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Bevacizumab in Severe or Critical Patients With COVID-19 Pneumonia (BEST-CP)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04275414
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 19, 2020
Last Update Posted : September 14, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University
Moriggia-Pelascini Gravedona Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Qilu Hospital of Shandong University

Brief Summary:
The novel identified coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) in 2019 causes an nationwide outbreak as well as public health crisis in China, and expands globally. Pulmonary edema is one of the most detrimental symptoms and usually presents in severe and critical coronavirus disease (COVID-19), resulting in dyspnea, acute lung injury (ALI) ,acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and even death. Recent evidence revealed higher levels of blood Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) in COVID-19 patients compared with healthy controls. VEGF is considered as the most potent vascular permeability inducers. Numerous studies have revealed that VEGF was a key factor and a potential therapeutic target in ALI and ARDS. Bevacizumab, an anti-VEGF drug, approved by the FDA on February 26, 2004 and widely used in clinical oncotherapy, is a promising drug for ALI/ARDS in COVID-19 through suppression of pulmonary edema.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Coronavirus Infections Drug: Bevacizumab Injection Phase 2

Detailed Description:

In December 2019, a new identified coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak in Wuhan, causes public health crisis in China and spreads worldwide. On February 11,2020, the World Health Organization officially named the disease caused by the new coronavirus "COVID-19". The Chinese Government takes stronger and harsher measures to control the progression of its outbreak. Meanwhile, five editions of "Diagnosis and Treatment for Novel Coronavirus-Infected Pneumonia" has been timely and continuously issued, which play extremely important roles in guiding the clinical management of COVID-19 nationwide in China.

The symptoms of human infection with SARS-CoV-2 are generally fever, fatigue, dry cough and dyspnea. Noteworthy, a considerable percentage of COVID-19 cases have rapidly progressed to severe and critical type, among which acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are the most common complications, resulting in a large number of pneumonia hospitalized patients requiring supplemental oxygen, mechanical ventilation, or even ECMO.Pulmonary edema is a detrimental feature as well as a key causal factor of ALI/ARDS.

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) is considered as the most potent vascular permeability inducers. Recent evidence has revealed higher VEGF levels in COVID-19 patients compared with healthy controls. The rise of VEGF levels may be caused by hypoxia, severe inflammation, and upregulation of the infected respiratory tract epithelium itself. Numerous studies have confirmed a key role of VEGF as potential therapeutic target in acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due do increase vascular permeability and induce pulmonary edema.

Thus, Bevacizumab, an anti-VEGF medication, may offer a unique approach to treat ALI/ARDS caused by COVID-19. Bevacizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody with long half-life. It has been approved by the FDA on February 26, 2004 and widely used in clinical oncotherapy, with the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics having been widely understood. Therefore, Bevacizumab is a promising drug for the treatment of ALI/ARDS as well as reduction of mortality in severe and critical COVID-19 patients through suppression of pulmonary edema.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 27 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effecacy and Safety of Bevacizumab in Severe Patients With Covid-19: a Pilot Study (BEST-CP)
Actual Study Start Date : February 15, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 5, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Bevacizumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: bevacizumab plus standard care
Under ECG monitoring, give bevacizumab 500mg + 0.9% sodium chloride solution 100ml via intravenous drip, time is no less than 90min.
Drug: Bevacizumab Injection
Bevacizumab 500mg + normal saline (NS) 100ml, ivdrip ≥90min




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Partial arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2) to fraction of inspiration O2 (FiO2) ratio [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    Partial arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2) to fraction of inspiration O2 (FiO2) ratio

  2. Partial arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2) to fraction of inspiration O2 (FiO2) ratio [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Partial arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2) to fraction of inspiration O2 (FiO2) ratio


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of improvement of oxygen-support status [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    The oxygen-support status includes 6 levels: mechanical ventilation, non-invasive ventilation, a transition status of alternate use of non-invasive ventilation and high-flow oxygen, high-flow oxygen, low-flow oxygen and ambient air. The improvement of oxygen-support status is defined as switch from a higher level of oxygen-support to a lower level.

