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Comparison of Transdermal Fentanyl and Morphine for Oral Mucositis Pain in Nasopharyngeal Cancer Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04292990
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : March 3, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 29, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jiarong Chen, MD, Jiangmen Central Hospital

Brief Summary:
The primary purpose of this study is to explore the significance of analgesic treatment for radiation-induced oral mucositis pain in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma during radiotherapy, and to compare the analgesic effect of morphine controlled-release tablets with that of fentanyl transdermal patch. Half of participants will receive morphine controlled-release tablets,while the other half will receive fentanyl transdermal patch.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pain Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Head and Neck Cancer Radiation Induced Oral Mucositis Drug: Fentanyl Drug: Morphine Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Morphine controlled-release tablets and fentanyl transdermal patch each relieve radiation-induced oral mucositis pain in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. But they do so by different mechanisms and in different effects.

Morphine is a classic strong analgesic, which has been widely used in patients with advanced cancer pain. It has achieved satisfactory results in pain control, sleep improvement and quality of life. Oral morphine has been regarded as the standard treatment for moderate and severe cancer pain.

Fentanyl transdermal patch is a system device for transdermal delivery of drugs. It is compressed on a film containing fentanyl memory. The film can continuously release fentanyl into the blood circulation and maintain stable for more than 72 hours. It is not affected by gastrointestinal PH or food, and it has no hepatic frst-pass effect, with a bioavailability of up to 92%.

This study will test the efficacy and safety of morphine controlled-release tablets compared to fentanyl transdermal patch in the treatment of pain in patients with radiation-induced oral mucositis.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 300 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Comparison of Oral Controlled-release Morphine With Transdermal Fentanyl in Nasopharyngeal Cancer Patients With Moderate or Severe Oral Mucositis Pain Induced by Chemoradiotherapy
Estimated Study Start Date : December 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Fentanyl
Intervention: Drug: Fentanyl Transdermal Patch
Drug: Fentanyl
Patch releasing drug at the rate of 25 µg/hour, increasing by 25 µg/hour increments to maintain the NRS score≤3 after the frst 24 hours according to no change in pain control. The maximum dose allowed in this study is 300 µg/hour.
Other Name: Duragesic

Active Comparator: Morphine
Intervention: Drug: Morphine Controlled-Release Tablets
Drug: Morphine
Tablets taken orally, twice daily, morning & evening with preferably 12 hours (not less than 6 hours) between doses. Titration phase: starting at 30 mg, increasing at a minimum of 3 days intervals by 20 mg, with a maximum dose of 100 mg. Maintenance phase: continuing on dose level established in titration phase.
Other Name: MeiShi KangDing

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pain Intensity Measure [ Time Frame: Through chemoradiotherapy completion, 3 weeks ]
    Self reported pain intensity once a day according to the numeric rating scale (NRS), with 0-10(0=no pain, 10=pain as bad as can be). The higher scores indicate worse pain.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Treatment-Related Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Through chemoradiotherapy completion, 3 weeks ]
    All adverse events were recorded during treatment, and the skin was examined for local reactions during treatment and after removal of fentanyl transdermal patch.

  2. Quality-of-Life composite Index [ Time Frame: Through chemoradiotherapy completion, an average of 2 weeks ]
    Quality-of-Life was assessed using Karnofsky performance status (KPS) standards of the Union for International Cancer Control and SPAASMS (Score for pain, Physical activity levels, Additional pain medication, Additional physician/emergency room visits, Sleep, Mood, and Side effects) scores before and after 3 days of treatment. The higher KPS scores(0-100) of patients indicate better quality of life, but the higher SPAASMS scores(0-31) mean worse outcome.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients were pathologically newly diagnosed with nasopharyngeal carcinoma and had no previous history of other tumors
  • According to the treatment strategies of doctors, patients need to receive radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy (for example, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, concurrent chemotherapy, adjuvant chemotherapy) or targeted therapy
  • Never use a opioid before treatment
  • Hematology: WBC≥4.0×109/L, ANC≥1.5×109/L, PLT≥100×109/L,Hb≥90g/L.
  • Participants with the ability to assess the pain level
  • Willingness to return to enrolling institution for follow-up

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients do not conform to the inclusion criteria
  • Known allergy to fentanyl, morphine, or any known component of the drug formulation
  • Refuse to use of opioid drugs
  • Nasopharyngeal patients with mental illness
  • Current untreated or unresolved oral candidiasis or oral HSV infection
  • Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
  • Pregnant or Nursing women
  • Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
  • Other contraindications or unsuitable conditions for radiotherapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04292990

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Contact: Jiarong Chen, PhD 86-0750-3399003
Contact: Yanghao Ruan

Sponsors and Collaborators
Jiarong Chen, MD
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Principal Investigator: Jiarong Chen, PhD Affiliated Jiangmen Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University
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Responsible Party: Jiarong Chen, MD, Principal Investigator, Jiangmen Central Hospital Identifier: NCT04292990    
Other Study ID Numbers: JM0019001
First Posted: March 3, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 29, 2020
Last Verified: July 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Pharyngeal Neoplasms
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Nasopharyngeal Diseases
Pharyngeal Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Analgesics, Opioid
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Adjuvants, Anesthesia