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EuRopean Study of MAjor Infectious Disease Syndromes Related to COVID-19 (MERMAIDS 2)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04364711
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified April 2020 by MJM Bonten, UMC Utrecht.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 28, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 28, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
MJM Bonten, UMC Utrecht

Brief Summary:

Background Rapid European COVID-19 Emergency Research response (RECoVER), is a project involving 10 international partners that has been selected for funding by the European Union under the Horizon 2020 research framework responding to call topic SC1-PHE-CORONAVIRUS-2020: Advancing knowledge for the clinical and public health response to the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic. MERMAIDS 2.0 is the hospital care study within RECOVER.

Rationale Detailed patient-oriented studies are needed to determine the spectrum of SARS-CoV-2 disease and the combined influences of age, comorbidities and pathogen co-infections on the development of severe disease, together with virological and immunological profiles. This research is key to understanding the pathophysiology and epidemiology of this new disease, as well as to identifying potential targets for therapeutic or preventive interventions.

Objective To establish the prevalence, disease spectrum and severity, clinical features, risk factors, spread and outcomes of novel 2019 coronavirus infection (SARS-CoV-2) in Hospital Care.

Study design Prospective observational cohort study in selected European countries.

Study population

Children and adults with 1) acute respiratory illness (ARI) presenting to hospital care during the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic (including both COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients) and 2) patients with confirmed COVID-19 infection, but with atypical presentation (non-ARI) or with nosocomial acquisition. Sites can optionally participate in the following tiers:

Tier 0 (Clinical data collection only) - Clinical data will be collected but no biological samples will be obtained for research purposes. Summary of the illness episode and outcome, including a selection of risk factors and comorbidities and medications.

Tier 1 (Clinical data and biological sampling) - Clinical samples and data will be collected on enrolment day and then at scheduled time points.

Tier 2 (Clinical data an extended biological sampling).

Optional add-on study In a subset of sites and patients, COVID-19 positive patients will be followed post-discharge for 6 months to study clinical recovery and long-term sequelae Main study parameters/endpoints: Prevalence of COVID-19 among patients with acute respiratory illness. COVID-19 disease spectrum and host and pathogen risk factors for severity. Long-term sequelae of COVID-19 requiring hospital care. Proportion hospital-acquired COVID-19 infections and characteristics of nosocomial transmission.

Study Duration Scheduled 2 years and based on COVID-19 dynamics.

Nature and extent of the burden associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness This study is observational in nature. There will be no direct benefit to research participants. The study may include biological sampling in addition to sampling required for medical management. The results of the tests done on these samples may not contribute to improving the participant's health. Minimal inconvenience and discomfort to the participant may arise from study visits and biological sampling.

Condition or disease

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 2000 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Multi-centre EuRopean Study of MAjor Infectious Disease Syndromes (MERMAIDS) - Acute Respiratory Infections (MERMAIDS ARI) 2.0
Estimated Study Start Date : May 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 30, 2022

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pneumonia Severity indexes [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  2. Need for supplemental oxygen; non-invasive or invasive mechanical ventilation; extra-corporeal life support [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  3. Hospital - and ICU/HCU length of stay [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  4. In-hospital mortality [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  5. Activities of daily life, quality of life, variations in home living status and employment status [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  6. Proportion of SARS-CoV2 positive patients [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
This is a descriptive study of the clinical syndrome caused by SARS-CoV-2. Patients will only be considered for enrolment if appropriate local infection control and prevention measures are in place and can be maintained. In hospital, potential participants will be identified through hospital workers upon presentation at recruiting sites. The clinical research infrastructures of COMBACTE CLIN-NET will be used for site selection for an efficient establishment of a clinical network with broad European coverage providing access to a large patient population across all age groups and differing healthcare environments.

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Clinical suspicion of a new episode of acute respiratory tract infection.
  2. Patient is admitted to hospital
  3. Primary reason for hospital admission is clinical suspicion of a new episode of ARI
  4. Onset of the following symptoms within the last 7 days: i. Sudden onset of self-reported fever OR temperature of ≥ 38°C at presentation AND ii. At least one respiratory symptom (cough, sore throat, runny or congested nose, dyspnea) AND iii. At least one systemic symptom (headache, muscle ache, sweats or chills or tiredness)


Laboratory confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection at the time of eligibility check.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Inability to obtain consent from patient or surrogate
  2. Previous enrollment in current study
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Responsible Party: MJM Bonten, Professor Medical Microbiology, UMC Utrecht
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04364711    
Other Study ID Numbers: ReCoVer - MERMAIDS 2.0
First Posted: April 28, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 28, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by MJM Bonten, UMC Utrecht:
acute respiratory infection
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Communicable Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Pneumonia, Viral
Virus Diseases
Coronavirus Infections
Coronaviridae Infections
Nidovirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes