An Exercise Facilitator to Activate Simple Training Programs in the Dialysis Center
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04282616|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : February 25, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 25, 2020
Low physical activity levels and progressive poor functional capacity affect quality of life and clinical outcomes of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) patients. Interventions to prevent the functional decline associated with a sedentary lifestyle or to relief from deconditioning are crucial, considering the significant beneficial effects of exercise in all CKD patients, especially in End-stage Kidney Disease patients (ESKD). Unfortunately, physical and psychological barriers to exercise are present and physical activity management is not routinely addressed in the patient's care.
For the first time the project aims to test the impact of the regular presence of an exercise specialist in the Nephrology Unit.
This facilitator, evaluating capacity, motivation and preferences of each patient, will design tailored solutions and assess the related outcomes. Several design of training programs will be proposed to dialysis patients, that can choose the exercise option that best fits their needing.
The study will determine the feasibility of the project, the patients' adherence and the effectiveness of the programs proposed to improve the patients' lifestyle.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 5 on Dialysis||Other: Home-based unstructured physical activity program Other: Home-based structured low-intensity physical activity program Other: In-hospital structured supervised physical activity program||Not Applicable|
The assumption underlying the project is that a wider participation to physical activity programs (PAPs) of ESKD patients may be facilitated by the presence in the Renal Unit of an exercise specialist able to design tailored programs and that this intervention may lead to measurable benefits on physical fitness, quality of life and general health.
The possible different solutions offered by an expert of exercise in chronic diseases might reduce most of the barriers to exercise responsible of the sedentary behavior of the ESKD patients. Aim of the project is to test the impact of the regular presence of this facilitator in a Nephrology Unit in terms of applicability and feasibility as well to identify the preferred and the most effective pathways for the patients.
The identification of a novel cost-effective intervention may represent an important step to manage the change of lifestyle of ESKD patients, to slow down their physical and QoL decline and to reduce hospitalizations and negative outcomes affecting this population.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||100 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||End-stage kidney disease patients will be proposed to choose between one of the three organizational models of exercise (counselling; home-based prescription; supervised) or to take part in the project as a control group (no exercise).|
|Masking:||Single (Outcomes Assessor)|
|Masking Description:||Outcome measures assessors will be blinded to group allocation|
|Official Title:||An Exercise Facilitator to Break Down the Barriers to Physical Activity of End-stage Kidney Disease Patients. A Pragmatic Implementation Trial in a Nephrology Unit|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||March 1, 2020|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 31, 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||February 28, 2022|
Experimental: Home-based unstructured physical activity program
According to each patient's baseline physical activity level, the facilitator will advise patients to start or to increase their spontaneous activity by giving counselling on total exercise time, mode, intensity and frequency as suggested by the American College of Sport Medicine guidelines. Every patient will be provided with a log-book and a wearable physical activity monitor, which has to be returned in the subsequent controls, to favor adherence and objectively measure the exercise activities
Other: Home-based unstructured physical activity program
Counselling on physical activity according to American College of Sports Medicine guidelines
Experimental: Home-based structured low-intensity physical activity program
According to each patient's baseline physical activity level, a semi-personalized walking program, will be provided. This program, derived from previous experience on renal patients, includes a 10-min session/day of intermittent walking (1- or 2-min work and 1-min seated rest) to be performed at home at prescribed speed. The speed, converted into walking cadence and followed by a metronome, is weekly increased. Patients will be provided with a daily log containing the detailed exercise prescription and spaces to give a feedback on training execution and related symptoms.
Other: Home-based structured low-intensity physical activity program
Structured home-based low-intensity intermittent walking program
Experimental: In-hospital structured supervised physical activity program
Patients will join the room properly equipped for the exercise program in groups of maximum four subjects for a 2-time/week thirty minutes training sessions, to be performed for dialysis patients immediately before or after the dialysis treatment, or in non-dialysis according to their preferences.
Each sessions will include low-intensity walking exercises (similar to the structured home-based training), resistance and power exercises with elastic bands and light weights. Each sessions will begin and end with a warm-up and cool-down period of stretching. The total duration of the session will be about 30 minutes. Rate of perceived exertion will be collected and the training intensity will be set according to the patient's baseline capacity and weekly increased.
