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Relationship Between Head Posture Muscles, Pulmonary Capacity and Functional Capacity: a Myotonometric Assessment

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04253821
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 5, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 5, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Cagtay Maden, Hasan Kalyoncu University

Brief Summary:
Forward head posture (FHP) is known to have a large influence on respiratory function by weakening the respiratory muscles. This cross-sectional study is designed to examine the relationship between the tonus, stiffness, and elasticity of head posture muscles and pulmonary capacity. Sixteen FHP individuals and seventeen NFHP individuals were evaluated. The muscle tonus, stiffness and elasticity of upper trapezius (UT), semispinalis capistis (SSC), pectoral muscles (PM) and sternocleidomastoideus muscles (SCM) were measured by using MyotonPro® device. Functional capacity was measured with six-minute walk test. Pulmonary function tests was evaluated with spirometer. The neck disability index (NDT) was applied. The forward head posture was determined by measurements of craniovertebral angle (CVA). Physical activity levels of participants were evaluated by Physical Activity Index (FIT).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Forward Head Posture Muscle Tone Muscle Stiffnes Muscle Elasticty Vital Capacity Other: muscle tonus, stiffness and elasticity,six-minute walk test, Pulmonary function tests, The neck disability index Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 33 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Relationship Between the Tonus, Stiffness, and Elasticity of Head Posture Muscles and Pulmonary Capacity and Functional Capacity: a Myotonometric Assessment
Actual Study Start Date : March 5, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 10, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : October 10, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Forward head posture Other: muscle tonus, stiffness and elasticity,six-minute walk test, Pulmonary function tests, The neck disability index
The muscle tonus, stiffness and elasticity of upper trapezius (UT), semispinalis capistis (SSC), pectoral muscles (PM) and sternocleidomastoideus muscles (SCM) were measured by using MyotonPro® device. Functional capacity was measured with six-minute walk test. Pulmonary function tests was evaluated with spirometer. The neck disability index (NDT) was applied. The forward head posture was determined by measurements of craniovertebral angle (CVA). Physical activity levels of participants were evaluated by Physical Activity Index (FIT).

Active Comparator: Non-Forward head posture Other: muscle tonus, stiffness and elasticity,six-minute walk test, Pulmonary function tests, The neck disability index
The muscle tonus, stiffness and elasticity of upper trapezius (UT), semispinalis capistis (SSC), pectoral muscles (PM) and sternocleidomastoideus muscles (SCM) were measured by using MyotonPro® device. Functional capacity was measured with six-minute walk test. Pulmonary function tests was evaluated with spirometer. The neck disability index (NDT) was applied. The forward head posture was determined by measurements of craniovertebral angle (CVA). Physical activity levels of participants were evaluated by Physical Activity Index (FIT).




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. muscle tonus, stiffness and elasticity [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    The measurements of muscle tone, stiffness and elasticity were made by using MyotonPro® device. Participants were seated on the chair and hands were placed on the knee, UT, SSC and SCM muscles were measured in this position. The pectoralis major muscle was measured in the supine position.

  2. six-minute walk test. [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    Functional capacity was measured with six-minute walk test.

  3. Vital Capacity [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    Pulmonary function tests was evaluated with spirometer.It is the volume of air in the lungs that varies between full inspiration and maximum expiration.

  4. Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    Pulmonary function tests was evaluated with spirometer.It is the volume of air that comes out with rapid and powerful exhalation following deep inspiratory. Healthy people can normally extract 80% of their lung volume in 6 seconds or less.

  5. Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Second (FEV1) [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    Pulmonary function tests was evaluated with spirometer.It is the volume of air released in the first second from the beginning of the difficult vital capacity maneuver. In general, it gives information about the restriction in major airlines. FEV1 / FVC ratio decrease shows obstruction, FEV1 shows the severity of obstruction.

  6. Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    Pulmonary function tests was evaluated with spirometer.It is measured by the maximum exhalation maneuver following the maximum inspiration. It gives information about obstruction in large airways.

  7. The neck disability index [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    The neck disability index was applied. the total score is 50. As the test score rises, disability increases.0-4 score no disability, 5-14 mild disability, 15-24 moderate degree, 25-34 severe disability, 35 and above completely disabled

  8. Physical Activity Index [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    The FIT index was used to classify the individuals' physical activity levels. This research instrument used to classify and assign a score from 1 to 100 to a person's physical fitness level based on their frequency, intensity, and time engaged in physical fitness activities. The physical activity score was obtained by multiplying the frequency, intensity and time of the activity. According to the FIT score, the physical activity level is interpreted as 0-20 sedentary, 21-40 weak, 41-60 normal, 61-80 good and 81-100 very good.

  9. Forward head posture assessment [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    Forward head posture was assessed by a goniometric method which is accepted as a reliable method. Participants were assessed in a relaxed sitting position. To measure the craniovertebral angle (CVA) of FHP, the center of the goniometer is placed at the level of the orifice of the external ear with the fixed arm pointing vertically towards the ceiling and the moving arm against the subject's 7th neck bonee.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- the participants do not have any known pulmonary, systemic and muscular system disease and, any neurological symptoms and neck pain that affects daily living activities.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • have headache and dizziness
  • steroid use or muscle relaxants

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04253821


Locations
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Turkey
Hasan Kalyoncu Universty
Gaziantep, Şahinbey, Turkey
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cagtay Maden
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Responsible Party: Cagtay Maden, research assistant,physiotherapist, Hasan Kalyoncu University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04253821    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2019/24
First Posted: February 5, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 5, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Cagtay Maden, Hasan Kalyoncu University:
forward head posture
muscle elasticity