Methylprednisolone for Patients With COVID-19 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (MP-C19)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04323592|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 26, 2020
Results First Posted : June 4, 2020
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2020
COVID-19 infection is overwhelming Italian healthcare. There is an urgent need for a solution to the lack of ICU beds and increasing deaths day after day.
A recent retrospective Chinese paper (JAMA Intern Med, online March 13, 2020) showed impressive positive effect of methylprednisolone (MP) on survival of SARS-CoV-2 critically ill patients. Moreover, the Italian Infectious Disease leading institution guidelines for COVID-19 clinical management included as an option for patients with "incipient worsening of respiratory functions" methylprednisolone treatment at an approximate dose of 80mg.
The main objective of this multi-centre observational trial is to analyse the association of low dose prolonged infusion of methylprednisolone (MP) for patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome with composite primary end-point (ICU referral, need for intubation, in-hospital death at day 28).
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Pneumonia Coronavirus Infections ARDS, Human||Drug: Methylprednisolone Other: standard care|
Comparison of two groups of patients SARS-CoV-2 positive with severe acute respiratory syndrome:
- Exposed to low prolonged doses of Methylprednisolone
- Not exposed to corticosteroids (standard of care alone)
The two group will be weighted by means of a propensity score according to:
- C-reactive protein (CRP) at baseline
- Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score at baseline
- PaO2/FiO2 ratio at baseline (ratio of arterial oxygen partial pressure to fractional inspired oxygen)
Anti-viral agents, chloroquine, respiratory support (any), and antibiotics (any) are allowed in each study group. Corticosteroids use, other than per-protocol Methylprednisolone in the exposed group is a reason for dropout.
- The exposed group is treated with Methylprednisolone at study entry (baseline) according to a protocol based on the Italian national recommendations for COVID-19 management: a loading dose of 80 mg IV, followed by an infusion of 80 mg/day in 240 mL normal saline at 10 mL/h. The infusion is continued for at least eight days and until achieving either a PaO2:FiO2 > 350 mmHg or a CRP < 20 mg/L. Treatment is then switched to oral administration of Methylprednisolone 16 mg or 20 mg IV twice daily until CRP returns to < 20% of normal range and/or PaO2:FiO2 > 400 or SatHbO2 ≥ 95%. The decision to apply the protocol to Covid-19 is left to the discretion of the treating team for each individual patient.
- Unexposed patients will be selected from concurrent consecutive COVID-19 patients with the same inclusion and exclusion criteria and blinded to outcome data.
|Study Type :||Observational [Patient Registry]|
|Actual Enrollment :||173 participants|
|Target Follow-Up Duration:||4 Weeks|
|Official Title:||Prolonged Low Doses of Methylprednisolone for Patients With COVID-19 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome|
|Actual Study Start Date :||March 23, 2020|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||May 10, 2020|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||May 10, 2020|
Exposed to Methylprednisolone
Consecutive SARS-CoV-2 positive patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome treated with methylprednisolone (MP) at low prolonged dose, fulfilling inclusion and exclusion criteria.
Usual standard of care plus Methylprednisolone (MP) 80 mg/kg IV bolus, followed by MP infusion of 80 mg/day in 240 mL normal saline at 10 mL/h. The infusion is continued for at least eight days and until achieving either a PaO2:FiO2 > 350 mmHg or a CRP < 20 mg/L. Treatment is then switched to oral administration of Methylprednisolone 16 mg or 20 mg IV twice daily until CRP returns to < 20% of normal range and/or PaO2:FiO2 > 400 or SatHbO2 ≥ 95%. The decision to apply the protocol to Covid-19 is left to the discretion of the treating team for each individual patient.
Other: standard care
usual standard of care:
Non-exposed to Methylprednisolone
Concurrent patients fulfilling the same inclusion and exclusion criteria, never treated with steroids.
Other: standard care
usual standard of care:
- Composite Primary End-point: Admission to ICU, Need for Invasive Mechanical Ventilation (MV), or All-cause Death by Day 28 [ Time Frame: 28 days ]We reported below the number of participants meeting at least one of three among death or ICU admission or Invasive mechanical ventilation.
- In-hospital Death Within 28 Days [ Time Frame: 28 days ]We reported below the number of participants who died within 28 days, during the hospital stay.
- Admission to Intensive Care Unit (ICU) [ Time Frame: 28 days ]We reported below the number of participants admitted to ICU within 28 days.
- Endotracheal Intubation (Invasive Mechanical Ventilation) [ Time Frame: 28 days ]We reported below the number of participants who needed endotracheal intubation during ICU admission
- Change in C-reactive Protein (CRP) [ Time Frame: 7 days ]Change in C-reactive protein after 7 days from baseline. A reduction of CRP reveals a laboratory improvement.
- Number of Days Free From Mechanical Ventilation [ Time Frame: 28 days ]number of days free from mechanical ventilation (both invasive and non-invasive) by day 28
Biospecimen Retention: None Retained
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04323592
|Trieste, TS, Italy, 34149|
|Principal Investigator:||Marco Confalonieri, MD||University of Trieste|