end of study.

  15. Biochemical parameter of acute lung disease [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Variation of biochemical parameter "blood gas analysis" of acute lung disease from the beginning of the study to the end of study.

  16. Biochemical parameter of acute lung disease [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Variation of biochemical parameter "LDH" of acute lung disease from the beginning of the study to the end of study.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dipeptilpeptidase 4 expression in biological samples [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The alteration of Dipeptilpeptidase 4 expression will be evaluated in the collected biological samples

  2. Cytokine-inflammatory profile [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Evaluation of inflammatory cytokines IL-2 and IL-7 in biological samples of treated patients and control group patients during infection.

  3. Glycemic variability [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Effect on glycemic variability by evaluating HbA1c levels.

  4. Glycemic variability [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Effect on glycemic variability by evaluating the average daily blood glucose levels.

  5. Cytokine-inflammatory profile [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Evaluation of the inflammatory cytokine granulocyte-colony stimulating factor in biological samples of treated patients and control group patients during infection.

  6. Cytokine-inflammatory profile [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Evaluation of the inflammatory cytokine interferon-γ inducible protein 10 in biological samples of treated patients and control group patients during infection.

  7. Cytokine-inflammatory profile [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Evaluation of the inflammatory cytokine monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 in biological samples of treated patients and control group patients during infection.

  8. Cytokine-inflammatory profile [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Evaluation of the inflammatory cytokine macrophage inflammatory protein 1-α in biological samples of treated patients and control group patients during infection.

  9. Cytokine-inflammatory profile [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Evaluation of the inflammatory cytokine tumour necrosis factor-α in biological samples of treated patients and control group patients during infection.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, according to ADA 2020 criteria
  • HbA1c levels at the entrance or in the two previous months <9%
  • Diagnosis of Covid-19 (swab for positive SARS-COV2 RNA) with pneumonia, with or without increase in inflammation indexes, with or without respiratory failure
  • No indication for tocilizumab therapy (BCRSS, Brescia Covid Respiratory Severity Scale, <3).
  • Written and dated informed consent from the patient or his legally valid representative

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Stage IV and V renal failure (stimated glomerular filtration rate <30 ml / min)
  • Treatment with Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors or GLP-1 Receptor Agonists in the month prior to hospitalization
  • Pioglitazone treatment in the month prior to hospitalization
  • Treatment in the month preceding or in the course of hospitalization with "biological" drugs for immuno-rheumatological diseases (in particular tocilizumab)
  • Presence of other acute or chronic ongoing infections
  • Neurological or psychiatric diseases, diagnosis of hemoglobinopathy, diagnosis of liver disease, cancer, cystic fibrosis or malabsorption syndrome
  • Dysphagia with need for artificial nutrition
  • Positive history of acute and chronic pancreatitis
  • Unstable cardiovascular disease or known atherosclerotic disease
  • A history of alcohol or drug abuse
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis
  • Presence of serious diseases or conditions that make the patient unsuitable for the study
  • Surgery in the previous two weeks

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04365517


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Teresa Letizia, Dr. 02 39042648 letizia.teresa@asst-fbf-sacco.it

Locations
Layout table for location information
Italy
ASST FBF Sacco
Milan, Italy, 20157
Contact: Teresa Letizia, Dr.    02 39042648    letizia.teresa@asst-fbf-sacco.it   
Principal Investigator: Paolo Fiorina, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Milan
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Paolo Fiorina, MD, PhD University of Milan
Publications:

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Paolo Fiorina, MD, Director of Endocrinology and Diabetology ASST FBF Sacco, University of Milan
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04365517    
Other Study ID Numbers: Sacco FBF
First Posted: April 28, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 9, 2020
Last Verified: July 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Sitagliptin Phosphate
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Incretins
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Dipeptidyl-Peptidase IV Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action