Other: In-hospital structured supervised physical activity program
Supervised exercise training program
No Intervention: No-training
Patients choosing this option will not start any physical activity program, but they will perform the outcome measures, acting as a control group.
- 6-minute walking test (Mobility) [ Time Frame: Change at 3-month (end of training) respect to baseline ]Subjects will be instructed to walk as far as possible on a 22m walkway in 6 minutes, with their habitual walking device, with the possibility to slow down and rest if necessary. The total distance walked, the pain-free walking distance, and the perceived exertion at the end of the test will be recorded.
- 10-meter walking test (gait speed) [ Time Frame: Change at 3-month (end of training) respect to baseline ]Patients will be positioned at the start of a 10-meter corridor marked with four lines, respectively at 0, 2, 8 and 10 meters from the start. Patients will be asked to walk as fast as they can, but safely, from the first to the last line, using their habitual walking device. A skilled operator will record the time within the two middle lines, that will be converted into speed. Two trails are allowed for this test, and the mean of the two results will be considered
- 5-time sit-to-stand test (lower limbs strength) [ Time Frame: Change at 3-month (end of training) respect to baseline ]This test consists in moving from a sitting position to a standing position on a 42- cm high chair as quick as possible, for five times, with arms folded across the chest. Time will be taken when the test starts, and when the patient lay his/her buttocks on the chair for the fifth time.
- Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) (health-related quality of life) [ Time Frame: Change at 3-month (end of training) respect to baseline ]This questionnaire consists of 36 items with a score ranging from 0 to 100 divided into 8 domains examining various aspects of health‐related QoL. Higher scores correspond to better quality of life.
- Short Falls Efficacy Scale (sFES) (fear of falling) [ Time Frame: Change at 3-month (end of training) respect to baseline ]This scale is composed of seven 4-point Likert questions about how concerned the patients is about the possibility of falling. The total score ranges from 7 (no concerned about falling) to 28 (highest concern about falling).
- Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) (Estimated functional capacity) [ Time Frame: Change at 3-month (end of training) respect to baseline ]This is an assessment tool to evaluate the functional capacity of patients through 12 dichotomous (yes/no) questions covering various aspect of life. The total score, ranges from 0 to 58.2 with higher scores that indicate a higher functional capacity.
- Beck Depression Inventory - II (BDI-II) [ Time Frame: Change at 3-month (end of training) respect to baseline ]This questionnaire, composed of 21 multiple-choice questions, is suitable for measuring the gravity of clinical depression in adults and in diseased populations. The score ranges from 0 (no depression) to 63 (severe depression)
- Number and rate of hospitalizations [ Time Frame: 6-month and 12-month (follow up) ]Number and rate of all-cause hospitalizations within participants will be collected.
- Number and rate of mortality [ Time Frame: 6-month and 12-month (follow up) ]Number and rate of all-cause mortality within participants will be collected.
- Rate of participation (qualitative outcome) [ Time Frame: Baseline ]Rate of patients providing consent compared to the eligible ones will be calculated
- Rate of selection of different exercise program proposed (qualitative outcome) [ Time Frame: Baseline ]The rate of patients choosing each of the training option proposed will be calculated to determine patients willingness to exercise and patients preferences about training.
- Rate of training sessions completed [ Time Frame: 3-month (end of program) ]Adherence to the physical activity program chosen will be assessed at the end of the 3-month training period. The total number of training sessions completed in relation to the prescribed ones will be measured by a ratio. The total adherence will range from 0 (0 sessions completed out of 24) to 100% (24 sessions completed out of 24).
- 6-minute walking test (Mobility) [ Time Frame: Change at 6-month (follow-up) respect to baseline ]Subjects will be instructed to walk as far as possible on a 22m walkway in 6 minutes, with their habitual walking device, with the possibility to slow down and rest if necessary. The total distance walked, the pain-free walking distance, and the perceived exertion at the end of the test will be recorded.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04282616
|Contact: Fabio Manfredini, MDemail@example.com|
|University Hospital of Ferrara|
|Ferrara, Italy, 44124|
|Principal Investigator:||Fabio Manfredini, MD||University of Ferrara and University Hospital of Ferrara|
|Principal Investigator:||Alda Storari, MD||University Hospital of Ferrara|