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I am Protecting my Child From the Sun Program

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04251598
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 5, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 5, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Adem SÜMEN, Akdeniz University

Brief Summary:
This study aimed to examine the effect of the "I Am Protecting My Child from the Sun" program, based on social cognitive theory, on parents' sun-protection product use and sun avoidance behaviors. The "I Am Protecting My Child from the Sun" program, based on Social Cognitive Theory, and the sending of short reminder messages had positive effects on the parents' behaviors related to protecting themselves and their children from the sun.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Skin Neoplasms Parents Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms Child Behavior Health Behavior Behavioral: I Am Protecting My Child from the Sun Behavioral: SMS for sun protection Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This study aimed to examine the effect of the "I Am Protecting My Child from the Sun" program, based on social cognitive theory, on parents' sun-protection product use and sun avoidance behaviors. Organized as a randomized controlled experimental study conducted on three groups with a pre- and post-test follow-up design, the study was carried out in Manavgat between April 2018 and October 2018 and included the participation of 185 parents, of which 63 were in the education group, 62 were in the education+SMS group, and 60 were in the control group. The parents in the intervention group were administered the "I Am Protecting My Child from the Sun" program for a period of six weeks, while the education+SMS group, in addition to the program, also received a total of 25 short text messages twice a week. Data were collected using the Parent Information Form, Skin Cancer Risk Perception Form, Skin Cancer and Sun Knowledge Scale, Parental Self-Efficacy Scale, Parental Sun Protection Scales, and Parent Behaviors Regarding Protecting Themselves and Their Children from The Sun Question Form.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 185 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effect of the "I am Protecting my Child From the Sun" Program Based on Social Cognitive Theory, on Parent Behaviors
Actual Study Start Date : April 1, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 15, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : October 31, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Education group
Only "I am Protecting my Child From the Sun" program was given.
Behavioral: I Am Protecting My Child from the Sun

The parents in the intervention group were administered the "I Am Protecting My Child from the Sun" program for a period of six weeks.

Intervention groups received Sun Protection Guide for Parents, Developmental, Characteristics of 3-6 Age Group Children Brochure, Melanoma Brochure, Video, Frame, Key chain, Magnet, Puzzle, Sunscreen product, T-shirt, hat and UV testing wristband.


Experimental: Education + SMS group
The "I am Protecting my Child From the Sun" program was given. After the program, an SMS message was sent on Wednesday and Saturday for 12 weeks. A total of 25 SMS messages were sent to remind the subject and applications.
Behavioral: I Am Protecting My Child from the Sun

The parents in the intervention group were administered the "I Am Protecting My Child from the Sun" program for a period of six weeks.

Intervention groups received Sun Protection Guide for Parents, Developmental, Characteristics of 3-6 Age Group Children Brochure, Melanoma Brochure, Video, Frame, Key chain, Magnet, Puzzle, Sunscreen product, T-shirt, hat and UV testing wristband.


Behavioral: SMS for sun protection
While the education+SMS group, in addition to the program, also received a total of 25 short text messages twice a week.

No Intervention: Control group
No attempt was made by the researcher during the study. Only data collection was carried out. At the end of the research, the "I am Protecting my Child From the Sun" program was given..



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Parental Sun Protection Scales [ Time Frame: 9 months ]
    The Self-Efficacy of the Use of Sunscreen Products consists of 5 items, Norms/Attitudes for the Use of Sunscreen Products consists of 6 items, Expectancies for the Use of Sunscreen Products consists of 6 items and Impediments to the Use of Sunscreen Products consists of 3 items in products; The Self - Efficacy of Sun Avoidance consists of 5 items, Norms/Attitudes for Sun Avoidance consists of 4 items, Tanning Expectancies consists of 4 items and Expectancies for Sun Avoidance consists of 5 items in Parental Sun Protection Scales. To calculate the scores of the scale, the items are numbered from 1 to 5. Each subscale will be evaluated within itself in the scales and it is expected that the scales of Impediments to the Use of Sunscreen Products and Tanning Expectancies scales have low scores and the other scales have high scores.

  2. Sun Protection Applications of Parents for Themselves and Child's [ Time Frame: 9 months ]
    The questionnaire is prepared according to the literature and consists of Sun Protection Applications of Parents for Themselves and Sun Protection Applications of Parents for Child's sections and five questions. It questions the sun protection practices for sunscreen, long-sleeved clothing, hat, sunglasses and shade. Answers to questions range from "never", " sometimes" and "always".


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Skin Cancer and Sun Knowledge Scale [ Time Frame: 9 months ]
    The Skin Cancer and Sun Knowledge Scale consists of 25 items and evaluates information about five fields: the indications of sun protection, suntanning, skin cancer risk factors, prevention of skin cancer, and skin cancer. The items consist of 15 correct-incorrect and 10 multiple-choice questions. For each item, correct answers are symbolized by (1) and incorrect by (0). Total points are 0-25 on the scale. The higher the score obtained, the higher the knowledge level.

  2. Skin Cancer Risk Perception [ Time Frame: 9 months ]
    In the Skin Cancer Risk Perception questionnaire, there is a question that questions parents' risk of developing skin cancer, and two questions that question the possibility of developing skin cancer over the next 10 years and their lives. Parents' skin cancer risk perception was grouped between "very low" and "very high" and evaluated between 1 and 10 points, respectively. The increase in the score obtained is interpreted as high risk perception.

  3. Parental Competence Scale [ Time Frame: 9 months ]
    Parental Competence Scale consists of 11 items and one dimension to evaluate parents' parenting skills. The lowest 11 points and the highest 77 points can be obtained from the scale.

  4. Skin Self-Examination [ Time Frame: 9 months ]
    Skin self-examination practices were obtained by asking.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Volunteering to participate in the research
  • Being least literate
  • No communication problems in terms of hearing, seeing and understanding
  • Being a mobile phone user to receive text messages sent by the researcher
  • Living in the same home with the child
  • Joining both parents or one of the parents
  • No possibility of leaving the region during the research

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Skin cancer diagnosis / history
  • Having a family history of skin cancer

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04251598


Locations
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Turkey
Akdeniz University, Kumluca Faculty of Health Sciences
Antalya, Kumluca, Turkey, 07350
Sponsors and Collaborators
Akdeniz University
Investigators
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Study Director: Selma Öncel, PhD, RN, Professor Akdeniz University
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Adem SÜMEN, Principal Investigator, Akdeniz University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04251598    
Other Study ID Numbers: TDK-2018-3501
First Posted: February 5, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 5, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: I want to share "I am Protecting my Child From the Sun" program protocol with other researchers.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: The study is completed
Access Criteria: After the study is published as an article

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Adem SÜMEN, Akdeniz University:
Skin Cancer
Sun Protection
Parent Behavior
Social Cognitive Theory
Public Health Nursing
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Skin Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Skin Diseases