  2. The change of areas of pulmonary lesions shown on chest radiological imaging (chest CT or X-ray) [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    The areas of pulmonary lesions are analysised by a professional imaging software.

  3. Blood lymphocyte counts [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Blood lymphocyte counts

  4. Level of CRP [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Level of CRP

  5. Level of hs-CRP [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Level of hs-CRP

  6. All-cause mortality [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    All-cause mortality

  7. Discharge rate [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Discharge rate



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 18 to 80.
  2. Confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis(including the clinically confirmed cases in Hubei).
  3. Accord with any of the following: respiratory distress, RR ≥ 30 breaths/min; or SpO2 ≤ 93% at rest; or partial arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2) / fraction of inspiration O2 (FiO2) >100mmHg and ≤ 300mmHg (1mmHg = 0.133kPa).
  4. Chest imaging confirms lung involvement and has inflammatory exudation or pleural effusion.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Cannot obtain informed consent.
  2. Severe hepatic dysfunction (Child Pugh score ≥ C, or AST> 5 times the upper limit); Severe renal dysfunction (estimated glomerular filtration rate ≤ 30mL / min / 1.73 m2) or receive continuous renal replacement therapy, hemodialysis, or peritoneal dialysis.
  3. Unsatisfactory controlled hypertension (seated systolic blood pressure> 160mmHg, or diastolic blood pressure> 100mmHg); previous history of hypertension crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy.
  4. Poorly controlled heart diseases, such as NYHA class II and above cardiac insufficiency, unstable angina pectoris, myocardial infarction within 1 year before enrollment, supraventricular or ventricular arrhythmia need treatment or intervention.
  5. Hereditary bleeding tendency or coagulopathy; received full-dose anticoagulant or thrombolytic therapy within10 days before enrollment, or have taken non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs with platelet suppression within 10 days before enrollment (Except those who use small doses of aspirin ≤325mg / day for preventive use).
  6. Thrombosis within 6 months before enrollment. And from those patients, screen who had arterial / venous thromboembolic events, such as, ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, etc. within 1 year ahead of enrollment. Severe vascular disease (including aneurysms or arterial thrombosis requiring surgery) within 6 months before enrollment.
  7. Unhealed wounds, active gastric ulcers or fractures. Gastrointestinal perforation, gastrointestinal fistula, abdominal abscess, visceral fistula formation within 6 months before enrollment. Major surgery (including preoperative Chest biopsy) or major trauma (such as a fracture) within 28 days before enrollment. May have surgery during the trial.
  8. Severe, active bleeding such as hemoptysis, gastrointestinal bleeding, central nervous system bleeding, and nosebleeds within 1 month before enrollment.
  9. Malignant tumors within 5 years before enrollment.
  10. Allergic to bevacizumab or its components.
  11. Untreated active hepatitis or HIV-positive patients.
  12. Pregnant and lactating women and those planning to get pregnant.
  13. Participated in other clinical trials, not considered suitable for this study by the researchers.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04275414


Locations
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China, Hubei
Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University
Wuhan, Hubei, China
China, Shandong
Qilu Hospital of Shandong University
Jinan, Shandong, China, 250012
Italy
Moriggia-Pelascini Gravedona Hospital
Gravedona, Italy
Sponsors and Collaborators
Qilu Hospital of Shandong University
Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University
Moriggia-Pelascini Gravedona Hospital
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Yuguo Chen, Dr Qilu Hospital of Shandong University
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Qilu Hospital of Shandong University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04275414    
Other Study ID Numbers: QLEmer20200214
First Posted: February 19, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 14, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Qilu Hospital of Shandong University:
COVID-19
Bevacizumab
pneumonia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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COVID-19
Coronavirus Infections
Respiratory Tract Infections
Infections
Pneumonia, Viral
Pneumonia
Virus Diseases
Coronaviridae Infections
Nidovirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Bevacizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors