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GENETIC BASIS of LEFT VENTRICULAR APICAL HYPOPLASIA

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04339582
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 9, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 10, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bambino Gesù Hospital and Research Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GIUSEPPE LIMONGELLI, Monaldi Hospital

Brief Summary:

Brief summary Left ventricular apical hypoplasia (LVAH) is a rare cardiomyopathy characterized by a spherical, truncated LV with some degree of systolic dysfunction, an elongated, normally functioning right ventricle that wraps around the distal left ventricle, deficiency of the myocardium within the LV apex with adipose tissue infiltrating the apex and origin of the papillary muscle in the flattened anterior apex. This condition presents with different clinical presentation, ranging from no symptoms to congestive heart failure or malignant tachycardia. The etiology of this condition is currently unknown. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical and genetic characteristics of patients with LVAH.

Background Left ventricular apical hypoplasia (LVAH) is described as congenital heart disease with an unusual type of cardiomyopathy that was first described in 2004 by Fernandez-Valls et al. It is an extremely rare disease; to date, only more than twenty cases were described.

The typical imaging features of this cardiomyopathy include: a spherical, truncated LV with some degree of systolic dysfunction; an elongated, normally functioning right ventricle that wraps around the distal left ventricle; deficiency of the myocardium within the LV apex with adipose tissue infiltrating the apex; origin of the papillary muscle in the flattened anterior apex. A 2D echocardiogram and cardiac MRI can successfully indicate different morphological features This rare phenomenon frequently presents with different clinical manifestations according to the age of the disease, from no symptoms in children to congestive heart failure, pulmonary edema, or even malignant tachycardia in adults. Congenital or genetical etiology was proposed to explain the development of this rare cardiomyopathy.

The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical and genetic characteristics of patients with LVAH.

Methods Study population

The study population is composed by consecutive patients with diagnosis of LVAH. Diagnosis of LVAH is based on echocardiographic or cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) evidence of all the following diagnostic criteria:

  • a spherical, truncated LV with some degree of systolic dysfunction;
  • an elongated, normally functioning right ventricle that wraps around the distal left ventricle;
  • deficiency of the myocardium within the LV apex with adipose tissue infiltrating the apex;
  • origin of the papillary muscle in the flattened anterior apex. Patients enrolled followed a common protocol designed by GL (Monaldi Hospital, AORN Colli, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli"). The study protocol was approved, and written informed consent was obtained from each subject, according to the procedure established by the Ethic Committee of our institution.

Study protocol Patients enrolled underwent a comprehensive clinical-genetic evaluation commonly practiced in our cardiology division. In particular, the basal evaluation, consisted family and personal history, physical examination, blood tests, 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) at rest, conventional M-mode, two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography, 24-hour Holter ECG, and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), and genetic testing with whole exome sequencing (WES). Moreover, all patients are clinically revaluated every 6-12 months.


Condition or disease
Left Ventricular Apical Hypoplasia (LVAH), New Rare Condition

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Study Type : Observational [Patient Registry]
Estimated Enrollment : 7 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Target Follow-Up Duration: 1 Year
Official Title: GENETIC BASIS of LEFT VENTRICULAR APICAL HYPOPLASIA
Study Start Date : September 20, 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2023



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. new gene of LVAH [ Time Frame: one year later the completation study ]
    the principal aim of the study is to identify the new gene of LVAH and to investigate on genetic background of this clinical condition



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 90 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population

The study population is composed by consecutive patients with diagnosis of LVAH. Diagnosis of LVAH is based on echocardiographic or cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) evidence of all the following diagnostic criteria:

  • a spherical, truncated LV with some degree of systolic dysfunction;
  • an elongated, normally functioning right ventricle that wraps around the distal left ventricle;
  • deficiency of the myocardium within the LV apex with adipose tissue infiltrating the apex;
  • origin of the papillary muscle in the flattened anterior apex. Patients enrolled followed a common protocol designed by GL (Monaldi Hospital, AORN Colli, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli"). The study protocol was approved, and written informed consent was obtained from each subject, according to the procedure established by the Ethic Committee of our institution.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and female patients, 0-90 years old, in any distribution.
  • Patients who have the diagnostic criteria for LVAH. Diagnosis of LVAH is based on echocardiographic or cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) evidence of all the following diagnostic criteria:

    • a spherical, truncated LV with some degree of systolic dysfunction;
    • an elongated, normally functioning right ventricle that wraps around the distal left ventricle;
    • deficiency of the myocardium within the LV apex with adipose tissue infiltrating the apex;
    • origin of the papillary muscle in the flattened anterior apex.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Involvement with any other ongoing studies.
  • Patients who have diagnosis of other Cardiomyopathies

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04339582


Contacts
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Contact: GIUSEPPE LIMONGELLI, PHD,MD 3776902779 limongelligiuseppe@libero.it
Contact: MARTINA CAIAZZA, BMC 3391574484 martina.caiazza@yahoo.it

Locations
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Italy
Ospedale V. Monaldi, Università degli studi della Campania, Luigi Vanvitelli Recruiting
Naples, Italy, 80121
Contact: Giuseppe Limongelli, phd,md    3776902779    limongelligiuseppe@libero.it   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Monaldi Hospital
Bambino Gesù Hospital and Research Institute
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Responsible Party: GIUSEPPE LIMONGELLI, Principal Investigator, Monaldi Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04339582    
Other Study ID Numbers: LVAH_001
First Posted: April 9, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 10, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by GIUSEPPE LIMONGELLI, Monaldi Hospital:
Left ventricular apical hypoplasia (LVAH)
Genetic testing
Congenital or genetical condition
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Disease
Pathologic Processes